Plants require good lighting and a slight breeze. With a lack of sunlight delayed the aging of the stems, which are to bloom next year. However, in order to lengthen the period of flowering, you should choose places where there was a shadow at least 2-3 hours a day.
It is not recommended to plant a climbing rose on a sunlit place: the petals can burn out and the stalks get burned. Do not choose the corners of buildings: roses can not stand drafts. The most suitable place will be the place where the sun will warm the bushes right in the morning, as a result the dew will quickly evaporate, and the defeat of powdery mildew will be avoided.
Planting climbing roses is carried out in spring and autumn. Plants planted in the spring, shoots and leaves develop faster, but do not have time to form a strong root system - for this it does not have enough time. When planting in the fall, rooting occurs quickly, in the spring the plants are fully prepared for flowering.
In more severe climatic conditions, autumn plantings are undesirable: roses that did not have time to get stronger by the winter may not bear the frost and die.
It is preferable to plant them in the spring so that before the onset of the cold weather they have had time to develop and prepare for them.
Dig up the soil for several months before the intended landing, make humus, peat, lime. On the eve of planting, manure should be brought in (if the soil is acidic - dolomite flour) and watered abundantly.
The bush also requires special training. Shoots and roots are pruned, leaving 20-30 cm, so that in the future the bush blooms profusely. Root pruning sites are powdered with ashes; shoots are cut with a garden pitch to protect against infections.
The size of the hole for climbing roses should be 50x50 cm. When planted, the root collar of the shrub should be positioned so that it is about 10 cm covered with a layer of earth. When planting several rose bushes near the landing site, there should be a distance of at least 45 cm from the support. It is recommended to mulch the soil under the bush with grass or sawdust.
The plant is resistant to drought, watering is required 1 time per week. When waterlogging worsens the appearance of the rose, some diseases can develop. Growing climbing roses in regions with severe frosts requires shelter.
In preparation for the winter pruning is done: remove unripe shoots. As soon as the air temperature drops to -5 ° С, it is necessary to remove shoots from the supports and lay them down (having previously poured dry grass and lapnik on the ground). Top shoots covered with straw or dry leaves, then wrap. In the spring, the shelter is removed and the roses are placed on supports.
It is important to take shelter in time: they can get sick with high humidity and lack of fresh air. Returning to the supports after the cover is removed, they are placed in a spiral or horizontally, so that roses with new forces begin to form flowers, and not new shoots.
Properly caring for roses means timely pruning, which preserves a healthy look and contributes to abundant flowering. In the spring, weak and frozen branches are cut off, after flowering - faded shoots. It helps to rejuvenate the bush and replace shoots with new ones.
One should not forget about plant nutrition: during the growing season, complex fertilizers intended for roses or infusion of mullein are made. It is recommended to alternate organic fertilizers with mineral fertilizers or use them simultaneously. Before flowering, you need 5 dressings; from the beginning of flowering, manure should not be used.
In the process of growing reproduction is important. Reproduction by layering is recommended in the spring: the shoots are bent to the ground, some are sprinkled with soil with the addition of humus and watered regularly. By the spring of next year, the shoot takes root, it is separated from the parent plant, then grown as an independent plant.
When propagated by grafting, they are cut from the middle of the shoot (must be at least 4 buds) at the end of flowering. After planting the cuttings in the ground it is necessary to water them and loosen.
Climbing rose: reproduction and care (video)
Major Diseases and Pests
More often affected by powdery mildew and bark cancer. Mealy dew occurs in hot weather with high humidity, white spots are visible on the leaves, gradually increasing in size. Growth and flowering stop, the plant may die. It is necessary to process Bordeaux liquid.
Often found bark cancer after lifting the shelter. Small bright brown spots are visible on the bark. Gradually, they grow, capture the escape completely. It is necessary to remove the affected areas and burn. As a preventive measure, you should cover the plant and remove the shelter in a timely manner, and also not apply nitrogen fertilizer for top dressing in the fall.
Climbing roses can infect aphids and spider mites, to combat them, they apply treatment with infusion of horsetail (if there are few pests) or insecticides.
Despite the fact that growing climbing roses is not very simple and care is needed for them, their beauty allows you to transform both the garden plot and the refined garden.
How to plant and care for a climbing rose (video)
Gallery: climbing roses (15 photos)