The main reason why gardeners build greenhouses in their gardens is the desire to eat something natural, environmentally friendly. Armed with this thought, gardeners enthusiastically begin to plan, mark up and build a future nurse. But when it comes to planting and harvesting, many begin to be tormented by doubts as to how to plant better than to fertilize and others.
Naturally, everyone wants to get a big crop, which is enough for the whole year, so some, forgetting about their original motives, begin to fertilize the land in the greenhouse with inorganic substances (chemical or other fertilizers). But then, the harvest is not quite environmentally friendly.
How to maintain the distinction between a large crop and an environmentally friendly crop, what should be the land in the greenhouse, what are the fundamentals and rules of cultivation in the greenhouse?
Inorganic farming involves growing plants in neutral substrates (expanded clay, sand, peat, sawdust, perlite) or in general without soil and substrates (the roots of plants hang in the air and are sprayed from time to time with nutrients). More than all the development of such cultivation paid attention to Jacob Mittlayder. Cons of inorganic farming:
- Fertilizers, especially quality ones, are not cheap at all.
- It is difficult to keep the line between excess fertilizer and the right amount of it. With an excess fertilizer, the plant develops even worse than without any fertilizer.
- Any fertilizer affects the soil and is absorbed by plants in different ways and it is virtually impossible to control how this happens without a laboratory.
Organic farming implies that the plants must feed the soil, and the soil - the plants.
In the first years after the construction of the greenhouse, you can feed the soil with basalt flour, wood ash, lime flour. When you prepare the land for the greenhouse, add peat mixtures to it, domesticated garden land, compost, river sand, manure, clay, and cereal straw. All these components will help to enrich the land in the greenhouse with useful trace elements.
What should be the ground in the greenhouse
It often happens that all these components are inaccessible for one reason or another, in which case you can buy ready-made soil mixture for the greenhouse. This is a more expensive method, but faster. Most often for greenhouses it is recommended to use components in such proportions:
- 1 part of garden or sod land
- 1 part river sand
- 2 pieces of humus
- 5 pieces of peat
- At 1 m3 of this mixture should be added 3 kg. to lime.
This relationship is not the only correct, it can be changed in one direction or another, as long as you get loose, air- and water-permeable soil at the output. Change the soil in the greenhouse should be every 5-7 years, in addition, after each harvest it is necessary to clean the land from bacteria and pests (steaming, freezing or treating with antibacterial drugs). These are very costly measures, so it is quite logical what their summer residents units do. If you also do not want to do this, the following recommendations will be useful to you:
- Do not grow the same plants in the same place.
- Find out which vegetables complement each other and help grow.
- There are plants that can protect
- Your crop from pests, do not regret the place, plant them too.
- Do not forget to mulch the beds.
If you follow these principles and rules, then the land in the greenhouse will help you grow a good harvest.