Red currant

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Red currant is medium-sized and very popular decidary shrubs in our country. This plant is actively cultivated in the suburban areas, and its planting and cultivation is not difficult even for novice gardeners.

The best early, mid-season and late varieties of red currant

The average time of ripening of the crop of black currant depends not only on the varietal characteristics, but also on the correct technology of care, as well as on the soil and climatic characteristics in the cultivation region.

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Aging terms

Name of hybrid form or variety

Varietal characteristic

Early ripening red currant

"Victoria"

Highly productive, medium fruit, with good taste, for fresh consumption or preparation for the winter period

"Crystal"

Self-fertile, forms yellowish roundish fruits of medium size, it has a very balanced taste

"Firstborn"

With high winter hardiness, disease-resistant and highly productive, with pleasant sour-sweet fruits of medium size

"Serpentin"

With decent resistance to diseases and plant parasites, highly productive, forming large sour-sweet fruits, collected in long hands

"Chulkovskaya"

Old domestic early ripe variety of national selection, featuring a good level of winter hardiness and relative resistance to anthracnose damage

"Generous"

Highly productive, with high resistance to anthracnose and kidney mites, with pinkish-red, sour fruits

Mid-season redberry

"Versailles Red"

Productive and large-fruited, self-fertile, with red dense fruits suitable for fresh consumption and preparation for the winter period

"Rose"

Disease-resistant, dessert, with evened pinkish fruits of medium size and sweet dessert flavor

"Buzhanskaya"

Highly productive and resistant to mycosis, forms bright red large fruits used for fresh consumption, freezing and harvesting for the winter period

"Gazelle"

Highly productive and very winter-hardy, highly resistant to fungal infection, forms smallish, very tasty red fruits.

"Red Andreychenko"

Self-fertile winter-hardy and highly productive, with high resistance to fungal infection, forms red round fruits with a good sour-sweet taste

"Natali"

It is the result of cross-breeding and is self-fertile, forms a medium-sized red fruit with a pleasant taste.

"Beloved"

With excellent self-fertility, forming a rounded shape, sourish-sweet taste, bright red fruit coloring

Late ripening red currant

"Valentinovka"

With a high level of winter hardiness, productive and self-fertile, resistant to powdery mildew, it forms evenly acidic medium-sized fruits with high gelling qualities.

"Marmela"

Winter-hardy, productive with resistance to defeat by anthracnose and powdery mildew, forms orangish-red fruits of sourish taste, medium and large sizes

Osipovskaya

With a high level of winter hardiness, productive with resistance to disease, domestic breeding, forms the same size dark red fruits of good taste

"Dutch Red"

Hardy, unpretentious, with a high level of winter hardiness, productive with resistance to anthracnose lesions with medium-sized berries of a redish-sour-sweet taste

Lapland

With a high level of winter hardiness, very productive self-fertile, forms pinkish-red fruits below average size with excellent, delicate sour-sweet taste.

"Memorable"

Self-fertile, with medium and large fruits, unidimensional, rounded, red, with a small number of seeds

"Fire"

Highly productive and unpretentious, with rounded, red fruits, sweet-sour, very pleasant delicate taste

Planting red currants in the fall: technology, timing and schemes

It is possible to plant red currant both in spring and in autumn, but it is preferable to plant a berry crop in autumn. Practically any plant, except a gooseberry, can be considered as precursors of a culture. It is also not recommended to place such a berry in areas after the uprooting of old currant bushes.

In the traditional method of bush cultivation, it is desirable to plant currants with a distance of one meter while observing the width between rows of 2.5 m. In the northern regions, including the Urals and Siberia, planting should be done in the last decade of August. It is recommended to plant the plant in the southern regions from mid-September to the first decade of October. The main guideline for landing dates is the onset of a steady cooling. The plant should be planted about a month before the frost.

