How to make the beds yourself? A smart bed is a competent approach to the process of growing garden crops. This method of agricultural engineering combines the principles of organic farming and the ability to give its site an aesthetically attractive appearance. As a result, you can get an amazing result - a high yield of organic vegetables on a small plot of land.
Advantages of arrangement of smart beds:
How to make smart beds in the country
There are several types of smart beds in the country, they differ in the way they are organized:
- high constructions;
- french beds.
Many people are able to equip high beds in the country with their own hands. This method of growing vegetables provides the most maximum result without digging. The soil is disturbed only during planting and harvesting. In the rest of the period, she is in complete peace. Soil enrichment with useful microelements occurs only by adding organic substances, and the weeding process is replaced by mulching.
High beds are arranged by laying layers of compost and mulch on the ground. Decomposing, organics feeds plants with moisture and nutrients. As a result, ideal conditions are created for beneficial microorganisms and earthworms. High bulk beds are also called puff, as they are made up of several layers of organic matter.
How to equip high beds in the garden? The technology is available for every summer resident:
In-depth smart beds: technology arrangement
If in the garden plot the groundwater flows deeply, there is no danger of flooding the compost box, the procedure for creating the structure can be simplified by deepening it into the ground. The advantage of the in-depth design is that you can equip it directly in the virgin soil, without thinking about the development of the soil and other agricultural difficulties.
How best to make in-depth regular beds in the garden, so that they are comfortable and roomy? If the place is chosen, then you need to dig a hole, the width of which is about 50 cm, depth - the spade bayonet. The length completely depends on personal preferences and possibilities. The bottom of the trench is covered with manure, finished compost is laid over (layer height not less than 7 cm). After planting, the soil must be mulched to eliminate active weed growth.
Care of such beds is the timely watering and cleaning of grass from the aisle.
French beds for skilled summer residents
French beds also belong to the category of "smart", they have the correct geometric shape and are arranged in strict symmetry. As a rule, the following forms of beds are found:
- a rectangle divided by paths into squares;
- circle divided into sections.
How to arrange the French beds yourself? All plants are planted in clear lines. In the process of landing, the basic requirements of the color scheme and floristics are observed. French beds are always framed by elegant borders of metal, wood or stone. Rules of arrangement will be as follows:
Hill slopes and tire constructions
Do not be upset if the plot is located on a hillside. In such areas, you can also successfully arrange smart beds. The question of what and how to make the rows on the slope is the proper selection of space. The best option for smart beds on the slope - arrangement across the slope. The length is chosen at will, and the width should not exceed 50 cm. The edges of each construction are supported by rollers from the ground with a height of 10 cm. To fix the earthen ramparts, perennial grasses are planted on them. The beds on the slope must be made with polycarbonate formwork, for this purpose wooden boards or slate are used.
Watering the beds on the slope also has its own specifics: a barrel of water is installed on the edge of the garden, from which drip pipes lead to the beds. This method will help to ensure high-quality watering with a minimum of water consumption. The plants should be placed on the bed in such a way that each crop would receive full sunlight throughout the day.
How to build the correct beds using tires? You can view photos online. If the beds of tires are located in 1 tier, the tires are cut in half and use the halves as limiters. Previously, they can be painted in any color, giving the garden an aesthetically appealing look.
When setting up many-tier smart beds in a tire garden, they adhere to the following technology:
- holes are cut in the side;
- the tire is stuffed with layers of earth and fertilizer;
- install tires in the form of a pyramid;
- it is not necessary to do in the upper tire of the holes.
Now you know how to make the beds. Options for arranging a comfortable garden a lot. If desired, you can cope with the work over the weekend. Spending quite a bit of time, you can get a decent harvest without unnecessary trouble.
Smart bed (video)
Gallery: smart beds (15 photos)