We cut tomatoes on our own

To fruit normally developed, should be cut off tomatoes. This action leads to the normalization of illumination, as any shadow has a negative effect on delicate plants. A dense planting scheme contributes to the formation of shading, which tomatoes do not like so much. As a result, the struggle for light begins, which often leads to the pulling of the shoots upwards. In this regard, the plant has to increase the green mass and spend its strength and nutrients on it, depriving the fruit. To eliminate the deformation of the fruit and slow development, to minimize blackout, pruning of bushes and cutting off excess foliage is performed.

338-Independently pick tomatoes

To fruit normally developed, cut tomatoes

Which leaves are to be removed?

Light for tomatoes in the open field and greenhouse is very important, its lack as a result of dense planting of bushes leads to a decrease in yield. Condensation is a factor in increasing moisture and nutrient deficiencies necessary for fetal development. In order to prevent these consequences, the tomatoes are timely stewed, that is, the removal of excess plant parts.

338-Independently pick tomatoes

To eliminate the deformation of the fruit and slow development, they perform pruning of bushes and cutting off excess foliage.

Cut the following parts of plants:

  • All lower leaves in contact with the ground. The stem should be kept dry and clean in order to prevent rotting.
  • Gradually, in the course of development, all lower leaves are removed from the plant to the first flower branch in order to protect against various diseases. In the end, should get a bush, bare bottom approximately 30 cm.
  • The peripheral parts of the leaves, which prevent the neighboring bushes from receiving a sufficient amount of light, and the leaves located in the shade are also removed.
  • Cut off the leaves, covering from sunlight full-ripening fruits, sheets and shoots on a floral brush.
  • To form a shrub consisting of one stem, all side shoots are pruned.
  • If there are any signs of late blight, absolutely all foliage is removed to enable the weak shrub to grow fruit. It is necessary to remove not only the lower leaves, but also branches and foliage, having signs of disease or rotting. This is done to prevent the transmission of the disease to healthy parts of the plant. In addition to pruning, it is recommended to treat the bushes with a special tool.
  • It is important to periodically trim the stepsons in the permafrost area of ​​the plant. This will help to better air and maintain optimum humidity.

    Break off or not worth it?

    Those who doubt whether it is necessary to cut the leaves of tomatoes should pay attention to the arguments in favor of this procedure:

    • the formation of a tomato bush capable of missing the optimum amount of sunlight for the formation and development of fruits;
    • the redistribution of nutrients, which contributes to the formation of sufficiently large fruits;
    • natural air circulation, reducing the likelihood of infestation of fungal plant diseases.

    If the stepsons are not removed, then a new stem will form on the plant, which will create competition with the main nutrient elements. As a result, grow a large bush with an abundance of small fruits.

    338-Independently pick tomatoes

    If the stepsons are not removed, then a new stem will form on the plant, which will create competition with the main nutrient elements.

    Masking is thinning of the bush, leading to an increase in the size of the fetus.

    Removing stepsons

    How to cut the side shoots of the seedlings so that for the plant this procedure is painless? Additional shoots are pruned from the moment the first flower branch grows. Removal is done to increase the amount of nutrients received by the flowers and ovaries. The procedure is performed with a sharp pruner. It is used for pruning thickened shoots. Small leaves and thin stepchildren easily come off with their hands.

    The main thing is to take care not to damage the trunk and flowering shoots. Pruning should be done not beautifully, but with high quality.

    Cutting or cutting off the shoots, it is necessary to ensure that there is a small penechki from the trunk to be removed. This contributes to a better rehabilitation of the plant and prevents the emergence of a new shoot in its place. It is necessary to check that the juice of the plants does not fall on the hands and healthy tomatoes are not infected by the sick. For the first time, pinching is performed during the plant's garter; it is also convenient to remove excess shoots from bushes tied to supports. When pruning lateral shoots, only 1 stem is left on high bushes. If you stepson medium and small bushes, then leave 2-3 more robust stepchildren.

    Crop the lower leaves of tomatoes (video)

    Pruning recommendations

    It is best to carry out the procedure during the day, when the shoots are removed beautifully and quickly, and the wound appeared is delayed before nightfall. In this case, the risk of infection with gray rot, which leads to wilting of tomatoes and yield loss, will be minimal. Those who do not know how to cut the sprout, you need to remember that they leave a small penechki up to 15 mm in length, so that the place of damage heals up quickly and dries. In the case of pruning shoots damage to the trunk is possible.

    338-Independently pick tomatoes

    Masking is the thinning of the bush, leading to an increase in the size of the fetus.

    Pruning leaves in tomatoes in open ground is done every 1.5-2 weeks. This is done so that the shoot is clearly different from the fruiting brush and consumes a small amount of nutrients. The butchers are cut when they are 6 cm long. It is necessary to pick off the leaves of a tomato, if they are dry and yellowed. The cut should be treated with a disinfectant to prevent infection by various diseases. All tools must be processed after trimming the stepsons from each bush. Tomatoes that are close to each other quickly transmit infections.

    Gardeners often doubt whether to remove leaves and additional shoots. Masking is the impetus for the formation of large fruits. Masking is not only beautiful, but also useful. In order for the removal to be carried out more efficiently and effectively, it is necessary to determine how to properly trim the tomatoes and care for them. After all, this will lead to a good harvest.

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