Growing clematis in Siberia - planting and care, photo varieties for the selection of the right type, pruning and sheltering plants for the winter and many other nuances. This flower survives well even in cold climates, tolerates wintering in the open ground, and in summer it pleases with abundant flowering. Not every variety of clematis can grow in Siberia, but even for the inhabitants of this region there remains a huge choice of plant varieties.
Clematis - type description
The genus Clematis has more than 380 varieties of herbaceous or woody plants. They belong to the Buttercup family. Their main feature is the flowers of different shades and diameter, which can beautify any garden. In nature, they grow in a temperate and subtropical climate of the Northern Hemisphere, and they survive well in conditions of a long cold winter.
For successful cultivation it is worth choosing only frost-resistant clematis varieties - taking care of them is not difficult.
Clematis have several features:
Some varieties consist of an underground part and a vine: the first remains in the ground for the winter, and the second dies away;
bush form is also popular and does not require pruning for the winter;
on one bush several types of shoots can be formed; plants with new or last year's shoots will be suitable for planting in Siberia;
flowers can be simple (up to 8 petals) or double (up to 70 small petals), single or form inflorescences;
for growing in Siberia, wild varieties are not suitable.
Photos of clematis in Siberia, planting and caring for them are not difficult, no different from plants grown in warm climates. The main thing is to choose the right frost-resistant variety and follow the rules of its protection for the winter.
Growing clematis in Siberia and caring for them
Growing clematis in Siberia has its own characteristics. Under natural conditions, they do not grow here, but with proper care they easily adapt to the climate and can tolerate winter in open ground. For reproduction of these plants in the garden it is worth choosing seedlings of the correct varieties, which are best taken in special nurseries.
The seedlings that can be found on sale are young shoots. who managed to take root and are suitable for planting in open ground. However, there are several ways to grow this crop at home and in a few years to get a bright dense array from one bush:
layering - for this rooted shoots vines near the parent bush;
cuttings - young shoots are separated from the plant during their intensive growth, rooted and planted in the ground for the next year;
dividing the bush - you can divide the large, overgrown bushes from 4 years and older, for this they are cut into several parts along with the rhizome and immediately planted back into the soil.
Under natural conditions, clematis also multiply by seeds, but for growing at home, this method is not suitable. Plants germinated from seeds are less frost resistant.
Selection of varieties for planting
In Siberia, the main thing - the choice of a suitable variety. Clematis must adapt well to the climate and endure the winter without damage. They have a huge number of varieties, so for convenience they are usually classified into 3 large groups:
The first group - varieties in which flowering occurs on the shoots of last year. In Siberia, they are not grown, because the shoots need to be cut for the winter.
The second group is plants in which flowers can appear on both last year’s and young shoots. They are suitable for breeding in Siberia, but need periodic pruning.
The third group - grassy varieties, in which flowering occurs on young shoots. By winter, the green part dies off, and the rhizome remains in the ground. They can be grown in Siberia, but must be sheltered from frost.
Frost-resistant varieties of clematis for Siberia in the photo do not differ from more thermophilic species. They bloom as long and abundantly, form large inflorescences and attract attention.
Features landing clematis
For planting in the open ground suitable seedlings that have already reached 2 years of age. They should be free from damage, with a strong root system. The plant is best purchased in the fall and stored all winter in a dry, dark room. In the spring it can be planted in the soil. So it will have time to take root and will be ready to resist frost.
To plant clematis in the ground, you need to perform several steps:
dig a hole (60 cm in depth and width), lay drainage on its bottom;
prepare a special soil mixture, which will consist of soil, dolomite flour and lime;
place the seedling in the planting pit, fill it with a rhizome with a mixture and cover with sand;
organize support for young shoots.
Clematis prefer to grow on light nutrient soils with low groundwater levels. The site should be well lit and protected from the wind. It is best to plant the plants from the southern part of the house - so the wall will serve as shelter.
For the cultivation of clematis do not use organic fertilizers and peat - they are too heavy for these plants. If there is a need to feed them, it is better to purchase ready-made mineral mixture.
Clematis are perennial plants that can grow in open ground all year round. If you choose the right grade and choose the right place for planting, they will feel comfortable. However, for abundant flowering and neat appearance of the flower bed, you need to spend a little time with flowers. Comprehensive care for clematis involves several steps:
shelter for the winter.
Different varieties of clematis require abundant watering. They need moisture to build green mass and the formation of colors. On average, in the summer they have enough of one watering per week, and at the same time it is necessary to ensure that no water stagnates at the site. Moisture should saturate the deep layers of the soil and reach the rhizome.
The soil in the flower bed should be periodically loosened and cleaned of weeds. It is also useful to make ready-made mineral fertilizers. You can choose a complex mixture or use nitrogen, potash and phosphate supplements separately. It is also useful to organize a support for each flower by its growth. So creepers will not be damaged by wind and its own weight.
The main condition for growing clematis in Siberia is their shelter for the winter. Each year pruning of the shoots is carried out after flowering, and during the year you can additionally remove dry damaged branches. The shelter is formed by dry sand or peat. To do this, grassy shoots are disconnected from the support and spread in the form of a circle. Top them covered with leaves and placed in a wooden box.
