Constipation in a piglet may indicate the presence of serious pathologies, the examination of which is vital for the animal. It may seem to people containing small pigs that the pigs are absolutely healthy, because their activity and behavior have not changed. It is important to remember that constipation in piglets is not a specific disease, it is only a symptom, the untimely elimination of which may soon turn into a problem. If the age of the mumps is small, then negligence and ignoring the problem can lead to death.
Constipation in pig
How to identify constipation in pigs
It is timely to consider the presence of negative painful symptoms in a pet - a very important step towards its treatment. Before you do anything, you need to deal with the symptoms of constipation in pigs. Veterinarians identified the following main indications for the appearance and development of the problem:
- dry skin;
- sharp amplitude temperature changes (increase up to 38-40 ° С);
- lack of appetite even for your favorite food;
- constantly lowered head;
- lethargy and general fatigue;
- bright red rash;
- bent legs and a bent body;
- shortness of breath, etc.
The appearance of evidence may be caused by improper nutrition, lack of hygiene, lack of essential trace elements and minerals, poor housing conditions in the barn (too cold or hot). Discrepancy between food intake every day and violation of feeding methods (over-dried or wet food) can also adversely affect the health of the pig.
Other symptoms manifest in the fact that the water level in the drinking bowl of a piglet during the day remains unchanged. If, when you press the belly, the pig begins to emit horrible sounds and squeaks, you need to examine it for the presence of swelling.
Another common cause of constipation in pigs is an insufficient amount of walking or active movement. It is important to take pets for a walk only to the checked places without possible dangerous objects or other farm animals.
Pig constipation: what to do
After determining the constipation in a piglet, what to do and how to treat, the vet will tell. At the same time, the owner himself must know how to take emergency measures and help the pet.
The first step of the pig breeder is to develop a strategic action plan. It is necessary to review the daily and weekly rations on the correctness of the formation. The shelf life of the feed could have ended a long time ago, or it is stored in poor conditions, subsequently transforming into a too dry or categorically wet mixture. In addition to these problems, during the analysis, others may come to light:
- a sharp transition from fat to dry, from boiled to steamed;
- good overeating after a long refusal of food;
- possible weaning of piglets and their transfer to independent feeding;
- shortage of drinking water or its terrible quality;
- feeding disturbances;
- introduction to the diet of new feed structures, etc.
A pig may have an area that is too limited in area, which causes difficulty in moving. There are situations when constipation is a consequence of infection with bronchitis or pneumonia.
In a little piglet, constipation can occur due to an unsuccessful transition to adult food. What to do? Their babies, like babies, should be gradually converted to standard products, starting with small portions. After weaning from the mother, excluding milk from the piglet’s diet is a big mistake. The correct solution would be to continue using the familiar product and gradually remove it from the menu. Poisoning can be accompanied by increased dehydration, so it is necessary to reproduce water reserves in proper quantities.
It happens that the animal needs urgent help, but there is no access to the vet. What should be the initial treatment and the first reinforcement? It is required to pour sunflower oil (1 spoon) into the piglet’s mouth. The standard for sows and adult pigs is increased to a full glass of 250 ml.
To reduce the painful sensations, pigs can be drunk with kissel on water or cooked oatmeal broth. It is advisable to add to both a few (3-5) drops of tincture of iodine to obtain an effective antibacterial agent. You can not force the animal to drink tinctures forcibly, so as not to aggravate the situation.
Even if the farmer’s education is not medical, an additional inspection can be carried out easily and quickly. It is necessary to carefully examine the fecal masses of the pig, to recall the period of their last appearance and consistency. Their absence for several days is the norm in such pets, but it is advisable to seek help from a specialist.
How to treat
Ordinary farmer pigs do not require special expensive drugs, sometimes they even positively perceive treatment by popular methods. How and what to treat constipation in pigs using a first aid kit? Experts suggest using these treatments:
- Glauber's salt (sodium sulfate) with water and salt. The purpose of this application is to create a situation of dehydration for the entrainment of water consumption.
- Castor oil.
- Vegetable oil.
- Sheets of senna (cassia), which is used to create tinctures and nutritious cereals.
Constipation in pigs can also affect piglets. Lack of milk, its poor quality and consistency, the reluctance of a sow to feed babies can turn into a weight loss for a pig, loss of vital nutrients.
Starting from the fourth day of life, it is worthwhile to place the cleaned dishes in the pigsty. It should be poured purified, warm, boiled water. After one day, it is necessary to dilute the diet with sow's milk intake. Charcoal or clay of red origin will be an excellent source of minerals, and hay cut into small pieces will enrich the nutrition of the pig.
Boiled, peeled and frayed potatoes can be given to babies from 2 weeks of age. If you adhere to just such a diet recommended by veterinarians in livestock, constipation will not torment either a pig or pigs.
prolapse of rectal prolapse Measurement of temperature in a pig! Diseases of pigs erysipelas
Constipation in sows: features and treatment
Sows have a more complex body structure than pigs. The most difficult and important point of their life cycle is giving birth. Constipation can occur after childbirth. The body of a sow is weaker and more easily accessible for infections and bacteria that can cause diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. The farmer needs to adjust the feeding process and help the animal to quickly return to its former shape.
Animal diet sows should be rich in foods with a high content of minerals, vitamins and other nutrients.
What diet should be administered if the young sow has constipation? Experts have determined the basic rules for housekeeping in the presence of sows:
- For 8-10 hours after the survey, the animal should not be fed healthy oat bran cereal, which is characterized by laxative properties.
- Constipation in a pig does not happen, if you gradually increase the nutritional rate to normal. If you do this earlier, you can cause mastitis or excessive milk formation.
- From the fourth day on, the sow should have a large amount of beets and carrots in the diet. Adding hay and herbal flour preferably from day 6.
- You can not overdo it with nutritious cereals. In this case, it is possible to prevent diarrhea and constipation in pigs. For this it is necessary to make a slow and gradual introduction of these products into the daily ration of animals.
If the pig still has constipation, then the breeder is recommended to start treatment with cleansing and then with laxatives of salt or usual warm enemas. It is possible to correct nutrition with the help of treated flax seeds, the mucus of which instantly normalizes the bowels.
Sow after the birth of piglets wants to protect children from infectious diseases and other troubles. Farmer actions should be as focused as possible.
Using the above recommendations to determine the symptoms of constipation in piglets, pigs and sows is easy.
It is important to begin treatment immediately after the occurrence of any suspicion. Doctors remind that self-medication is harmful and dangerous, therefore, having identified signs, it is better to seek help from a special doctor. He will prescribe an accurate and detailed treatment so that the animals will recover as quickly as possible and without harm to health.