An article from the column "Calendar of gardeners, gardeners, florists."
What work do gardeners need to do in September?
Your garden: work of the month.
There is a lot to do in the garden: we are harvesting, planting berry bushes, strawberries, tidying up the garden plantations.
We collect and clean apples for storage
When picking apples, do not shake or knock them off the branches. Injured they will not be stored for a long time. The apple should be carefully, without pressure, to take in your hand and just turn it clockwise or counterclockwise, and it will come off.
Fruits affected by fruit rot or bitter pitting (even with pinpoint lesions) cannot be stored.
We harvest apples.
The fruits affected by scab at the beginning of summer can be stored well. But if the defeat is caused by a late scab, for example, in August, the fruits in the storehouse will rot. Fruits damaged by a moth or second-generation moth also rot.
We plant strawberries, berry bushes
If you did not have time to plant the strawberries in August, try to do this until mid-September, so that before the cold weather begins, she will have time to get accustomed.
The main care for strawberries in September is watering, powdering of bare roots, release of strawberry hearts, loosening the spacing.
In early September, prepare pits for planting fruit trees to plant seedlings in early October.
In saplings of berry bushes, prune broken branches after leaf fall. Cut off and burn the ends of the shoots affected by powdery mildew. It is better to plant them from September 20 to October 10. In the autumn when planting berries do not cut, except raspberries, which pruning increases winter hardiness.
You can sprinkle the ground with horizontal slips of currant, gooseberry, honeysuckle, black chokeberry for breeding.
If in the spring you have done the layering of shrubs, at the end of September you can dig them up and plant strong seedlings with roots no shorter than 20 cm at a permanent place. Weak ones are for growing more.
Shoot non-frost resistant raspberry varieties at the end of September, bend gently to the ground along the row and tie up to the next bush.
For the prevention of disease, you can spray bushes with 1% Bordeaux mixture.
Catcher belt on tree trunks.
To protect the trees from the winter moth, the females of which, in the late fall, climb up the stem to lay eggs on the leaves, put glue rings or cardboard funnels that are slanted downward with a non-drying glue from the inside.
We process tree trunks and bushes
An important autumn event is the digging of the soil in the stalk circles of fruit trees and berry bushes. It is necessary for loosening the soil, for the penetration of air and moisture into it.
In addition, digging the soil in the garden violates the conditions of overwintering pests - sawflies, caterpillars and pupae of harmful butterflies. Some of them fall during digging into the depth and will not be able to get out in the spring, some of them turn over to the surface of the soil and die from frost.
Do not deeply dig the soil under the trees, so as not to damage the fibrous roots. Enough easy loosening of the upper layer.
If you do not dig up the soil in the fall, you will have to do it in the spring, when there will be a lot in the garden. But most importantly, you will timely provide the beneficial activities of microorganisms that create fertile soil.
In spring, the soil processed in the autumn is enough to rabor up and down.
When digging in the autumn, it is necessary to add rotted manure or compost to the clay soil. They can be replaced with blackened sawdust or chopped straw.
Fresh sawdust must first be enriched with one of the nitrogen-containing fertilizers:
Three buckets of sawdust pour solution (3 tablespoons per bucket of water).
After that, enriched sawdust folded in a pile and cover with a film - for a month. Bring them in 2 buckets per square. m of clay soil or 10 square meters. m loamy soil.
We process pristvolny circles.
If you could not make manure or compost and you do not have sawdust, stick fresh stalks and leaves of perennial lupine, beans, beans, beet tops and carrots on the bayonet of a shovel - this is a good organic fertilizer.
Crushed stalks of marigolds and marigolds, embedded in the soil, clean it from pests and fungal diseases.
Together with organic fertilizer make coarse-grained river sand. Some gardeners replace it with construction sand, which contributes to soil compaction.
In the fall, the roots of apple and pear grow intensively. They need to feed: 1 square. m 3-5 kg of organics, 10-12 g of potash, 30-40 g of superphosphate. Fertilizers are applied for digging pristvolnyh circles. The land should be pre-watered.
Do not forget to mow the lawn before winter. If this is not done, in spring it will be difficult for the grass to germinate through the sod and it will rise unevenly.
Spend the last weeding under the trees and berry bushes at the end of the month and leave the weeds right there in place.
For more information about the treatment of pristvolny circles can be read here.
Watering or not watering garden trees in September
It is impossible to water the trees in September: this can cause secondary growth of shoots and their possible freezing in winter. In long dry weather, you can water the young, not fruiting trees.
