How to use plant garbage and residues with benefit? Why you should not throw out branches and tops?
What to do with old stumps
Korchevka old orchard or just trees outside the territory of the dacha - is already a difficult job to even think about what to do with the old stumps. But in this situation, you can not look for a solution to the issue, because it has long been there. Any old stump can be used as a decoration on the ground, which is called a rutaire. If you apply a little imagination, not only single figures are obtained from stumps, but also whole compositions.
In addition, the stumps can be used on the place where the tree itself previously grew. You do not need to spend power on digging in and uprooting, undermining a large stump with a tractor or other power equipment, because you can always make a nice landscape object from which a flowerbed is organized.
Flowers, herbs, spices, berry bushes and even bonsai can be settled in the cavity of an old stump.
Where to put the felled trees
The missing garden is usually removed from the territory of the dacha in order to make room for new plantings, as well as outdated or simply damaged branches from large adult trees. But you do not need to organize recycling for wood, because it can occur right at the cottage, but in different ways and with benefit.
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- Old branches will go for firewood for kindling a fireplace, or can be used in the grill and barbecue stoves for cooking;
- Medium and small branches can make excellent fertilizer when they rot in the compost heap;
- Often, branches also perform decorative tasks, when individual figures are made up of them, or as in the case of rutaries, compositions for landscape decoration;
- Also, more even branches are used for the construction of fences in the backyard, for example, to separate the main yard from the economic one. Of certain varieties of wood, even quite good wicker fences are obtained, which are simply called wooden tyn;
- Woodworking in the country, choosing raw materials from the trees of the old garden is not the best idea, but some branches or logs can become parts of decorative country furniture, supports and supports, elements of certain economic structures;
- Do not forget that the small branches are easily interrupted by a garden shredder and go to the mulching of the soil in the garden and flower beds.
We use wood bark with benefits
Once we described in detail a garden shredder (mentioned literally in the last section of the article), which can be not only a great helper in the country, but also the equipment that will help recycle the unnecessary into useful.
It is not only about the branches, which the chopper translates into the state of chips, but also about the bark of the trees, which after the shredder becomes an excellent material for mulching and even decorating the soil.
Wood chips from the bark are most suitable for protecting the soil in the orchard, where you can cover it with a 5-7 cm layer of tree trunks. So the root system will not dry out, and the soil retains integrity.
Wood bark is also a good fuel, but it is worth remembering that very often, because of its structure, it smokes. Therefore, if you decide to make a fire from the bark, it is better to use it on the grill, and not in the home oven.
In addition, there are many ways to use the bark in the country, but they all require additional costs or special equipment.
For example, valuable bark pellets can be pressed from bark, which keep heat well, produce organic-mineral fertilizers, used as an additive in special substrates, etc.
Sawdust is not plant waste when cutting or clearing, but there are those after sawing. If you have special woodworking equipment in your garage or shed, then using different wood in the country house you will get sawdust at the same time. A lot of them will remain after cutting the old orchard, which we have already broken into stumps, branches and bark.
The use of sawdust can be very broad, but we will mention only those areas where we benefit most.
- First of all, sawdust is a quality mulch, and not only in the garden or in the garden, but also for ornamental and even house plants;
- Sawdust - excellent insulation. It is clear that to warm the ceiling of a country house or a floor in a barn, they will need a lot, but this idea is worth remembering;
- Do not forget about this material in the case of growing mushrooms in the country, because an excellent substrate is being prepared from sawdust;
- Also, they can be littered with small domestic living creatures, as a warming and drying layer, for example, in rabbitry, in a cage with nutria, or even to your dog in an aviary;
- The use of sawdust is possible as organic fertilizer;
- Fuel pellets can be obtained from them, but here again special equipment is needed, as in the production of cement-bonded chipboard or other blocks for construction;
- It is worth using sawdust in repair work or during construction. Having mixed sawdust with PVA glue, you get a good putty for large cracks in the wood. Also, such a mixture can be used to coat joints between OSB panels, then they will become generally invisible.
