How to make a greenhouse from a profile pipe?
Greenhouses today are found in many garden plots. These structures range from the smallest to the most spacious. Most often, such constructions are made of improvised material. Many users prefer to make greenhouses with their own hands, using a profile tube. Let us examine in detail how to properly make such structures and what is important to consider.
Features and types
Homemade greenhouse on the site today is difficult to surprise someone. Such designs can be found very often. They can be very different. Modification of the built prefabricated building depends only on the wishes of the owners, who make it independently.
Manufacturing materials are also used very different. Of course, most home craftsmen prefer to turn to inexpensive and pliable raw materials, which will be as easy to work with. However, not only these parameters are important. The material must also be as reliable and strong as possible. A profile pipe falls under this description, from which high-quality and durable greenhouses are obtained, especially since you can easily build them with your own hands.
Such structures have one characteristic feature - as a rule, they have a small weight, since, oddly enough, the pipe itself is not heavy. From such a material can be built not only angular "house" for planting, but also a beautiful arched structure. The latter are especially popular today, because they are made quite simply, but they are effective and have an aesthetic appearance. However, in such greenhouses it is recommended to plant only low-growing plants. And also with the use of such a pipe, reliable constructions are obtained, which often complement dual-slope roofs.
As you can see, greenhouses of various structures can be constructed from a profile pipe. Let's get acquainted with the possible options.
Duplex greenhouse construction of the profile pipe, made by hand, is one of the most common. Such structures are often made independently, saving money on the services of experienced craftsmen. Dvukhskatnye constructions can then be supplemented with high-quality glazing or polymeric covering material - here the choice is only for the owners. Duplex greenhouses from pipes are designed for long-term use.
The main component of this greenhouse is a robust skeleton of a profiled pipe. It is a rigid support base for further consolidation of the selected coating, which will protect the planting from negative external factors. Frame foundations of such erections are also made independently. The main task in these works is to provide the most reliable fasteners for individual elements.
You can also make an arched greenhouse from a shaped pipe. This structure often has a small height, but the master has the opportunity to make the "house" higher. In the latter cases, it will be possible not only to plant tall plants, but also to move to full growth without bending. It is much more convenient to use high arched structures. In such conditions it will be possible to plant greens, reinforced on special supports.
Competently made arched structures are not only very convenient to use, but also attractive. If you do everything right and choose the ideal place for this building, it will transform the site, making it more aesthetic.
Slightly less at sites you can meet the greenhouse of the pipes, made in the form of pyramids. These options look very original and fresh. In addition, pyramidal greenhouses occupy little free space, so they are often erected in conditions of small areas, where every centimeter is worth its weight in gold.
Pyramid variants can be made with different heights and be made out of different covering material.
Advantages and disadvantages
As mentioned earlier, modern greenhouses from proftruby - a common phenomenon. To the construction of such buildings are addressed due to the fact that they have many positive qualities. Let's get acquainted with the most important of them.
- Buildings made of shaped pipes, made according to all the rules, can last for a very long time, without giving the hosts extra trouble.
- It is permissible to complete the frameworks of the pipework with various covering materials. This can be either glass or polycarbonate, or a special film - the choice is for the owners.
- Greenhouses from proftruby can boast simple, but at the same time quite reliable fasteners.
- The assembly of such structures does not take away too much energy, nor a lot of free time, so many owners take up their independent production.
- It is quite possible to build a greenhouse of any shape from a profile pipe.
- A competently constructed outbuilding will not be afraid of negative external factors, for example, strong winds. In the high-quality greenhouse from the pipework nothing will threaten the plantings.
- A greenhouse made of a pipe that is smart can not only fulfill its basic functions, but also become a real decoration of the site. For example, a spectacular appearance can boast beautiful options with glass coatings. They can grow not only vegetables, but also a variety of flowers. Multicolored flower arrangements will look unmatched, being behind the glass walls of such a structure.
From all this we can conclude that greenhouses from the profile pipe are very stable and practical. That is why they are found so often. However, we must not forget about some of the shortcomings with which they sin. We will get acquainted with them.
In the manufacture of greenhouses from the pipework, many craftsmen face a serious problem - the direct bending of the material. It is very important to bend the first pipe correctly in order to use it as a template in the future. Previously this part is filled with sand for a smoother and more aesthetic execution of the folds.
Other serious flaws in such structures do not exist. It is important to note that greenhouses from proftruby have more advantages than minuses, which explains their wide distribution.
