The advantages of greenhouse cucumbers Herman
Sowing seeds for seedlings
Cultivate this variety of cucumbers most often by seedling method. Sort Herman loves heat, so it would be wiser to grow it in a greenhouse, and transplant it into open ground when the average temperature is set at + 17 ° C. Allowed completely greenhouse cultivation option with planting seeds immediately into the ground.
For planting pick the largest seeds. You can select them yourself or use saline. To prepare it, you need 1 liter of water and 30 g of salt. The crystals are thoroughly stirred, after their dissolution the seeds are added to the container and left for 30 minutes. That planting material, which will be at the bottom, is perfect for planting. Seeds after this will need to rinse with fresh water and disinfected. To do this, 1 g of potassium permanganate is diluted in 0.5 liters of water, the seeds are placed in the solution for 20 minutes. After this procedure, the planting material must be rinsed again with water.
The treated seeds are laid out in bags of cloth and left for 12 hours in a solution of nitrophosphate and wood resin (1 tsp. Nitrophosphate and ash per 1 liter of water). After the seeds should be washed again with water, wrap in a damp cloth. Germination requires a temperature of + 23 ° C, usually 2 days are sufficient for pecking. Then a day the planting material is stored at the very bottom of the refrigerator.
Germinated seeds are placed in separate glasses with soil, 1-2 seeds per cup. For grooves of the same size, you can use a pencil with a mark of 1.5 cm from the end, this makes it easy to make the same wells in all containers. Put the sunflower seeds flat side to the ground. Sifted soil is poured over the seeds, a little compacted planting, sprinkle them from the spray. The cups are covered with either glass or film and the tray with the seedlings is placed in a bright place, preferably on a windowsill.
Cucumbers will sprout in 3-4 days. If the temperature was below + 25 ° C, then shoots can be expected in 5-7 days.
Seedlings are placed on the window with the greatest illumination. If not one plant has sprouted in one glass, then you need to leave the strongest one. Excess shoots need to be cut, but not pulled out, so as not to damage the neighboring ones.
Planting of grown seedlings in the greenhouse and the first feeding
Variety Hermann is recommended to be planted in the greenhouse when the seedlings are already strong. This happens after 20-25 days after germination. The seedling should have at the time of planting in the greenhouse 3-5 strong leaf. After 10-14 days, it will be possible to arrange the dressing with urea according to the instructions indicated on the package.
Nitrogen fertilizer will accelerate growth by several times, will increase the vegetative mass of the growing seedlings. You can fertilize the soil with peat mixture, humus mixed with sand and mineral fertilizers. Fertilizer recommendations can be found on the seed bag. After feeding over the entire area under cultivation, it is necessary to decompose the mulch (a protective layer of organic material).
It is necessary to plant bushes in such a way that 25 cm remains to the edge of the bed, then the plants will not feel the lack of heat and light during bad weather. The minimum distance between the bushes is 17 cm, the optimum is 25-30 cm. The shrubs of the Herman variety are short and have strong lashes, therefore they do not need additional support. If you need to save space, they are raised vertically.
If it was initially decided to plant cucumber bushes from the greenhouse into the open ground, then work is carried out when a stable temperature has been established at + 17-20 ° C. With all the thermophilicity of Herman cucumbers, it is better to place the beds with them in places with penumbra. Direct rays from the sun can burn leaves. If you combine planting with corn, it will help the successful growth of cucumbers.
How to grow cucumbers (video)
Herman cucumbers can not be poured, they have a negative attitude to drought. It is recommended to water them up to 5 times a week, and more often on hot days. In cool and cloudy weather, watering can be limited. Watering cucumbers expediently warm and pre-settled water.
It is important to ensure that moisture does not fall on the foliage and does not erode the roots.
Excess whiskers are recommended to be regularly removed so that they do not take nutrients from the plant. Mustaches are indicators of development, if they are intensively gaining strength, then everything is fine with the bushes. To shrubs strengthened, it is recommended to remove flowers from the sinuses of the first leaves. Excess lateral shoots are torn off just next to the ovary. If organic is chosen for feeding, then pinching the top will help increase the yield by 35%.
If you follow all the rules of care, it is possible, by applying not so much effort, to grow a crop and not just once per season. There are no significant differences with the cultivation of Hermann variety, therefore gardeners who have already tried themselves in this business will not have difficulties.
Growing cucumbers Herman: tips (video)
Gallery: Herman cucumbers (25 photos)