Classical stock-rose is considered a tall plant, the leaves of which resemble leaves of zucchini, mallow flowers have a similar structure. Now, thanks to the work of breeders, more than 50 types of stock-roses have been developed, which differ in height, structure and color.
The stock rose is a perennial one, which is why it is so loved for its simplicity and good germination. The length of the stem of the plant exceeds 1.5 m. The lower part of the rose is covered with wide leaves, and flower buds start from about the middle and begin to bloom from June until late autumn.
Mallow flowers can be like buds of poppies, peonies. They also differ in color shades, which may be white, pink, crimson, yellow, purple (almost black), red in the mallow.
Growing stock roses
The perennial stock-rose feature allows you to grow it by planting just 1 time. All this thanks to the seeds that remain after the bud ceases to bloom. They grow from the buds and thus multiply rapidly, because 1 bud contains more than 20 seeds. But if the flowers are not simple, but hybrids, then you will need to re-plant the flowers every year or every 2 years.
This is due to the fact that the seeds of the plant, ripening in the bud, do not transmit the hybrid feature, and next year as a result, the usual classical mallow will grow, and not the plant that was planted initially.
How to grow a rose, so that the plant was distinguished by a violent flowering and pleased with its appearance? A rose, growing from seeds of which is considered the most popular way, will quickly grow and will delight the eye with its flowering. It is necessary to grow a rose in this way in the late spring and early summer. Seeding is done in specially prepared wells, which must be well moistened before.
You need to fold the seeds with a distance of 10-15 cm from each other. You can sow a little thicker, and then remove the extra shoots. The holes themselves should be made no more than 4 cm deep. Under favorable weather conditions, the first shoots of the stem-rose will appear 14 days after seeding.
The stem-rose does not tolerate transplantation by transplanting, therefore, in order to be able to carry seedlings, it is necessary to sow seeds in special containers (plastic, polyethylene or peat).
As a rule, mallow blooms the next year after landing in the ground. To achieve flowering in the first year, you need to sow the rose in pots at the end of winter and plant it in the ground in May.
From the seeds of flowering roses will be in the second year. This perennial beauty will delight in a riot of flowers on one stalk, which will be collected in small inflorescences. The buds themselves will be quite large (more than 12 cm in diameter) and have a bell-shaped bloom. Roses begin to bloom from below, after the lower buds have blossomed, the upper ones begin to bloom, and so on until the very autumn.
After the bud blooms, seeds appear in it, which need to be collected (when the bud turns yellow) and dried at home. An interesting feature of this plant is its remarkable ability to pollinate. So, if you plant several types of mallow next to it, which has different color shades, then as a result you can get flowers with different shades on the same plant.
Stock rose care
Mallow differs relative unpretentiousness to weather conditions, but be sure to consider a few recommendations before planting a plant. Stock-rose loves places well lit by the sun and absolutely does not tolerate shaded areas of the garden. It will grow in dark places, but it is unlikely to bloom. The soil should be fertile, and watering - not plentiful. If the plant is in high humidity conditions, its root system may start to rot.
If you choose the right place for sowing a rose, then it will have a long stem and large thick buds (more than 120 pieces on 1 stem). In order for the plant not to hurt and to keep it blooming for as long as possible, you need to remove the buds that have bloomed.
Good for roses is fertilizing with nitrogen fertilizers. Since the height of the plant sometimes reaches 2 m, it should be tied up or planted near high hedges, since during bad weather the stem can simply break. There are low-growing stock-rose varieties whose height does not exceed 30 cm. Such flowers are suitable for planting on flowerbeds and do not require tying and additional support.
Mallow root system is not afraid of unfavorable neighborhood of weeds, but does not tolerate high frost very well.
In order to protect the plant before severe frosts, it is necessary to cut the stems in the fall and cover the plant with leaves or straw.
Sometimes white leaves or other undesirable changes can be noticed on the leaves of a rose-rose, it is necessary to treat the plant with special preparations. After all, mallow can often be struck by disease - powdery mildew, rust. To avoid this, it is necessary to avoid an excess of soil moisture and treat the seeds before planting, using antifungal agents.
Stock-rose: proper seed sowing (video)
Medicinal properties of the plant
Various infusions are prepared from the leaves of this plant, which are used as a treatment for the organs of the gastrointestinal tract. Mallow infusions with various diseases of the throat and oral cavity help well, as the main features of the plant are anti-inflammatory and expectorant properties.
With the help of mallow leaves they treat:
- respiratory diseases.
The stem-rose, planted on the garden plot, will perfectly cope with the weeds around, destroying them with its rhizome. The flower will delight the beauty of lush buds and medicinal features.
Stock-rose (mallow): characteristics and agricultural technology (video)
Gallery: stock-rose (15 photos)