At young apples and pears, pinch strongly growing shoots so that the wood ripens before the onset of severe frost. Liana cut in October, so there was no poke.
Conduct sanitary pruning of trees. Cut to the ring (up to the ring influx at the base of the branch) all dried and diseased branches. Cover all sections with a garden pitch. Remove or loosen the film on the budding and grafted cuttings.
What works are expected in September gardeners
Your garden: work of the month.
September is an autumn month, but it’s full of summer worries: you need to water and feed vegetable beds, it’s not too late to plant some crops:
- Japanese cabbage
In a word, if we are going to extend the vegetable season until late autumn, we won't have to sit back, there is still much to do. So what work should be done in the garden in September?
We begin to prepare the soil for the next year's harvest
So the summer has passed ... True, there are still many warm days ahead. It is warm, not hot, when the sun does not want to go.
In September, the spring performance will return to us. Yes, and time for irrigation, loosening takes much less than in summer. And this is the way. After all, there is so much to do: to find the use of the grown crop, and to restore the tired land for the next season.
Preparation of beds.
The latter is perhaps no less important than the first. Therefore, if the cucumbers in the garden have ceased to please you (the leaves have turned yellow, there is no increase, and therefore no harvest), do not wait for the whips to dry completely. Loosen the bed, add half a pitch of compost or humus, a tablespoon of complex fertilizer per square meter, dig and sow with green manure.
If you plan to plant early-season vegetables on this plot next season or plant potatoes, the following will be suitable as green manure:
Before the onset of stable cold weather, these siderats will be shallowed into the soil and in spring you will have a garden bed with rested, fertilized soil.
If you are going to take a cucumber bed in May by solanaceous crops, plant tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants here, then you can sow a plot with winter rye to be buried in the spring in the soil.
Cucumbers are considered good forerunners of garlic. Therefore, you can prepare the vacated bed for this culture. This must be done in advance so that the soil in the garden has time to settle, and the teeth after The cages did not draw into excessive depth.
On the released beds we introduce humus.
Pour into a bucket of humus or compost, a tablespoon of superphosphate and potassium sulfate (or a spoonful of nitrophoska) and dig up shovels on the bayonet. The beds are leveled, and if the ground is dry, then they are watered in order to provoke the germination of weeds and destroy them before planting garlic.
Do you want to get an autumn harvest of radish, lettuce, dill on the released bed? This is also an option: and the change of cultures gives the soil a rest. Just harvesting radish, leave the tops in the garden: let it at least partially return the "debts" to the soil.
Do not try to keep on the beds until the frost gave up their main crop of tomato bushes of early varieties. The few immature fruits can be used (canned, put on the ripening), and the plants that have been ground with a shovel can be laid in a compost or in a lower layer in a bed.
But only healthy plants can be crushed and laid in compost. Sick plants will have to burn.
We clean, take care, hurry ...
If you do not have a refrigerator for winter stocks, do not rush to harvesting root crops intended for storage. In the basements it will still be warm for a long time and it does not make sense to lower the vegetables there - they will start to wither.
And even more so do not rush to dig parsnips: the later you remove, the weightier the roots. They can be dug even after frosts, and some can be left on the garden in the winter - for the spring table or getting seeds.
Once again we dope the stalked celery. And in order to make the stalks juicier and more tender, we feed the celery with a mullein extract, adding a tablespoon of complex fertilizers (10 liters) to it.
Continue to leek. If we see that it grows thickly after all our thinning, we pull out the plants weaker and use for culinary purposes. Spud plants again to get larger bleached legs.
We continue to care for summer planting cucumbers, seedless and indeterminate tomatoes, peppers, eggplants: at least another month to be harvested.
If the cucumber has become a lot of fruit-monsters, feed them with organic infusion or mineral fertilizers: a teaspoonful of urea and potassium sulfate per square meter. m. You can spend foliar feeding with urea (1 g of fertilizer per liter of water).
In September, favorable conditions for the development of powdery mildew on cucumbers, zucchini, late blight on tomatoes.
We will not use chemical fungicides, since they have a long waiting period, and biological preparations (phytosporin-M. alirin-B) can be processed to help plants survive until the end of the season.
August sowing cucumbers so that they do not suffer from temperature changes, do not get sick, you can cover with non-woven material.
Fully cut the leaves of sorrel, if they are affected by powdery mildew. They still have time to grow.
Feed perennial vegetables
There will be no extra fertilizing (a tablespoon of autumnal complex mineral fertilizer per square meter) and for perennial vegetables: batun onion, slyzun, shnitt, sorrel, rhubarb, asparagus.
