The bed is covered with polyethylene, the edges of which, protruding beyond the limits of the zone set aside for seedlings, are simply pressed by weighty objects (stones, boards, slate strips, etc.). But it is difficult to call this elementary structure a hotbed. In order to make a full-fledged sheltered shelter, you will need to carry out a number of activities. There are several ways to arrange a greenhouse for seedlings, but they all follow the same rules and require the implementation of a specific list of works.
First of all, you need to determine the location.
Important: the site must be dry, smooth, non-flooded, located in a windless zone.
The next important step is to determine the direction of the greenhouse in which the seedlings will be grown. There is a rule about which every gardener should know who wants to consistently get a good harvest: the greenhouse for seedlings with its long sides must always be turned to the south. That is, this structure should be located along the west-east line.
An important stage of construction is the preparation of the soil into which the seeds will be sown. Optimal use of a mixture of several types of soil. One of the best options: 2 parts of peat, 2 - humus, 1 - garden soil, 1 - sand (quarry, not river).
The next step is to build the frame. The greenhouse for seedlings can be made of any suitable material that is able to keep its shape for a long time: boards, metal, flat slate.
Important: sunlight must come to the plants in the right quantity, so the upper part of the greenhouse (preferably, the side walls) must be translucent.
There is another important point in the device room for growing seedlings - heating. Two options are most popular: laying a heating cable under the ground and using biofuel (horse manure). You can grow seedlings using hydroponics.
Such a greenhouse will require initial investments, but they will more than pay off with the high productivity of this mini-greenhouse. The most appropriate method for amateur gardeners is flow hydroponics. Growing seedlings in such a greenhouse is most convenient and profitable, as the growth rate of plants increases by 1.5-2 times. .
How to make a greenhouse in hydroponics
First of all, an additional, small extension should be erected next to the greenhouse, in which a reservoir will be installed for preparing the nutrient solution and a system for feeding it to the plant roots. Rationally use the principle of automatic drip irrigation. This method has long been tested and successfully used in greenhouses in Denmark.
In this country, as a substrate, in which the roots of plants are strengthened, they use the material "Grodan", which in structure and all characteristics corresponds to the mineral wool familiar to Russians. It can be replaced by the quivering sphagnum peat. Greenhouse for seedlings settles down as follows:
- ground floor level and compact;
- lay a layer of polyethylene;
- conduct a drip irrigation system;
- mineral wool sheets are laid;
- Plants are planted, having previously got acquainted with how to plant representatives of a particular variety.
Seedling growing rules
Not every gardener knows how to grow seedlings correctly. This process begins with the preparation of seeds. You should know that they all have a certain shelf life, so you should not buy them for future use. There is a proven way to sort out seeds that are unsuitable for planting. It consists in the following: 5% aqueous solution of table salt (5 parts of water, 1 part of salt) immerse all the seeds from the bag. Those that float, delete.
You can choose any varieties of seeds that are suitable for growing in a particular climate.
To improve germination using different methods. The most popular heat treatment. To this end, the seeds are heated in the sun for 3-4 days or kept in hot water (not above 50 ° C) for 10-15 minutes. To speed up the germination of seeds, they are soaked in warm water and covered with a piece of fine fabric or gauze.
Growing seedlings occurs in special small containers with soil. If the greenhouse is heated, it is advisable to plant a change directly to the soil. How to sow a particular plant variety is written on the package. Most thermophilic varieties grown in cold climates are in need of sprouting.
When sowing seeds depends on the region of residence. To make it easier to determine the optimal time for planting, you need to focus on the range of soil and air temperature that is most favorable for a given grade. The greenhouse for seedlings must be prepared in advance: the soil is loosened and moist. Beginning gardeners to avoid mistakes may ask more experienced neighbors and friends about when to plant seedlings.
To make it easier to transplant plants from the tank to the ground, it is recommended to use special peat cubes, which can be bought in stores for gardeners. You can cook them yourself. To do this, take the same amount of top and bottom peat, add a little wood ash and mineral fertilizers to the resulting mass. Planting seeds is carried out directly in the cube.
In order to grow strong plants with a strong root system, it is recommended to use a special drug: Athlete for seedlings. Its use ensures a good survival of plants after transplanting from a tank into a greenhouse or greenhouse. Athlete for seedlings regulates the growth of its ground part and significantly reduces the period of formation of peduncles. This drug is a popular agrochemical, which has the property of a plant growth stimulator. Therefore, the athlete for seedlings - a reliable assistant novice gardener.
Features of growing seedlings in the greenhouse
Different types of plants prefer a certain composition of the soil. So, radish requires loose sandy loam with slightly acid or neutral reaction, dill - light non-acidic soil, garlic - fertile loam. It is important for a gardener to know not only when to plant seedlings, but also how to do it correctly. So, when planting tarragon, potassium salt and humus are introduced into the soil. Before planting sorrel, the soil is mixed with half-dead manure or humus.
The most popular for growing in greenhouses are tomatoes. It is necessary to sow the seeds of these plants only after their preliminary preparation: sorting, soaking and disinfecting in a solution of potassium permanganate (10 g per liter of water). Planting seeds of medium and late ripening varieties of tomatoes is carried out from 1 to 5 April. It is necessary to grow up seedling within 50-60 days.
How to grow tomatoes in the greenhouse (video)
No less demanded by lovers of their own products onion. This is the most difficult culture in the germination of seeds. In some regions of our country, one warm season is not enough to get a full harvest. Therefore, planting seeds is often carried out in the fall (in winter).
Not every novice gardener knows what seeds of black cumin. So called onion seeds. Among the popular varieties - the Exhibition, Carmen, Red Baron. Chernushka seeds got their name because of their black color. Since it is not difficult to plant onions correctly, even inexperienced summer residents successfully cope with this task. Which seeds to buy depends on the climatic conditions of the region of residence.
It is just as easy to plant seedlings of garlic, spinach, tarragon, thyme, and cumin. But some cultures will have to work hard. Cucumbers require special attention. To avoid any doubts about which seeds to use, you need to remember one rule: you need to choose well-formed and pre-heated before sowing for 3 hours at a temperature of 50-60 ° C. In this case, the cultivation of seeds will be the fastest. How to plant cucumbers, is written in the instructions, which is available on each packet with seeds.
Gallery: seedling greenhouse (15 photos)