You may not want or dislike cutting. But if trees and shrubs grow in your country house, you will not be able to do without it, with all the desire.
Crowns that have not been touched by a saw or pruner can, over time, either grow to the skies or become so thick that it will be impossible to stick your hand in them. The branches will grow old sooner or later, and any of them can suddenly break down or get sick. To care for a garden in which pruning is not carried out is a very inconvenient occupation and not very gratifying from the point of view of the harvest, and the appearance of the plants also leaves much to be desired.
To avoid most of these troubles, it is enough to master the basics of recreational pruning and a minimum of formative actions.
What to cut off
For beginners, it seems logical to cut the crown evenly from all sides instead of trimming. But in fact, in the orchard, for the most part, you need to do the opposite - cut all unnecessary to the ground. Shorten the top of the tree to stop its growth at 2.5–3 m, and the side branches - only in some cases.
How to delete
On the site of a cut branch, hemp should not remain - only the wound of the smallest possible size (this is obtained if the cut is not made flush with the trunk or carrying bough, but along the border of the circular influx at the base of the branch to be removed).
What to do with wounds
Experts recommend immediately after pruning to cover up all the wounds (of any size) to which you can reach. It is not necessary to apply new-fangled pastes: the most common garden water will suit.