Among the many varieties of tomatoes grown in domestic climatic conditions, the most popular high-yielding varieties. These include tomato Black Elephant.
Characteristics of tomato Black Elephant
Special attention is given to the characteristics of this variety. With proper care from 1 square. m can get up to 9 kg of vegetables. The weight of each fruit can reach 350 g.
Description of tomato The Black Elephant has a lot in common with the characteristics of its close relatives: Pink, Orange and Sugar Elephants. However, there are a number of features that highlight the "black" grade. In part, this concerns fruits. They are large, ribbed, slightly flattened down, with a distinctly noticeable dark speck at the stem. Special attention is the color of the vegetable: the fruit of the plant is green or red-brown.
The leaves of the plant are dark green, "potato". The number of shoots is large (requires molding).
The variety is early ripening. Fruits ripen in just 110-115 days from planting. By harvest, the bush of the Black Elephant reaches about 1.6 m in height.
Advantages and disadvantages
The most significant advantages of the variety, as described, are:
- fleshy fruit;
- disease resistance;
- vegetable flavor;
- wide range of applications.
This one-year culture has its drawbacks. So, tomatoes Black Elephant, need frequent watering. Without constant feed, the bush dries quickly. The disadvantages of the variety also include sensitivity to climatic conditions and the type of fertilizer.
It is better to use fruits of this grade fresh
When planting seeds for seedlings, it is important to go through a series of steps:
- Soak the seeds in potassium permanganate. This procedure allows you to remove the "empty" seeds (they pop up) and leave only healthy planting material capable of germination.
- Moisten the soil before sowing.
- Cover with plastic and place small pots or cups of seeds in a warm place. Such greenhouse conditions stimulate germination.
- As soon as sprouts appear, put the film away and put the containers for a few days in a cool, well-lit place.
While the seeds are germinated in the greenhouse, polyethylene is removed from the pot once a day, giving the soil access to oxygen. Gardeners also recommend periodically removing droplets of condensate formed on the inside of the film.
It is important not to let the soil dry out. Water for irrigation should not be cold. Before sprouting sprouts it is sprayed on the ground.
As soon as 2-3 leaves appear on the seedlings, it dives. It is better to do this in a tank with peat. Hurrying with the landing in open ground is not worth it. Young seedlings are very demanding for climatic conditions, they need a gradual hardening, so after a dive the seedlings are carried out on the balcony or on the street for 1-2 hours a day. Already in April, it can be planted in a greenhouse, but the planting in open ground is started no earlier than early June.
Planting seedlings in the calf is made in the spring, in April-May. It is best to plant 2 bushes per 1 square. m, but if the formation of plants is in 1 stalk, it is permissible to plant and 3 bush. The black elephant is characterized by high growth rates, therefore its stems are tied to reliable supports. When fruits appear on a bush, they are tied up.
Feeding is best during the flowering period. Nitrogen fertilizer is used for this. When the first ovaries appear, they bring in:
- organic fertilizers;
- magnesium sulfate;
It is important to carry out preventive measures against diseases and pests. Manganese and copper sulfate are best suited for these purposes.
Black tomatoes (the best varieties of tomatoes) Black-fruited tomatoes. ZEFIR IN CHOCOLATE AND BLACK PRINCE. Sweet varieties. Tomato varieties "Pink elephant" and "Viagra"
When growing in a greenhouse, it is important that the plants receive clean air, therefore, the greenhouses should be aired once every 2-3 days. During this period, it is important to systematically loosen the soil so that oxygen quickly reaches the root system of tomatoes. Also, the bushes can be transplanted into open ground, taking care of the soil fertility in the area in advance. It is worth doing it only if the weather is warm, dry and sunny outside. Watering the seedlings is produced with warm settled water. Tomatoes love moisture, but do not tolerate its excess. Frequent watering ruins the plants.
The black elephant has an exotic appearance and good fertility qualities.
Before cultivation, you should study in advance all the features of care for such tomatoes. The plant is capricious and requires assistance in the garter, molding, pasynkovane, as well as feeding.
Black Elephant Tomatoes are known for their gigantic size and unusual color.