The choice of profile and shape design
If, having weighed all the pros and cons, you have decided to manufacture a greenhouse from a pipework, then the next step you will need to choose the right profile and decide on the immediate shape of the future structure.
So, rectangular and square variants of shaped pipes are usually made using:
- hot and cold deformation;
- electric welding;
- electric welding coupled with cold deformation.
If you want to build a neat arch-shaped greenhouse, you will need pipes with a cross section of 40 to 20 mm (approximately 10 pieces). Their average length will be 5.8 m. There are two solutions: you can immediately order cutting of these parts to the required dimensions or buy simple options of 6 m. As for the jumpers, they should be metal 20x20 mm (their length should be about 67 cm).
As for galvanized proftruby - it must have a coating in the form of a special layer on the inside and on the outer surface. Determining high-quality material is quite simple - it should be as light as possible. The frame base made of it easily moves from one place to another. It can also be transported by car. Since in these cases there is a good protective coating, they are practically not subject to corrosion.
If you want to build a greenhouse, characterized by high mechanical stability, then you should choose a profile pipe that has an additional gain. Such materials transfer pressure up to 90 kg per 1 square meter without any problems. In accordance with the provisions of GOST, such constructions are capable of serving at least 20–30 years. Even if the galvanized layer in some place bends, and damages / dents form on it, the coating will still remain intact and will not suffer in any way.
To prepare the frame base of a simple unprotected pipe, usually used welding. Galvanized parts are connected with bolts, special connecting elements or corners. The use of large diameter metal parts is not the most practical solution, since they are too heavy and completely inconvenient in work, as many experts and experienced craftsmen say.
The shape of the structure can be any - this is the proftrub is good. From it you can build a structure of almost any modification. Tent options with a double-slope roof and arched greenhouses of various sizes are considered to be the most popular. Of course, you can build a triangular or any other structure, but such instances are less common.
Design and preparation
Before you begin to independently produce a high-quality greenhouse from a profile pipe, it is very important to properly design its project. To do this, you need to prepare detailed drawings showing all the dimensional parameters of the future construction. Many users here turn to ready-made schemes, adjusting them to their conditions and plans. Such a solution is optimal if carrying out such work for you is something completely new and very difficult.
The plan of the planned outbuilding should reflect the following important components:
- the direction of the vertical rack;
- roof structure;
- harness, located in the upper part;
- door, windows and windows, without which it is impossible to leave the greenhouse in any case;
Developing a detailed project of the planned greenhouse, it is recommended to pay attention to the degree of its illumination. Keep in mind that absolutely any greenhouse should be directed exclusively to the south side. The permitted surface difference shall not exceed 100 mm. On the basis of the developed scheme, carry out the layout of the future outbuildings. For these procedures, pegs and a rope are usually used. If you check the marked lines in a diagonal direction, then you can do everything to the maximum smoothly and accurately.
There is no need to start up absolutely all profiles with a cross section of 20x20 mm, 40x40 mm, 40x20 mm. The listed parts due to a sufficiently dense body (from 0.2 cm) will be quite strong and reliable. Horizontal ties can be made from a profile having a cross section of 1 to 1.5 mm, since there is simply no need for exceptional parameters.
Calculating the level of height of the future construction, it is necessary to focus on the growth of the owners of the site. In most situations, they are repelled by the fact that the ceiling should be made slightly higher than the height of the person who will use the building. For this reason, the parameters of these bases can vary from 190 to 250 cm.
The calculation of the size parameters of the future greenhouse has another important subtlety - it is necessary to adapt to the finishing materials. If the frame base will be made out with a film, it is not so important, but when turning to polycarbonate it is extremely important to ensure that the dimensions of the materials purchased are sufficient to close the entire structure without additional cuts and additives. Thus, a standard polycarbonate sheet is usually 6 m in length. If we are talking about the arrangement of an arch-type structure, then a special formula should be used here to calculate the circumference. Note that the height parameter of 2 m in many cases is unnecessary. The ideal height is 190 cm.
If you are preparing for the erection of a prefabricated structure with a neat dual-pitch roof, it is better to take into account the properties of the soil that is available on your site. Ideal results can be achieved by working on a dry area, because with all their security, the load-bearing structures should not be subjected to unnecessary loads. This can adversely affect the reliability of the entire building, even if it is made to last. The sandy soil will be better clay, because it is not swampy.
The longest side of the structure is usually turned to the south side so that the largest amount of sunlight gets into the inner part of the greenhouse. Keep the heat in the building and simplify the movement of its territory will help the door fixed in the end.
