Pear amber

The pear Amber is appreciated for high rates of productivity. The variety is resistant to severe frosts. A detailed description of the pear variety Amber will be discussed in the article.

57-pear amber

Characteristic pear varieties Amber

Characteristic variety

Amber pear is not affected by the scab. It tolerates not only low temperatures, but also hot weather.

Main characteristics:

  • excellent yield;
  • possibility of transportation without loss of presentation;
  • juicy and tasty pods.

According to the description, the Amber variety produces fruits for the 6-7th year. Productivity is high - 30-35 kg from 1 tree. Differs from other types of late onset of flowering and vegetation.

Tree description

The pear tree variety Amber has a medium size and a pyramidal, moderately thickened form. Most often fruits on kolchatka.

The tree grows with oval-circular leaves, which are quite a bit folded in the middle. Stem organ is long and curved.

Fruit Description

The fruit of a pear weighs approximately 200 g. It has a typical pear-like shape with a slight ribbing.

  • covered with smooth, matte peel of medium thickness;
  • unripe fruits have a greenish-yellowish color, ripened pear becomes yellow with a pink-red blush;
  • sweet and sour taste.

The fruits are good for desserts. Used to obtain dried fruit. From pears of this variety, you can cook compotes, jam, jam.

Fruits are used both fresh and in the form of various jams. Perfect for baking or jelly-like desserts.

57-pear amber

The color of the fruit is yellow with a pink-red blush

The flesh of the pear is juicy, sweet, spicy. Pear varieties Amber ideal for blanks for the winter. Freshly squeezed juice from this variety is very tasty, and the jam will be the most delicate.

Fruits of Yantarnaya variety can lie until January without loss of taste. Since this variety is late, unripe pears need to be ripened. It is necessary that the fruit lay for 2-3 weeks in a warm room.

Care

For planting pears should choose loamy or clay soil. Sandstone is not suitable. Pear quickly accepted.

It is recommended to plant a pear on elevations.

Watering

In order for the plant to grow quickly and with a good yield, it is necessary to water it not only from above, but also to the depth of the germinated root. Therefore, within 1 month after planting, it is required to water the sapling 1-2 times a week. For 1 tree will be enough 1 bucket of water.

If the plant is in a dry environment, you can increase watering up to 2 buckets. Water should then be 3 times a week.

Mulching

Helps protect garden and cultivated plants from dehydration. For the variety Amber mulching is limited to a layer of 7-10 cm.

As mulch can be taken:

  • straw;
  • rotten grass;
  • humus;
  • special mulch paper.

To carry out mulching, cover the soil surface in a circle, where the tree grows, mowed with grass, peat or sawdust. You can add to the mulch nitrogen feed - 50 g per 1 m2.

In the spring for mulching using manure with straw. Mulch creates optimal conditions for growth, yield and contributes to obtaining juicy fruits.

57-pear amber

For planting pears should choose loamy or clay soil.

Pruning

Pruning a plant increases fertility, improves growth and tree crown. Dead or unwanted branches should be pruned. It is recommended to do this in the fall or spring, when the plant does not have a characteristic rapid growth. But if it is necessary to urgently remove the branches, then this can be done the same in summer and in winter.

Plants up to 1 year old are pruned for branching of the crown, therefore only 23% of the branch is removed. From 2 years old, the sapling is shortened by 25 cm, but only near the trunk, and the lateral branches are 7 cm. Crop 1 time in 3 years, older trees from 6 years old and more should be cut. The best tool of this procedure is a pruner or garden knives.

Spraying plants with fertilizer. To do this, take a solution of 2% sulfate or 3% superphosphate. It will make the pear more fruitful and strong.

Loosening

Loosening is a way of care that improves ground cover. For a pear, a medium cultivation is recommended, with a clear regularity.

Helps get rid of weeds. An alternative to loosening can be sowing a lawn or erysipelas with regular mowing.

Pests and diseases

The pear is resistant to pests, but improper care can cause tree infection. The most common are:

  • Hawthorn. Insect quickly eats all the flowers, greens. After it leaves only bare branches. To combat them use insecticide pollination, or digging the soil.
  • Winter moth. Eats all the buds and flowers. For spraying use insecticides: Chlorofos, Zolon, or Olekuprit.
  • Galitsa pear. For processing plants use Chlorophos, Phosphamide or Metaphos.
  • Pear Blossom It damages the flower buds, which leads to the fruitlessness of the tree. The timely cleaning of the bark in spring or the installation of glue belts will help to destroy the invasion.
  • Mealy dew. It is characterized by white bloom on the leaves, as a result of which they dry out. For prevention, remove dried shoots and sprayed with the mixture. 50 g of soda, 10 g of liquid soap are taken and diluted in 10 l of water.
  • Fruit rot. The disease provokes the fungus Monilia fructigena. You can determine the disease by staining the color of the drill on the fruit. It is recommended to remove infected fruit and spray the plant. To do this, take Bordeaux mixture of 1%.
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    Conclusion

    Thanks to its robust peel, the Yantarnaya Pear is suitable for continuous transport. Yield indicators, unpretentiousness in the care and taste of the fruit make this pear one of the most popular among gardeners.

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