Growing red currants (video)

Features and rules of planting red currants in spring

In the spring you need to have time to plant a seedling before the start of active sap flow. Landing should be made to a depth of 35-45 cm.

It is very important that the planting hole has a diameter of 45-55 cm, which will allow the berry root system to be well positioned.

Compost or well-rotted manure in the amount of 10 liters with the addition of 50 g of superphosphate, 50 g of potassium chloride and a small amount of wood ash are used as a priming fertilizer of the soil. Red currant saplings can be planted along the border of the entire plot along low fences, indented one and a half meters, which is very convenient for the trellis growing method.

We also recommend that you read: Green currantGrowing the spring trees in springHow to root the grapes in spring to grow the best varieties of strawberries for growing at the cottage in 2018

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Growing and caring for red currants in summer cottages

The soil and climatic conditions in the middle zone of our country, as well as possible, are suitable for planting and growing red currant bushes, so proper care of such a berry will not be a particular hassle even for inexperienced gardeners.

Watering and feeding

In spite of the fact that it is not difficult to care for a plant of this species, it is necessary to pay attention to irrigation measures and fertilization. Competent watering is the key to a rich harvest, and insufficient water supply has a negative effect on growth processes, their development and the quality of fruiting. As a rule, about three irrigations are carried out during the summer period, allowing the soil to be moistened to a depth of 50-60 cm. You should also not neglect moisture recharge irrigations in the spring and immediately after harvesting the last crop. On one currant bush you need to spend about a couple of buckets of water.

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The first two years of fertilizing the planted currant bushes will not be necessary if the planting technology has been observed and a sufficient amount of fertilizer has been applied to the planting pit. In early spring, after the beginning of the growth of shoots, under each bush, 15-20 g of urea or 25-30 g of ammonium nitrate is required to be applied to each square meter. After ottsvetaniya fertilizing is done with organic matter, which is used as an aqueous solution based on mullein 1:10 or bird droppings 1:20. Under each bush you need to make a bucket of such a nutrient solution.

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A good result gives fertilizing complex mineral fertilizers such as "Kemira" or "Azofoska" at the rate of 15-20 g per square meter. In the summer, organic dressing is made after flowering. Before the winter cold, it is necessary to feed the red currant bushes with mineral fertilizers and organic matter in the form of humus or compost, 25-30 g of potassium sulfate and the same amount of superphosphate per square meter.

How to plant red currants (video)

Pruning shrubs

When growing red currant is very important correct pruning of berry bushes, which can be formative and sanitary. Pruning should be done in early spring or late summer, after harvesting.

When forming a bush, it is not necessary to pinch the tip of last year's increments. It is enough to remove in time the old branches, which are more than eight years old, as well as unnecessary zero shoots, broken, diseased and frozen branches. A properly formed plant should have about two dozen branches.

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Protection against diseases and pests

In order to get a high-quality crop of red currant every year, it is necessary to take care of the protection of the bushes of this berry crop and to prevent damage to major diseases and pests.

Processing period

Striking factor

Drug name

The concentration of the working solution in percent

To the stage of active spring bud break

Overwhelmed plant parasites and pathogens

"Nitrafen"

3-4

Before the mass flowering phase

Ticks and plant aphid

"Malathion"

0.3

After flowering

Flame, mites, gallate, powdery mildew

"Fundazol"

0.2

10 and 20 days after flowering

Flame, mites, gall midge, powdery mildew, various types of spotting

"Topsin-M"

0.2

Immediately after harvest

Anthracnose, septoriosis, rust, fire, mites, gall midge, powdery mildew, various types of spotting

"Caratan" or "Fundazol"

0.2

Since ancient times, the currant has been called a real health berry; therefore, this culture is widely used in homestead farms and in summer cottages in our country. Caring for such a berry plant is simple, but the currant requires some attention and ensuring proper watering, feeding, formation, as well as protection from all sorts of plant parasites and pathogenic microflora.

How to cut red currants (video)

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