As practice shows, most gardeners make doors in greenhouses about 0.7–0.8 m wide. As for the height of these parts, everything depends on the direct dimensions of the whole erection. If you plan to make a capital greenhouse, then an improvised vestibule will be very useful, as it will create an additional air layer. In addition, in such conditions it will be possible to store various garden tools, which is very convenient.
Having made a detailed plan-scheme of the future greenhouse, you can proceed to the preparation of the basis for it. Despite the fact that the outbuildings of the profile pipe are quite lightweight, they still can not be left without a foundation. This is due to the fact that lightweight structures can break under the action of the wind or can be completely stolen by intruders if they are not secured to the site as reliably as possible. You can avoid these unpleasant situations by contacting the manufacture of strip or column foundation. The choice of the ideal option will directly depend on the type of soil on the site.
Before embarking on the foundation of the foundation, it is very important to correctly prepare a dedicated place for it. His meticulously cleaned completely from all pollution. In addition, the upper soil layer is often removed. After that, make the correct markup, based on the previously created scheme, hammering wood poles along the perimeter of the future structure. These details will serve as the basis for holding the rope.
Having completed all these steps, you can proceed to the very manufacture of the foundation. If special anti-vandal measures in a particular situation do not play a special role, and also there are no threats of strong wind gusts, then it is possible to do without preparing a straightforward columnar structure. Make it from asbestos-cement pipes.
Consider the conduct of these works in stages.
- First, the soil is drilled, clearly adhering to a specific step. The diameter of all the holes should be such that the pipe was placed in them freely without additional fitting.
- Placing the supporting parts in the prepared holes, the outer intervals must be filled with soil of a suitable type. You will need to compact it additionally.
- Next, you need to pour the cement into the internal cavity of asbestos-cement pipes. It is necessary that the design was not cavities.
- Then a metal plate is inserted in the upper part. Instead of it, it is permissible to use pre-trimmed reinforcement (in this way, there will be a coupling between the frame and the foundation of a homemade greenhouse).
Frame assembly and trim
After completing work on the construction of the foundation, you can proceed to the assembly of the frame of the profile pipe, and then its subsequent plating. So, if you are going to make an arched model, then you will need to prepare the correct arc. You can make them with a device such as a pipe bender. Manual work in such a situation can be not only extremely difficult, but also will not allow to achieve the required accuracy.
The assembly of the hull component should begin with the end parts of the future construction. For this, the pipe lengths are connected by welding, using tees and angles if you need to achieve maximum strength. If you plan to make a collapsible greenhouse with your own hands, then you should refer to such details as coupling sleeves. The final step in this case will be the covering of the case foundation of the outbuilding with a selected material, for example, polycarbonate.
To secure the sheets of this material, you should use special screws with thermal washers. These parts will prevent water from entering the cells of the substance. At the same time, the cells themselves should be at a small angle or vertically, because in the horizontal plane the dampness and moisture will simply stagnate, which will necessarily spoil the material.
A greenhouse in the form of a neat "house" with a full-fledged dual-pitch roof should have equipment in the form of a door and air vents. A small arched structure is usually made with only one door. Ventilation in these buildings almost never happens.
The main advantage of the arched form is that such a greenhouse will be the most stable and equally practical. The aerodynamic qualities of such structures allow them to withstand strong gusts without problems. In addition, moisture and dirt does not accumulate on their surface. As mentioned earlier, problems arise only in matters of bending of the pipe. Often people turn not only to the pipe bender, but also to special tools such as a radius pattern.
It is permissible to bend the profile pipe without additional heating using a special filler. If we are talking about details thinner than 1 cm, then such additions are not necessary. In the event that you use fairly dense constituent elements, the addition of sand or rosin can significantly simplify the work, since it is faster and easier to bend the thick pipe yourself.
It is possible to give the necessary form to the blank in another way - by using a special bending plate with holes made in it beforehand. The notches in this case are necessary for placing the support rods. Having set the profile pipe between two rods, bred into the slab at the required distance from each other, the profile is gently bent, gradually transferring efforts from the middle of the metal piece to its periphery. Carrying out such work is quite affordable, but it can be quite a difficult process. The result will depend on the efforts made by the master.
If we are talking about very thick pipes, it is desirable to bend them, warming up before that. To ensure uniform bending of parts, you can turn to filling the profile with sifted sand. Since in the future you will have to work with heated metal, you should definitely wear high-quality protective gloves. In addition, it is imperative to take care of the safety of the fire source.