Adult rhubarb bush at the end of the month can be spread out. The excavated rhizome is cut with a knife so that each delenka has a good kidney and 1-2 large roots. We keep the roots in the sun for several hours to dry the wounds.
In the meantime, we are preparing the planting holes: digging them 80-100 cm apart, filling with compost or humus (3-5 kg), complex mineral fertilizer (up to two tablespoons per well) and pouring water well. Planted delenki mulch compost or humus.
Pay attention to cabbage
Taking into account the weather, reduced daylight, cool nights, we reduce irrigation for mid-season and late cabbage, otherwise cracking of heads is unavoidable. Beginning to crack heads, we immediately cut them off, not waiting for them to burst completely, and use them. You can ferment.
Do not break off the bottom leaves of cabbage. Some summer residents are convinced that such an operation helps the heads better to mature. This is a misconception.
But loosen cabbage aisles continue after each watering, rain. It stimulates the roots and, therefore, makes the cabbage more nutritious, tasty and juicy.
Cabbage in September can damage slugs: they really like the beginning of autumn weather. To reduce the number of these slippery pests, you will have to collect them manually (preferably with tweezers) early in the morning or in the evening from plants, sprinkle moist soil around the cabbage with mustard powder, and wood ash.
And, of course, lay out boards and rags next to the beds to destroy the slugs hidden under them in the mornings.
Hurry up to harvest before the rains.
At the end of the month in Brussels sprouts we cut the tip so that the plants send all the nutrients to the already-formed ko-chanchiki on the stalk.
On pumpkin weaves, pinch growing points so that no less than 5-7 leaves remain until the fruit. Reduce watering, giving grown pumpkins an opportunity to ripen. Pinch points of growth and melons.
Before the rains need to remove the onion
While dry and warm, remove the late varieties of onion, grown from seeds. The warm weather of September will allow it to dry well and protect it from neck rot.
The sun is not so merciless, so dug bulbs, laying one layer, can be dried directly on the garden. Bulbs from time to time agile. With well-dried bulbs loosely attached upper scales are easily peeled off; onions become clean and beautiful.
Do not forget about the potato
Without waiting for the rains, it is advisable to dig up potatoes and may planting. And yet, first make sure that the tubers have ripened, because this potato will be stored. The peel on the tubers should be dense, non-spacing-setting.
When digging potatoes do not throw in a bucket, and gently put. Injured tubers get sick easily.
After digging, we immediately dry the potatoes, scattering them in a thin layer, and then transfer them to the premises for 2-3 weeks. During this time, the wounds caused during harvesting are cicatrized on the tubers, and diseases appear.
We don’t rush to lower potatoes into the basement: it’s wet and warm there. Yes, and you need to prepare the storage for the reception of a new crop.
Feed plants July planting
In September, we continue to care for vegetables planted in the second half of summer. Blooming potatoes are fed with wood ash, scattering them between the rows. Immediately loosened and watered.
Feed the potatoes.
Instead of ash, you can use complex fertilizer for potatoes or simply with a reduced nitrogen content (tablespoon per sq. M). In the fall, the excess nitrogen for potatoes is especially dangerous: they increase the likelihood of plant damage by phytophthora.
We mix cauliflower and broccoli in July planting with a mixture of organic infusion (0.5 l) and complex mineral fertilizer (a tablespoon per 10 liters of water).
Daikon beds, radish sprinkled with wood ash. This and feeding, and protection against cruciferous pests.
It is advisable to cover cucumbers of August sowing with lutrasil in order to reduce the negative impact of daytime and daytime temperatures.
We collect the "herbarium" for the kitchen
Many spicy herbs are very sensitive to low temperatures. Parsley, dill, celery are still ahead of October, but basil, marjoram, melissa and other herbs are existing, not postponing.
Dried, they can grind on a coffee grinder and scatter in different jars. In winter, herbs can be mixed and used to season meat, fish, salads, soups, brew tea from them, add to pastry for cookies, etc.
Such homemade "spices" are undoubtedly better than purchased ones, because we know for sure that we did not add anything to them for taste and aroma.
Cropped basil can be dug and transplanted into a small pot filled with fertile soil mixture. If you cut the flower panicles in time, the plant will still delight you with fragrant leaves on the kitchen window.
Just do not delay the transplant in October: basil dies already with a short temperature drop to zero.
What to do in the flower garden
In early autumn, a lot of work and flower growers. Read about it on the next page.
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