Clematis varieties for cultivation in Siberia
Clematis Elegy - refers to the third group of images. The plant forms long creepers, from 3 to 3.5 m each. Blooms profuse, lasts throughout the summer. On one bush a large number of simple flowers of blue-violet shade is formed, each of which can reach up to 12-14 cm in diameter.
Clematis Luther Burbank - a description of this variety can be found in the assortment of different nurseries. It belongs to the third group of pruning, it is very cold-resistant. An adult plant reaches 2-3 m in height, forms very large purple flowers (up to 25 cm in diameter). The flowering period lasts from June to September.
Clematis Anastasia Anisimova is a plant in the form of a shrub. The flower reaches 1-1.5 m tall, almost does not need support. On one bush up to 20 shoots are formed, and on them - light blue inflorescences up to 14 cm in diameter. The flowering period lasts throughout the summer.
Clematis President in the photo looks bright and spectacular. Adult plant reaches 2-2.5 m, well attached to the support. This variety is popular for vertical gardening arches and arbors. Flowers appear on young and last year's shoots, bright blue, up to 15 cm in diameter.
Photo and description of Clematis Multi Blue can be found in almost any catalog - the variety is very popular. Its peculiarity is terry or semi-double flowers, which can be painted in different shades of blue and lilac. They are large, can reach 18 cm in diameter, are formed throughout the summer.
Clematis Miss Bateman is a large-flowered frost resistant variety. It is distinguished by snow-white single flowers up to 15 cm in diameter. Plants are resistant to frost, the adult bush reaches up to 2.5 in height.
Clematis Mrs. Cholmondeli is a large plant whose shoots can reach 3 m. They form flowers up to 18 cm in diameter. They are blue, may have a purple tint. There may be differences in the color of the petals within the same variety.
Clematis Madame le Cultre is a large-flowered variety. Throughout the summer, the plant forms bright white simple flowers with a yellow core, up to 18 cm in diameter. Bushes reach 3 m in height, in the fall need partial pruning for the winter.
Clematis Warsaw Nike (Warsaw Night) - spectacular flowers that are suitable for planting beds, arches and gazebos. This is a Polish variety, but it is highly winter-resistant and can grow in the cold climate of Siberia. The flowers are large, rich wine color with a contrasting bright heart.
Clematis Dr. Ruppel - one of the most unpretentious varieties. It grows quickly, while its vines are well attached to any support. He can climb along the walls of buildings. Its flowers are very large, up to 20 cm in diameter, the petals are painted in a bright pink tint with bright edges.
Photo clematis Nelly Moser similar to the previous grade. They are also painted in shades of white and pink, are well attached to the support, can be used to create living fences and fences. Creepers are fixed with special antennae.
Clematis Jakmana is a free-flowering variety with bright blue-violet petals. It grows quickly and can cling to different types of support with antennae. Flowering occurs on young shoots, so by the winter he needs partial pruning and shelter.
The description of clematis Rouge Cardinal necessarily focuses on its large bright colors of rich wine or burgundy hue. The velvet petals, and inflorescences can reach up to 15 cm in diameter. In the center there is a contrasting light core. The plant belongs to the third group of pruning and needs shelter for the winter.
Clematis Huldin - one of the largest species. The length of shoots-vines reaches 5 m, while they are weak and need support. The flowers are non-double, single, their petals are bright white. Inflorescences are small, up to 10 cm in diameter.
Clematis Hegli Highbrid is distinguished by colors of an unusual shape, painted in a light purple hue. It does not grow very quickly, but is abundant in color throughout the summer. If you plant it near the support, creepers will cling to the antennae and climb it.
Clematis John Paul 2 is a fast-growing variety that can reach 4 m in height. Creepers need support and can be used for the purpose of vertical gardening of objects. The flowers are large, white with a pink stripe in the center of each petal. The strip becomes more pronounced at the end of flowering.
Clematis Ernest Markham - one of the most spectacular varieties. It grows slowly, begins to bloom late (in July), but very plentifully. Its creepers can be attached to natural and artificial supports, decorating arbors or arches. Before winter, the plant needs a strong pruning.
Clematis Purpurea Plena Elegance is a variety with small double flowers of pink or crimson. More often it is used to close the walls of buildings, as it is easily attached to any supports. Flowering is long and abundant, continues throughout the summer.
Clematis Minister was bred by Estonian breeders. The flowers are large, and the bushes reach 2-2.5 m in height. The petals are blue with a pink stripe in the center, with jagged edges. The plant is well attached to the supports leafy petioles, can climb the walls of buildings.
Clematis Cosmic melody - spectacular and unpretentious variety. Shrubs reach 3-4 m in height, flowering continues throughout the summer. The main feature of the variety is its bright flowers, painted in a rich purple hue. They are small (10-14 cm in diameter), but appear in large numbers and stay on the shoots for a long time.
Photo clematis in Siberia, planting and caring for which are possible even in conditions of a long harsh winter, differ in a variety of colors and shades. They adapt to different climates, but for this they need constant care and shelter for the winter. If you follow all the rules - clematis grow quickly and bloom profusely throughout the summer.