Is there any benefit from fallen leaves
The benefits of fallen leaves have been known for a long time, and only an inexperienced summer resident can collect them into piles and simply burn them, forcing their neighbors to breathe caustic smoke from the fire. We decided to tell you how to use the fallen leaves in the country with the greatest benefit:
- Leaf humus is an excellent fertilizer that helps structure the soil;
- A mixture of fallen leaves and weeds without roots and seeds, which rot in a plastic bag - a substrate for early plantings and home plants;
- Leaves can serve as a shelter for the soil. Heating, elimination of weathering and leaching, moisture preservation;
- Fallen leaves are suitable for the preparation of high-quality compost, if you add them to a properly constructed pit in a small amount;
- Large leaves with a dense structure are used to cover the winter for many plants of the garden, as well as flowers in flowerbeds.
There are additional uses for the leaves, but they are all associated with fertilizer or soil concealment. Do not just use the nut leaves, as according to the observations of many summer residents, due to the content of juglons in them, they can have a negative impact.
Although there is a controversial point, it is the nut leaf that helps keep some plants warm, completely eliminating the occurrence of fungus and mold.
How to apply a corn stalk
Cultivation of corn in the country is not interesting for everyone, and even those who plant this plant on the territory of a country garden do it for different purposes.
Many people like boiled young corn cobs, which can be nibbled with salt or added to salads. But quite a few people grow corn for feed to birds and other dacha animals. Therefore, it is worth noting that the crop is harvested at different times, and therefore the plant residues of corn will be in a different state.
Green corn stalk is great for the production of feed in livestock, so you should not immediately throw them away. From the stems, you can even prepare an excellent winter feeding, which is called silage. But let us say at once that few of the dacha owners are engaged in such matters, and for this, green mass is needed quite a lot.
But it also happens that corn stalks stand until the autumn, and even completely dry out in the garden. It does not matter, and you should not cut them down and burn, because the dense structure of the dry stem makes it quite strong. Due to this, the corn stalk becomes the material for building temporary fences in the household yard, or even the material for garden paths in cold autumn weather, when it is damp and dirty under your feet.
Stalks serve excellently as a covering material for berry bushes, in the form of litter in a compost heap, as well as for winding young trees in the garden. Even summer residents-old-timers argue that if corn stalks are laid tightly and in several rows on a bed, then the land in this place does not freeze over, and this particular place is most suitable for early plantings.
How to care for the soil (video)
Straw in the country garden
Straw can safely be considered plant residues, because it is a stem of cereal plants, from which we, in the first place, need only grain. But few people grow in the country culture, which give the straw, except that rye on the siderata. But here we can not wait for straw, because siderats are used in full after mowing.
But straw in the country is not only necessary, but even necessary. There are many tips related to straw, thanks to which cultures grow much better than before.
It is clear that straw can be used for animal feed and on bedding, for draining certain areas and for sheltering plants, but most often straw is used in the following cases:
- Creating a surface layer, something like a substrate through which almost everything grows perfectly. In this case, the moisture from the soil does not go away, the temperature is stable, the weeds practically do not make their way through it. And also a lot of useful worms are put under the straw, responsible for loosening the soil;
- The lower layers of straw in the beds are additional fertilizer, which is also a huge plus;
- Good straw for growing potatoes. This is the best material for the beds, which will now have a good harvest, and the earth will become very soft by the time of harvest;
- Straw is also suitable for warming beds with plants, but care must be taken to ensure that it does not get too heavy, otherwise the straw may begin to subside, and this is not very good.
Sunflower and Jerusalem artichoke stalks
Many are trying to get rid of Jerusalem artichoke, as this plant grows too quickly on the dacha. But there are many advantages from it, as, in principle, from sunflowers. We will not talk about the beneficial properties or taste qualities, but will only confirm that you can use dry stems of these plants in the same way as dry corn stems.
In the country, you can usefully apply a lot, and even plant residues. Roots, bark and leaves of trees, as well as plant stems, straw, and even petals of dried flowers, from which jam, tea, and some medicines can be used. Therefore, do not rush to throw away what has already yielded a harvest, because any plant can still serve you, even if it has died and dried.
The use of vegetable garbage and residues at the cottage is a good topic for practical summer residents, and we very much hope that this article will be useful for you. If you know other ways to use plant residues, or we forgot to mention something important, be sure to write about it in the comments to the article.