When growing popular vegetables, people often make mistakes, from which the future harvest suffers. To protect yourself from mistakes, you need to know all the subtleties of agricultural engineering, especially in the early stages. How does the correct cabbage fit? Consider the main points of cultivation.
Dates of cabbage planting according to the lunar calendar
To get the most out of the plant, it is not enough just to bury the seeds in the ground. There are special rules that allow you to easily grow a popular vegetable.
Not for the first year, people compare the dates of planting cabbage with the lunar calendar, determine the days of agricultural work, which further facilitates the care of crops and their treatment. Favorable days have a positive effect on the flow of the internal processes of plants.
- February. During this period, the longitude of the sunny day increases significantly, so the cabbage is planted from seeds of 5 and from 2 to 26 numbers.
- March. Great time for growing seedlings. Sowing start from 8 to 10, 15, 26 and 30 numbers.
- April. Last month to prepare seedlings for cultivation. More benefits will bring work 2, from 7 to 10 numbers.
No matter how early you want to get a crop of vegetables, you can not engage in planting plants in January. No matter how long the phytolamp was illuminated, natural processes are activated at the end of winter. Early sowing leads to the appearance of weak, unviable shoots. In the period of the growing moon, all cultures wake up, so it is customary to transfer work on this particular day.
The lunar calendar for planting cabbage determines the days in which it is forbidden to engage in sowing.
- New moon. During this period, you can only remove weeds, in extreme cases - to loosen the ground.
- Descending phase. It takes an average of 12 days and is suitable exclusively for the treatment of diseases.
- Full moon. At this time, it is dangerous to engage in any agricultural work related to planting or interfering with the root system: the plants are sick for a long time and can die from stress.
In 2018, for planting cabbage, unfavorable numbers in March were 7, 21, and 22, and in April, 1, 6, 14, and 15.
Plant quality depends on the quality and readiness of the seed. It is impossible to use raw materials that are not matured or stored in improper conditions. There are 3 types of popular vegetables:
- Early. Suitable for salads and summer borscht, differ in short shelf life. The vegetative period is 85-100 days.
- Average. Used in pickles and in the preparation of hot dishes. Stability increased to 3 months. They have time to mature for 110 days.
- Late. Ideal for winter use. Good products retain quality for half a year. Crop is removed after 17 weeks after germination.
Before planting, carry out preventive procedures for seeds. If professional hybrids are drafted, soaking is prohibited. Manufacturers in advance worried about the protection, so the purchased raw materials do not need any treatments.
If the grains are harvested from their own garden or a plot of a neighbor, it is advised to protect the crop from losses. First of all, the material is sorted out, the specimens are ejected smaller than 1.5 mm, then the seeds are hardened: they are placed alternately in warm and cold water. From fungi and infections, the culture is etched with Fitosporin-M or Maxim-dachnik. If white cabbage is planted for the first time, it is better to leave the raw material for 2 hours in the Epin growth activator solution.
Sowing on seedlings
Seedlings in the cells
For early varieties, seedling cultivation is the best way. The plant prefers to grow in nutrient soil with good aeration. The soil consists of:
- peat - 50%;
- land - 30%;
- sand - 10%;
- coconut substrate - 10%.
All components are thoroughly mixed, scattered on the planting tanks and watered abundantly. If a dive of a seedling is not planned, it is better to plant seed in peat tablets, pots or plastic bottles with cut sideways.
In the prepared soil, with a finger, they make holes about 1 cm deep and with a distance of 3 cm. If you have to plant cabbage in long boxes, it is advised to lay several grooves. Seeds of 3 pieces are placed in the pits, on top pripruzhivayut soil. Since the mixture is wet, it is not necessary to irrigate it.
Unlike other plants, a popular vegetable is difficult to grow for seedlings at home. Culture reverently refers to the lighting and temperature, on the windowsill it is difficult to provide the desired microclimate. Professionals plant seedlings in a greenhouse or on glazed balconies with fitolamps.
Optimally for pecking, a heat range of 18-20 ° C is required. After the emergence of seedlings closely monitor the thermometer. During the day, the air is heated to 17 ° C, and at night it is reduced to 10 ° C. Due to temperature fluctuations, the seedlings do not stretch out and develop hardened.
Sowing in the ground
When grown in a seedless way, plants have powerful roots, they are not afraid of drought and minor frosts. Greenhouse specimens are often affected by a black leg, while on the street, nothing threatens saplings.
The bed is prepared from autumn: they carefully dig up, remove weeds and apply fertilizer. Culture does not like acidic soils, so wood ash or lime are added to top dressings. In the spring, the earth is loosened, rows are formed on it and holes are dug out, the gap between which is not less than 30 cm, but not more than 70 cm.
After determining the favorable days in the spring, they start sowing. The material is planted in moist soil to a depth of 2 cm, 3 pieces per nest. Seeds are ground with earth, covered with polyethylene for the night. Under good weather conditions, the first shoots spit in 7-9 days. As soon as 3 adult leaves appear, leave strong shoots, and weak ones pinch.
