Pepper Kupets - an early grade of sweet Bulgarian pepper. The variety was selected for cold areas with a short summer. Therefore, the grade refers to cold-resistant. A detailed description of the variety will be discussed in the article.
Characteristics of pepper varieties Kupets
Grade pepper Merchant unpretentious in the care. When growing it is necessary to monitor the soil moisture and ensure that the room is well lit. It is adapted to cultivation in an open ground and in the greenhouse.
Even in adverse conditions, the plant gives a crop of 2-3 kg per 1 sq.m. In good conditions, the yield reaches 7-10 kg per 1 sq.m.
Fruit weight - up to 100 g, stack thickness - 5-8 mm. The fruits are very tasty: the pulp is juicy and aromatic, it contains a lot of vitamins. Color - green in the stage of technical ripeness and red in the stage of biological maturity. Fruits are stored for a long time and tolerate transportation.
Use both raw and processed. Raw fruit can be used for salads or as a decoration of the dish. They can be stewed, baked, added to soups and borscht.
Description of the bush
The bush is semi-sprawling, pyramidal. It has the following characteristics:
Seeds are sown at home or in a heated greenhouse at a temperature of 26-28 ° C during the day and 15-18 ° C at night. The time from planting to harvest is approximately 110 days. Therefore, it is undesirable to sow directly into the ground - the fruits will not have time to ripen by the end of warm days. Seeds are sown usually in late February or early March.
Seeds have good germination at home. But before planting, they need to be checked and selected:
Seed is planted in containers with soil to a depth of 1 cm. After the appearance of 5-6 leaves, the seedlings are pinched. Cut the top of the stem to form the lateral branches. Subsequently, all the leaves before the first fork, too, are removed.
Plants need care
Soil Pepper variety Merchant loves loose and fertile. Perfect land after cabbage, carrots, onions or greens.
The plant may begin to bloom immediately after transplanting to the open ground. These flowers must be cut to allow the plant to settle well.
When diving, the Merchant may slow down in growth and there is a chance of damage to the roots.
If the picking is still necessary, it is necessary to replant it from damp soil, so as not to damage the root system. The term of the picking is after the appearance of the first 1-2 true leaflets.
Seeds and seedlings can be hardened so that they can tolerate low temperature conditions well. Act on the following principles:
By the end of May, seedlings are planted in the ground. Planting pattern: 45 cm - between the bushes, 45 cm - between the rows.
Bulgarian pepper The merchant loves wet soil, but dry air. Do not overfill and overdry. This will immediately affect the state of the plant.
Pepper bushes prefer warm water. It can be defended in separate capacities.
Basic principles of watering:
- seedlings before the first shoots need to be watered every 2-3 days;
- seedlings after emergence sprouting watered daily in the morning;
- Before the procedure of picking the soil is watered for 2 hours.
After transplantation in open ground should be watered every day. Peppers can be watered in the evening. Only this must be done after sunset.
Plants need phosphorus during fruiting
Fertilizers are applied with water. Usually, fertilizing begins to be made immediately after planting.
Basic rules for feeding:
Phosphate dressing is made before flowering. It is necessary for the growth of the stem and leaves.
Nitrogen fertilizers are applied before flowering, sometimes during the fruiting period. Phosphate fertilizers - during fruiting.
For a better fertilizer effect, you can alternate. Combine mineral and organic.
Pests and diseases
Pepper Merchant prone to disease. Especially they appear when improper care, lack of or excess nutrients in the soil, improper treatment of seeds.
Description of the main diseases and methods of dealing with them:
When any disease appears, it is necessary to separate the diseased plant from others. If this is not possible, then pick up the damaged leaves, fruits and stems. Affected parts of the bushes are best burned.
Pepper KUPETS Pepper a huge crop of varietiesBEST YOGAINVA VARIETS OF SWEET PEPPER 2017 (08.19.2017) SWEET PEPPER GLADIATOR. VIDEO REVIEW. Olga Chernova July 19
Early action against pests will protect the entire crop. Pepper Merchant to taste sweet, so it is loved by many insects. The main ones are:
Spraying against insects is often carried out as a preventive measure. Preventive measures take 2 weeks before entering seedlings in open ground.
Pepper Kupets - frost-resistant, resistant to disease, drought and waterlogging. Gives delicious fruits that are perfect for fresh consumption. Appreciated for high yield - 7-8 kg with 3-4 bushes.