Open ground varieties
Growing and caring for these plants is quite difficult. For open ground, you should choose less fastidious varieties: this is how an agrotechnical cultivation of eggplants teaches.
Most suitable for this are such as:
- Robin Hood;
- Pink flamingo;
When choosing a variety, you need to consider how the plant is resistant to diseases. Since it is quite difficult to grow eggplants, you need to choose zoned cultures.
Features of cultivation in the open ground
Fruits appear on average 130 days after sowing. Planting eggplants should start around April in order to harvest at the end of the summer. But during this period there may be night frosts. Before deciding when to plant an eggplant, you need to consider that when the temperature is too low, the plant may stop growing. If eggplant seedlings are prepared in the right way, the probability of getting a good harvest is great.
The most common mistakes of inexperienced gardeners are:
We must not forget about such mistakes and how to properly grow eggplants.
For disembarkation use prepared containers. The distance between plantings should be about 3 cm. Tanks should be placed in a warm room, previously covered with foil.
Seedlings begin to plant somewhere in 65-70 days after germination. The recommended temperature for eggplant seedlings to develop well is 22-25 °.
After the first shoots appear, you need to gradually remove the film and transfer containers to a lighter and cooler place with a temperature of about 18 °.
After the eggplants reach the age of 3 weeks, they begin to make an artificial highlight so that the seedlings develop well.
Varieties for growing in the greenhouse
Usually in greenhouses grown varieties that require a warmer climate than that which is available. Growing eggplants in the greenhouse begins with the selection of a suitable variety.
The most popular among gardeners is a hybrid marzipan. It is a mid-season variety, fruits ripen about 120 days. They are small, but very tasty.
Purple miracle is a variety that has a very high stable yield. Subsides of this type are small, their flesh is white, they are not bitter.
If we consider the varieties of eggplants for greenhouses, then we must also mention the hybrid culture of the Nutcracker. It has a fairly high yield. Treats early ripe, tasty fruits of the average size grow.
Unusual white varieties are also good for growing in greenhouses. Feature, as you might guess, is the color of the skin. When searching for the most appropriate options, you can view a variety of photos available unusual varieties.
Soil preparation for greenhouse cultivation
Growing eggplants in a polycarbonate greenhouse is suitable for novice gardeners, since planting and care here is much easier due to the smaller influence of external factors. Before planting eggplants, you need to prepare the "right" soil. Soil preparation for this begins in the fall.
It is necessary to remove what remains of previous crops and carefully water the surface with water 2 times. After that, it is recommended to disinfect the soil. After drying, the soil should be loosened, it is desirable to dig.
For eggplant to grow well in a greenhouse, organic approvals are needed.
Proper planting of seedlings and the formation of bushes
Next on how to grow eggplants in the greenhouse and how to plant seedlings. First you need to level the beds. After that, you can start digging holes for planting a depth of about 20 cm. Then dilute the water with manganese and pour about 2 liters of solution into each well. In order not to break the roots, care must be taken when removing the plant from the container. The distance between the rows should be 0.5 m, between the bushes - 0.3 m.
When to plant eggplants in the greenhouse? This is recommended at the end of May. With cool weather, we grow only after warming, since these plants are very thermophilic.
Pinching is carried out after the plants grow by 25 cm. Further planting requires observation. Sometimes the bushes dry leaves, there are fruits with deformation and infertile shoots. To grow eggplant in the greenhouse, you must regularly remove these "surplus".
To make the bushes more stable, they are recommended to be fixed to the greenhouse supports. In the first 20 days of adaptation, the greenhouse cannot be opened.
You can grow eggplants in the greenhouse in one or several stems. The first method is used when the plant is weak or the greenhouse is rather small. To do this, leave the strongest escape and fix it on a wire stretched over the plants. We grow such eggplants, not forgetting to remove the buds that appear.
We grow the second way: you need to trim the tops of the main stem, when the eggplants reach a height of 30 cm. If the eggplants are formed in this way, the bush begins to branch actively, so you need more space in the greenhouse.
Choosing one of the ways how to form eggplants in a greenhouse, you need to estimate its size and condition of the plants.
Secrets of growing eggplant (video)
Creating the right conditions
In order for eggplant formation in the greenhouse to be successful, it is necessary to create good temperature conditions. In order for the plant to develop well, the temperature in the greenhouse must be 25-28 °. We grow eggplants, carefully monitoring the temperature. In order to monitor this indicator, you need to use 2 thermometers. One is placed close to the ground, the second is centered on the roof.
The easiest way is to regulate the temperature in the greenhouse by airing the room. When it is very hot outside, you can lower the temperature by watering the path with water.
Properly growing eggplants is necessary for good yields. Care in the greenhouse - is primarily watering. Do it regularly, use for this procedure, heated water. If you water the eggplants in time, the cultivation will be successful.
The first watering should occur on day 6 after it was disembarked. Then the procedure should be carried out every 7 days. When fruiting begins, it should be 2 times more frequent. Watering is recommended in hot weather.
When watering it is important that water does not fall on the leaves of plants.
It is necessary to water in the morning, it is recommended to loosen the soil in the evening to avoid moisture evaporation.
Depending on the condition of the plants, they are fed 2-6 times. For this it is recommended to use complex fertilizers.
Nitrogen-phosphate feed should be started with the appearance of fruits.
Several times a month it is recommended to feed on the leaves. In order to grow eggplants in the greenhouse went well, with poor flowering, you can spray the plants with boric acid. It should be diluted in the proportions of 1 g per 5 liters of water.
Garter each bush should be done in several places. In the greenhouse the plants are much higher than in the open field. This makes them more fragile.
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Gallery: growing eggplants (15 photos)