Landing in the ground
Sit on the calendar
On average, seedlings develop 30 days, so the farmer needs to prepare the plot and the beds. However, not always time is a significant indicator for planting on the street. According to the lunar calendar in 2018, there are favorable days:
- April 19 and 22;
- in May - 4, from 9 to 13, 27 and 29;
- in June - 5 and 6.
The most productive work in the phase of the growing moon. In the full moon the slightest injury of the root system will negatively affect the survival of the bushes. In addition, it is not advised to plant cabbage in open ground on unfavorable days:
- in May, 1, 2, 6, 30 and 31;
- in June - 4, 19 and 20;
- in the first three days of the new moon.
What to do if the seedlings today have already grown, and to a safe number another week, or even 2? In this case, it is recommended to carefully remove the seedlings from the pots, pinch off the tip of the spine, and then bury it again. Culture will send all the power to restore the underground parts and forget about the leaves. Problems can be avoided if you do not sow the seeds in January and withstand the recommended temperature conditions at home.
There are national signs that allow to determine the optimal timing of work. If fluffy lumps appear on the willow and daffodils bloom, early varieties of vegetables can be planted in the soil. Indicators for medium and late varieties are regrown greens of sorrel and nettle.
Proven technology: 10 days before landing in the ground seedlings begin to harden. For this purpose, the room is ventilated for several hours. Gradually culture is taught to the natural sun. Indicator that the seedlings are ready for planting, are 5 adult sheets on the stem.
To plant a seedling cabbage, the beds are prepared in advance. Between the bushes keep a distance of not less than 50 cm, but not more than 70 cm. The most effective is the chess pattern, which gives each plant sufficient space for development. Spade mark up the place, then dug holes. To provide nutrients to the culture, a cushion of fertilizers (humus, wood ash) is placed at the bottom of the dimples, so the depth of the holes is 18 cm.
Before planting cabbage, the site is carefully watered: at least 1 liter of liquid is taken for each seat. After 1.5 hours, proceed to work. Carefully transfer the seedlings into the wells, trying not to damage the roots. Okobitnitsa Oktyabrina Ganichkina (Ganechkina) recommends that each plant be dipped into a Kornevin stimulator, and then ground down. With one hand, hold the stalk, and the second - press the ground.
After all the plants are planted, each bush irrigate at least 1 liter of water. The procedure is performed manually, trying not to fall on the tops and wash the soil from the underground parts. After 30 minutes, the settled specimens are lifted, pouring the ground. An hour later, the seedlings are watered again, and then mulched.
Where better to plant a popular vegetable? The plot is sunny, so lowlands are suitable with good lighting and no shading. Prohibited annual cultivation in one place, otherwise the crop will die from insects and diseases.
Small plots require a reasonable use of the usable area, but there are plants that not only get along well together, but also help each other in development. Combined beds allow the farmer to economically place crops, receiving double benefit.
Planting cabbage can not be near tomatoes, strawberries and beans: neighbors will inhibit the development of seedlings and attract insects. Proven options are:
Chamomile and dill improve the growth and flavor characteristics of the vegetable, and hyssop, rosemary and mint scare the bear. It is important to arrange the joint beds.
Basics of care
Cabbage is a non-capricious plant, but it has its own care requirements. One of the important criteria remains watering. During the period of growth, seedlings are irrigated with water at room temperature; cool water is allowed at a permanent growth site. In hot weather, the procedure is carried out every 2 days, so the beds are mulched with peat.
The first feeding is made 10 days after the spitting of seedlings from seeds. At home, 2 tablespoons of superphosphate are dissolved in 1 liter of water, then the bushes are watered. At a permanent growth site, fertilizers are needed 2 weeks after planting. The third procedure is carried out in the period of the formation of heads.
The root system of cabbage rots when a large amount of nitrogen in the soil (for example, due to the introduction of fresh manure) when the humidity is above 90%.
In addition, the soil under the vegetables regularly loosen and remove weeds. To facilitate the procedure, the ground is mulched during planting. As it develops, fresh soil is poured under the roots, protecting the system from exposure.
The well-known gardener Galina Kizima (Kizyma) advises not to be lazy at the first stages and to pickle the soil with 3% Bordeaux liquid. Before planting in the ground, the roots of the culture are dipped in a solution of Fitosporin-M for 2 hours. So it will be possible to protect the seedlings from fungal diseases that plants often suffer from.
LUNAR SOWN CALENDAR FOR 2018 LUNAR CALENDAR. ALL TYPES OF CABBAGE. JANUARY 2018 TERM OF SOWING OF BREED CABBAGE. REGION: URAL AND WESTERN SIBERIAWhen you need to plant seedlings on the lunar calendar.LUNE CALENDAR. CABBAGE . JANUARY 2017
Slugs and snails love to feast on the leaves of a popular vegetable. Insects make raids in the dark. Pests are collected manually or placed next to the beds of pieces of slate, under which the parasites hide from the heat. If gluttons strongly pester, the bushes are sprayed with vinegar: a quarter of a glass on a bucket of water.
So that on the culture without problems they began to make heads of cabbages, the lower foliage is not removed. For laying the stalk use 9 covering plates: if you remove them, the bush will lose nutrients. Error is corrected, every week feeding landing.
If you know the secrets of care, in what time to plant cabbage and where it is better to plant it, the cultivation of a popular vegetable will pass without problems.