By and large, the summer kitchen has much in common with those buildings that are already in our country house, and most of all resembles a garden gazebo, with a barbecue stove inside. We talked about it in this article. But it has some differences, which you will learn in the process of reading the material.
What is the summer kitchen for summer cottage
This facility is a place for cooking in the spring, summer and autumn, when there is no desire to get into a hot house, and even to make it smell from cooking and frying. There can be installed furniture for rest, a table for eating, a set of chairs or benches, as well as a stove, an electric stove, cabinets, shelves, in general, all that is available in the ordinary country kitchen. But all this is in the open air, where it is very pleasant not only to have lunch or dinner, but also just to sit in good company.
We can not say that the summer kitchen is mandatory construction, as the same garage or cellar, which have a special purpose. But if you want to feel increased comfort, and you just like to enjoy nature at your own summer cottage, this object should be well thought out and started building.
Types of buildings
A room of this kind can be divided into several types according to the materials of construction:
We also recommend to read: Plastic cellar. The most simple and inexpensive brazier made of bricks with their own hands (10 photos) Furniture made of logs with their own hands (22 photos) Winter gazebo
- wood, the main building material of which is glued timber, log, rounded log;
- from metal - simple frame structures, which are easily assembled and disassembled, can be moved from one place to another;
- buildings of budgetary type, when all the available material is involved in the construction - the base is made of wood, the metal stands of the base, and so on;
- Brick, in which auxiliary construction material is wood or metal.
In addition, the facilities can be divided into open and closed kitchens, which in the cold season turn into winter constructions by glazing openings and installing doors. In this regard, in order to understand what we are talking about, we recommend that you read the articles on the insulation of a gazebo and the modernization of the veranda. There are many stages in which the buildings intersect.
Choosing a place for construction
This structure may take up little or a lot of space, be round, oval, square, rectangular, and, in general, of irregular shape. Therefore, the place under the kitchen should be chosen simultaneously with the construction project.
It is necessary to pay attention to the convenience of the location:
- Remoteness of the construction site from the entrance to the house, from the economic yard, garden, other objects and territories;
- Heating zone construction. You can build a kitchen in the shade of the garden, but in such a way that at least half of the day it is heated by the sun's rays;
- It is worth thinking about the wind, drafts, it will not be very pleasant to rest when the cold walks on your legs.
Also, it is necessary to study the topography of the place where you are going to start construction, the ground, the groundwater level at the dacha (which you recommend reading here), plants around, distance from neighbors, other factors.
Do-it-yourself summer kitchen
Just want to advise reading the article on the construction of the terrace in the country. She will give you some knowledge of construction, moreover, there are mentioned design works that are very important before the start of such an important process.
It is necessary to decide in time with all the materials that will be involved in the construction site (we advise you to familiarize yourself with this article in more detail with building materials for dacha), because the final result depends on them.
Today we offer you to build a kitchen, the basis of which will be brick, and the frame of wood.
Choosing a foundation
There is reason to believe that for such a structure, it is not necessary for us to fill in a concrete platform or drive a capital belt of concrete, because only partially the summer kitchen will consist of bricks, the whole of its top is a wooden frame and a light roof. Therefore, we will not dig huge pits or hammer piles, but we will do a little.
Calculate the construction area according to the project and markup support pillars. We propose to build on the six pillars, as most often the kitchen is rectangular. Naturally, the pillars go in 2 rows of 3 pillars. But we have a building with a brick base, which means that the pillars will not all go off the ground, some of which will begin with a brickwork.
The installation of the foundation is determined by the plan, but what will be the pits and trenches, depends only on the selected material. We have a brick and wooden poles, which means:
- Under the brickwork we dig trenches by marking the wall. The trench depth is 40-50 cm, width is 30-40 cm, the length is strictly along the length of the wall;
- Under the supporting pillars of wood, we dig a pit, the depth of which is at least 60-70 cm, and the size itself is about 40x40 cm.
Next, install the pillars in the pits and align them, and in trenches arrange a strip foundation, which necessarily intersects with the pillars. There is a positive point here, because twice the solution does not have to be prepared, everything can be poured with one composition.
When the tape is ready and the main pillars are installed, go to the device site.
Summer kitchen area
The site on which the furniture, equipment and accessories will be installed should be solid and level, but always on high ground. Therefore, we propose to arrange it from paving slabs. Here we want to recommend an article about laying paving slabs, from which you can learn a lot of useful things. Who does not want to be distracted from the process, will receive some of the information here too.
Inside the marked area, that is, inside the zone, fenced with pillars and strip foundation, we dig a small trench, about 20 cm deep. Naturally, we do this only after our foundation is completely dry!
We put sand into the ready pit and roll it well. The layer of sand should be at least 5-7 cm. If there is no special heavy rink for this case, you can just trample around the area to maximally compress the sand.
Also, you can slightly moisten it in the process of trampling.
