Desiree potatoes are a variety of Dutch origin, developed for mass cultivation in farmers' fields and having high yields. It is recommended to be planted in a southern climate, it is susceptible to top dressing and a warm environment.
Desiree Potatoes Variety Description
Description of the bushes and fruits
The bushes are distinguished by moderate greens of dark green, matte color and have a strong root, giving up to 20 tubers. The variety is characterized by ideally even small oval-shaped tubers, covered with a red skin. Edible part of a light yellow shade. According to the description, the starch content is from 13.5% to 21.5%. Fruits are rich in keratin, amino acids and proteins.
Fruits of this variety are not watery, slightly sweet, do not darken when cut, and are suitable for cooking in any form.
The variety has a high yield, resistant to late blight of tubers, fomoz, various viral diseases. Desiree potatoes do not degenerate, so many years it is possible to collect new material for planting in the beds.
Potatoes like hilling, feeding and watering, but at the same time can maintain high yields in hot climates in the absence of regular water supply.
Desiree potatoes belong to the mid-ripening species, the first crop is harvested by the middle of summer, but the potatoes are massively dug by the end of September. Tubers are planted in warm spring weather, as the fruits are afraid of frost.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
The advantages of potato Desiree include the fact that it:
- tolerates drought;
- gives a high yield;
- suitable for planting in any soil;
- resistant to many diseases;
- stored for a long time;
- has perfect-shaped tubers, even, without defects;
- suitable for cooking any dishes;
The disadvantages include:
- poor adaptation to the soil with high humidity;
- susceptibility to late blight of the stems and scab;
- thick peel, which complicates the cutting and application;
- susceptibility to the attack of the Colorado potato beetle.
Before planting, the potatoes are treated with growth stimulants and disinfectants to avoid the appearance of fungus. If you plan to land on the field, the territory is treated with herbicides. Planting is carried out in warm soil, as the plant is susceptible to low temperatures. Humus, ashes, or fertilizers, such as ammonium nitrate, sulfates, etc., are poured into the wells.
The distance between the rows should be at least 75 cm, and between the bushes - at least 35 cm.
Ripening and harvest lesson
Spraying root varieties Desiree recommend at least 2 times during the period of maturation.
To prevent the emergence of the Colorado potato beetle, bushes are sprayed with insecticides several times. Tubers are dug at the end of the growing season, when maturation reaches 100 days, after cutting off all the foliage. After digging, the potatoes are well dried to increase the storage time and sorted, leaving the fruits damaged with a shovel to be used first. The best dug bushes should be immediately put off for future plantings. It is possible to land both a whole product and fragments with eyes.
Sometimes it is useful to change the place of cultivation of Desiree, allowing the soil to rest. At this time, on the site of tubers sow radishes: it fertilizes the ground.
The best fields for planting are those on which bulbous or leguminous plants, as well as cabbage, had previously grown. The yield on depleted soil will be about 13 tons per 1 hectare, and those fertilized with a favorable climate and meticulous care - up to 38 tons per 1 hectare