The sequence of further actions should be as follows.
- First, make a pyramidal stub of wood.
- They make a recess, which will be responsible for removing hot gases to the outside.
- After that, the outer sections of the profile are fired.
- Filling should be cleaned from too large and too small inclusions.
- The sand is heated by a temperature of 150 degrees.
- On one side of the profile pipe install a special tube without grooves and grooves.
- From another direction, a special funnel is introduced into the inside of the proftrab, with which it is possible to place heated sand in portions.
- Then you need to tap the walls. Consider that sounds should be deaf.
- Filling the pipe with sand, fix another plug.
- The place of the fold should be noted in chalk. The required segment is tightly fixed in a vise after laying on the template.
- Welded pipe tube should bend so that the joints are on the side.
- Heated on the markup should be done red hot.
- Having made the metal softer, it can be bent with just one movement.
When the workpiece has cooled, it is recommended to check it with the template. If the result was expected, then the plugs should be removed and shake out the sand. If docking of metal parts is required, then it is better to weld them.
After that, prepare the pit, the depth of which is approximately 0.8-1.0 m (depending on the climatic zone and the depth of soil freezing). Then the cement solution is poured into it up to the longitudinal base. After this base in the transverse part is boiled to the longitudinal components. To make the design more dense and stable, it is customary to use special corners made of metal. Bricks are laid under the base. You can make a small groove.
Before you make the frame, you must:
- to lay the selected covering material;
- place the upper arc;
- Make the necessary marks with a marker.
Slicing covering material, it is recommended to leave a small stock of at least 20 mm. On the frozen solution finally establish a frame base. The starting arch is welded to all longitudinally located bases. During its installation, as with the installation of the final profile, a plumb line is used to reduce possible errors to a minimum. Subsequent elements are attached using jumpers.
Having fixed the last arched part, it is necessary to install jumpers on the end part. Usually their profile differs in the section of 20x20 mm, because in this case the level of loads is very small. Fixing covering materials, they make the necessary openings for windows and doors. It is important to process all the formed joints with a silicone compound in order to achieve maximum sealing.
If you strictly follow all the recommendations and work plan, you will be able to build a greenhouse that will last at least 10 years. In addition, it does not have to constantly care for.
Note that the installation of the first and last arches is the most important stage of work. It is better not to make mistakes and act carefully. It is advisable to use a plumb.
The roof of the greenhouse can be made from a profile pipe not only gable, but also single-sided, triangular or spherical. The choice of different designs is due to the fact that the specified material can make components of any structure.
If you are collecting a frame base directly on the ground, then you need to choose for this the most even area without surface differences. This is necessary so that the construction does not skew later. From time to time, try on the construction of a future greenhouse to avoid errors in size.
If a fairly long profile pipe is cut at several sites on one side at once, then it will be possible to bend the profile so that you can make racks with a roof (rectangular elements) from it. With such detail it will be possible to save a lot of free time and materials.
If you have purchased polycarbonate sheets for decorating greenhouses from professional pipes, they will need to be laid up by the side on which the film coating is present. This surface is equipped with high-quality protection of the interior of the structure from the sun's rays. However, in the instructions attached to the purchase of this material, there are all the recommendations for working with him.
It is recommended to fasten polycarbonate sheets with self-tapping screws with rubber hats so that no harmful moisture penetrates into the building.
Metal profiles, which make greenhouses, it is desirable to protect against corrosion. Otherwise, the facility may not last as long as desired.
Choosing the optimal parameters of the width of the future greenhouse, you must take into account the number of beds that you plan to arrange in it. And also take into account the tracks between them. The most convenient parameter is the width for processing 0.7 m.
If you plan to construct a greenhouse with a sloping roof, then its angle is not recommended to be too steep. This is because it can lead to an increase in the percentage of reflection of sunlight. Because of this, the greenhouse will be less efficient. But you shouldn’t make it completely sloping either - snowfall in winter can be too heavy, and the snow will not want to roll down on such a flat roof. The result may be too bad.
It is not recommended to neglect the preparation of the foundation for a greenhouse from a profile pipe, because such a structure is very light. Without proper fastening, the structure can budge. Moreover, attackers can decorate it.
Before filling the foundation, it is imperative to clear the selected area. Many users neglect this process, considering it not very important. In fact, this should not be neglected. It is necessary not only to remove all debris, but also to remove a small layer of soil, before preparing the foundation.
How to make a greenhouse from the profile pipe with your own hands, see below.