You can adjust the depth of the pit yourself, depending on the size of the tile. We need to pavement lay on the sand, and after installation was raised above the general ground level by about 5 cm. From this and push off.
When the sand is pressed, proceed to laying paving slabs, and maybe decorative stone, depending on what you chose for the site.
While the foundation dries and takes the necessary strength, and depending on the brand of concrete, this process may take several weeks, we suggest arranging a blind area around the site.
Blind area for summer kitchen
How to make a quality blind area, you can always read here, but in this article we decided to mention it.
A blind area for summer kitchen is needed, and this requirement is not at all our whim.
It is clear that the building will be built somewhere in the garden or on the lawn territory, and therefore we need some space around to give decorativeness, as well as to protect the foundation from excessive moisture. Upon completion of the blind area, you yourself will understand how nice it looks.
For laying walls we need to re-mark the territory. Check everything out according to plan and install beacons! Now everything is ready for work, of course, if the material is purchased.
Initially, prepare the cement mortar. It is desirable to use a concrete mixer for this, because in the process of constant mixing the solution is of the highest quality, it does not stratify into cement and aggregate, water is not collected from above. If there is no concrete mixer, then there is a reason to read an article about how to make a concrete mixer, and with your own hands. If it is already working, stack the bricks near the construction site and proceed.
Brick laying is standard, with half a brick, as we do not need a more complex one and a half brick dressing or multi-row dressing. After laying, the grouting, wiping the material, when the solution gets a little tight, and waiting for it to solidify.
If you have a more serious construction plan, the laying may be different from the one proposed by us. Also, in a similar case, we would recommend to install special mortgages at once into the brickwork, so that later it would be easier to work with supporting pillars.
We have already installed the pillars for the project, but several of the notoriously defined yet. They are installed on top of the brickwork.
To fix the pillars on the upper boundary of the masonry, you can fix a timber or beam, from which the pillars will rise up.
When all the pillars for the roof structure are installed, we need to bandage them, which will give the necessary strength to the entire structure. Connections occur with the participation of the same wooden beam.
It is very important that all levels be strictly observed in this work, unless it is only those deviations that are written in the work plan. So it will be much easier for you to work with the installation of the frame of the roof and roof.
First of all, we need to choose the roofing material and the method of its installation, for which we recommend to study this article. But it is also important to build on the strength of the frame, and choose a roof that will fully comply with the weight.
Before installing the roof, depending on your choice, you need to prepare the base for the material, make the sheathing, taking into account structural features. Here it is also necessary to foresee a slope that will allow water from the roof to leave unhindered. Also, it is worth reading the article about drains to maximally protect the blind area and the perimeter of the building from falling water from the roof.
Composite tile, metal tile (there are similarities, but also differences), shingles, polycarbonate, slate, corrugated board, folded roofing and others can be in the form of a roof. But since we decided to use lightweight materials, we offer you shingles. It should be laid very correctly, because the technology of working with shingles involves not only a quality base under the material, but also a special bias so that the same hail cannot penetrate it, falling into plane with great speed.
But you can use and decking or polycarbonate, then, however, will have to build a frame for the roof a little differently.
Summer kitchen to give in the form of an arbor (video)
Interior decoration and arrangement
What do we need inside? Cozy atmosphere and beauty, comfort and harmony, which will help make your time more enjoyable. To do this, we already have a lot - an almost finished structure, where it remains only to place furniture and some accessories. What of the finishing?
Here, to your own taste. Ready floor, a few brick walls, a frame made of wood, roof. All this should be put in order, namely:
- Wipe seams between paving slabs;
- Check how well the jointing of the brick was achieved;
- Hem the roof, so to speak, to make the ceiling;
- To varnish or paint the wooden parts of the kitchen in order to prolong their service life with such protection.
Now it remains only to engage in the internal arrangement.
We need a good oven for cooking a variety of dishes. Therefore, we build it or simply install it in a convenient place. We also have an interesting article on this topic.
There can be installed a barbecue oven, which we are talking about, a brazier, and even a cast-iron cooking stove.
Now the furniture. You can always buy it, or build it yourself, as we have done before. We recommend you to add additional amenities with soft furniture, for example, a couple of chairs, where you can even take a nap on a quiet summer evening.
Shelves, shelves, rolling tables - all these are accessories that you also need in the summer kitchen, but pay attention to the dishes, other kitchen utensils, and the ability to store food, which will require a refrigerator. It can be useful, and other kitchen appliances, and therefore it should immediately provide a comfortable place.
We did not say that communication is necessary in the room, but we hope that you yourself remember that. If not, we will help you with several articles that will tell in detail about water supply, sewage systems, the possibility of water heating, as well as high-quality decorative lighting, which, by the way, can be done independently!
Summer kitchen in the country, as well as its arrangement - work, which is associated only with its own future convenience. Do not be lazy, and the result will surely meet all expectations. If something remains unclear, be sure to ask questions at the DachaDecor.ru website in the Answers to the Questions section!