What factors should be considered when creating a greenhouse
Constant temperature, enough light, normal soil moisture are the factors that make it possible for you to have a good harvest for sale. In principle, the cultivation of flowers, as a business, is developing well in Russia, because there is also a lot of experience in this field of activity and there are commercially available seeds that grow well in this climate.
Everyone can engage in this type of business activity, having first a little understood its features and having drawn up a detailed business plan.
Next will be presented all the main aspects of growing flowers in greenhouse conditions.
How to make a business plan for growing flowers
This stage is fundamental to any type of commercial activity. It starts with the development of the main project that allows you to carefully consider all risky situations, develop a business concept and calculate the financial costs. This document takes into account all factors affecting the effectiveness of the development of the chosen direction in the business.
There are specialized organizations that can draw up a business plan for entrepreneurs of all levels, from IP to development strategies for large corporations. However, you should take into account the fact that their services can be very expensive, and this, in turn, may affect the company's budget.
If you know how to correctly count and feel the potential for self-planning, then you can develop a business plan yourself without the involvement of contractors. In this case, you can be sure that it takes into account all the details that are very important for the development of the case.
Each direction in commerce has its own characteristics, including the business of growing flowers. Therefore, if you firmly decided to do it, but at the same time you have no idea about such work, when drafting a project, you should be prepared to spend a little time searching for the necessary information.
With it, you will be able to create your own project, focused on the effective development of the greenhouse business. In most cases, such a business plan consists of several points. In them, as a rule, the following information is described in detail:
Having dealt with how to make a business plan correctly, you will be able to proceed to its implementation. The next step to make the greenhouse business a success will be the preparation of greenhouse structures for growing flowers. It is necessary to determine their type and provide for the cost, laying it in the cost estimate.
Construction of greenhouse structures
Here it is necessary to take into account the fact that the facilities for growing flowers are significantly different from the structures in which fruits and vegetables grow. Therefore, many experts advise to produce greenhouses separately from the above analogues. At the same time, flowers in greenhouses can be kept until full maturity or removed at earlier stages without harm to the root system.
Growing flowers in a greenhouse as a type of income will be effective only after you have made the greenhouse by yourself. And in order for the whole process to go right, you need to consider a few simple and cheap options for their construction.
Frame tunnels covered with foil is the simplest and most inexpensive option, which is ideal for running a small greenhouse business. They can be made in the form of a cube, a rectangle or arches. Their height rarely exceeds 20 cm, and the length may be different. As materials used during construction, it is recommended to use steel wire with a diameter of about 6 mm, which will be easy to give the desired shape.
As for the installation of a protective insulation coating, then a polyethylene film is best suited. She unwinds on the installed frame and is fixed on it with the help of clamps or pegs.
Structures made of metal profile and polycarbonate - this method is ideal for overall plants, since the height of such a greenhouse can reach several meters. Experts recommend using a metal profile, as it is resistant to moisture, due to the content of zinc, and is much cheaper than wooden bars.
In turn, polycarbonate well tolerates low air temperature, when properly installed, has enhanced insulation characteristics, and its transparent structure normally transmits light rays. Such advantages allow growing exotic flowers that are sensitive to frost in such structures.
Frame greenhouses with glass panels - this is the most expensive design, since for its construction will need a lot of additional materials to reliably fix the glass on the prepared frame. Such constructions are rarely of arched type, since glass is a rather fragile material, and when it is laid on semicircular planes, it will be difficult to achieve ideal insulation characteristics.
Usually for the manufacture of the frame used wooden beams (you can buy coniferous products), pre-impregnated with stain and antibacterial solution. This will make it resistant to humid air in the greenhouse, and you will be relieved of the need to regularly change the supporting elements of the frame.
In addition, all of these buildings should be equipped with additional technical devices, on which depends not only the microclimate in the greenhouse, but also the success of your business as a whole.
Flowers from the garden to the counter (video)
What devices are needed for the growth of flowers
To avoid serious problems during the seedling growth process, you must install several important devices inside the greenhouse. They will help to maintain the normal temperature and humidity. To do this, you need the following details:
- auxiliary light from fluorescent lamps;
- humidity sensors;
- system of additional watering plants;
- independent sources of heating.
All these devices can be bought at a hardware store or rented, which will not burden your pocket too much and become a good business investment in growing flowers. Having installed them, you can be completely calm for your plants, as favorable conditions will be created for them in the greenhouse.
How to make money on flowers (video)
Gallery: flowers in the greenhouse (15 photos)