Meadowsweet (meadowsweet) is a perennial herb that belongs to the Rosaceae family. In nature, it grows in a temperate climate, meadowsweet can be found on meadows, river banks or lakes. It is harvested during the flowering period, dried and used for the preparation of medicinal decoctions and infusions. The Labaznik plant can also be grown at home - it has a long and abundant flowering.
Meadowsweet combines more than 16 varieties, of which 4 are used in traditional medicine. These are perennial plants that have a straight, durable stem and leaves of different shapes - they differ depending on the species. The grass labaznik in the nature breeds seeds, quickly grows and forms thickets. Bushes can reach from 80 to 150 cm in height. Flowers form buds, painted in white or bright colors, appear in late spring and early summer.
Labaznika species and their use
Meadowsweet is grown as an ornamental plant to decorate a garden or flower beds. For therapeutic purposes, only 4 varieties will be suitable: catched, six-petal, Kamchatka and palm-shaped. Varieties of this herb are easily distinguished by the shape of the leaves, the size and color of the flowers.
Meadowsweet is one of the most useful species. An adult plant does not exceed 60-80 cm in height, while it has a developed rhizome with tubers. It can be found in well-lit areas: in the meadows and roadsides, as well as grass can grow on forest edges. Flowers form paniculate inflorescences with a white tinge and pronounced smell.
This type of meadowsweet is used for medicinal purposes. From its root, leaves and dried flowers prepare infusions and decoctions. These tools help with various pathologies:
chronic inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
diseases of the kidneys and urinary system (meadowsweet has a diuretic effect);
arthritis, arthrosis, joint pain of different origin;
decoction of rhizomes - for washing wounds from the bites of poisonous animals and insects.
Shepherd vulgaris is a rather rare species. However, it has the most pronounced healing properties and has found application, including in official medicine.
Meadowsweet is the most common variety. It is a high herbaceous plant, can reach up to 150 cm. The environment of its growth in natural conditions is forest thickets, marshes and reservoirs. This species is also used in traditional medicine and is part of the official preparations. It has a pronounced anticonvulsant, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effect, can be used for a number of diseases:
disorders of the heart and blood vessels, especially hypertension;
nervous system disorders;
dermatological problems, including burns, ulcers, diaper rash and dermatitis of any origin;
any inflammatory pathologies of internal organs;
According to the photo meadowsweet easy to distinguish from the ordinary. This plant is larger, has a straight strong stalk and feathery leaves. The inflorescences have a white tint, but they are larger and lush.
The variety of meadowsweg Elegans is distinguished by bright decorative inflorescences painted in a purple tint. These are bushes of medium height (50-100 cm) with original palmate leaves. They grow quickly, so they can be used to create flower arrays or hedges. Meadowsweet can be added to bouquets, but more often it is planted in open ground.
This variety is popular for home breeding for several reasons:
unpretentiousness to conditions of maintenance - plants tolerate temperature changes and adapt to weather conditions;
the duration of flowering - the period lasts throughout the summer;
the ability to carry the winter in the open field without shelter.
Photos of meadowsweet Elegance will be different. Shades of flowers vary from pale pink to bright crimson, the height of the plant also differs. This depends not only on the growing conditions, but also on the mode of reproduction - individuals grown from seeds are smaller and weaker.
Meadows Pile is a low ornamental plants that can reach up to 40 cm. They are popular in landscape design due to its spectacular appearance and unpretentiousness in the care. This variety adapts well in the shade of trees or higher shrubs, and in open areas. It is popular for decorating flower beds, creating lush flower arrays and low decorative borders.
In late May or early June, flower stalks up to 15 cm long appear on each bush. They are lush white inflorescences, which consist of flowers about 1 cm in diameter. The flowering period lasts at least a month.
Meadowsweet red Venusta
Venusta Labuznik is one of the largest species. Adult bushes can reach up to 2.5 m in height, are distinguished by a particularly strong stem and a developed rhizome. Flowers are collected in lush inflorescences, get staining of various shades of pink. Meadowsweet begins to bloom in early summer, but retains a decorative appearance until the first frost due to the unusual shape of the leaves. They are large, five- or seven-lobed.
Meadowsweet red is a wild plant. It can be found everywhere: in the forest-steppe zone, on the banks of rivers and reservoirs. In landscape design, these flowers are popular for creating hedges, landscaping house adjoining sites and recreation areas.
Bushes can be planted both in open areas and in the shade of trees and in mixed plantings with larger plants. However, severe darkening may result in loss of flowering.
Growing at home
Meadowsweet can be found in natural conditions. For therapeutic purposes, it is collected during the flowering period, it is also sold in pharmacies in dried powdered form. At home, more often grown ornamental varieties. They quickly take root, do not require daily care and shelter in the cold season.
There are two ways of breeding the Labaznika: seeds and division. The first method is simpler, it is enough to collect the seeds and plant them in the late fall. They need stratification (they have to transfer the winter temperature drop), so the spring planting is not suitable for them. A more reliable way is grafting. Areas of rhizome or shoots with 2–3 vegetative buds are suitable for planting. They simply put in the ground at a distance of 40-50 cm from each other. The procedure is carried out in September or in April.
Shepherd - is unpretentious plant. It can grow and bloom in the shade or under the open sun, and even endure short periods of drought. However, there are several rules that will help achieve the fastest possible growth and lush flowering of the bushes:
maintain a constant soil moisture in the flower bed;
periodically loosen the ground;
weeds are removed for decorative purposes - the meadowsweet quickly replaces extraneous crops;
bushes can be replanted at least 1 time in 5 years;
neutral or slightly acidic soils are best.
The labaznik has one peculiarity - its rhizome grows upwards. If periodically you do not add a new soil under the bush, it may be under the open sun.
Photos of meadowsweet, planting and caring which is not difficult, even for beginners, will be different. Due to the large variety of varieties, you can choose lower or higher varieties with flowers of different shades. These plants are more suitable for growing in open ground and landscaping, but they can also be grown for cutting. In bouquets, they are in harmony with other flowers, complement pastel colors and dilute brighter shades.
Meadowsaw (tavolga) - is more than 15 varieties of wild herbs. They are used for decorative and medicinal purposes, collected in natural conditions or grown at home. Plants look spectacular due to large bright inflorescences and leaves of unusual shape. This is a non-standard solution for decorating flower beds, lawns or grouped bouquets.