Making the lighting of the ceiling space for any room is quite important.
Therefore, before starting to select the options for lighting the ceiling, you should pay attention to several important aspects related to the design features of the ceiling surfaces.
When installing lighting equipment, you should consider such requirements as:
- light fluxes should be evenly distributed throughout the room;
- all lighting fixtures should have the same indicators: power, intensity of emission, spectrum of light;
- light bulbs should be selected bright, durable and economical, for example, LED copies;
- the design of light fixtures and the entire interior with furniture items should be one;
- all lamps are directed upwards to create a soft, pleasant backlight, downwards for a brighter illumination;
Wires must be hidden - when flush-mounted, the wiring hides under the wall finish, in the case of open wiring, all the wires hide in the cable ducts.
Types of ceiling lighting
How to organize the lighting of the ceiling and what lamps will be used for this should be considered at the stage of finishing works. There are several types of fixtures.
The chandelier is an everyday classic. The main thing that is worth paying attention to is the weight of the product, since some ceiling surfaces, for example, drywall, may not withstand fastenings.
Chandeliers have a diffused luminous flux, so one will be enough for the entire area of the room. This is a fairly universal type of fixtures, so they are suitable for multi-level structures, and for inclined surfaces.
Built-in or outdoor spotlights - outdoor lights shine more brightly.
Such dots have an indisputable advantage - easy installation. However, it is not uncommon for such ceiling sources to damage ceiling surfaces, as a rule, tension ones. Note! Crystal chandeliers in the interior - how to choose, wash, install? 120 photos of ready-made ideas!
Lamps with a directed luminous flux - illuminate a specific area with light. Often used to illuminate the working of the kitchen area, or to adjust the area of the room.
LED (neon) tape - used for hidden lighting of ceiling structures. This tape is placed inside the eaves. It is used with any room other than the bathroom, since increased moisture is contraindicated in this product.
Types of ceiling coatings and their lighting
What should be the ceiling lighting depends on the design features of the surface.
Suspended ceiling structures are created from sheets of drywall, which are mounted on the frame profiles. For this type of surface, as a rule, use spotlights.
It is necessary to think over the location of the luminaires in advance, since holes should be made in the plasterboard coating.
Also, when plasterboard type ceiling use chandeliers. It is only important to choose the right way to fix the lamp.
If the device is not too heavy, then it is possible to fix it on the dowel-hook to the concrete surface. If the chandelier is heavy, then an anchor should be chosen.
Choose lighting for stretch ceiling surfaces more difficult. Since the film has low mechanical strength, it is impossible to fix lighting devices to it.
The best option for such a coating are dots, which are mounted in the prepared seats and practically do not emit heat.
If the chandelier is still necessary, then a hole should be made in the material in advance, through which the wires will connect to the chandelier, and then be removed under the cover decor.
It is also possible to use a hidden LED tape light for stretch ceiling surfaces.
For a concrete or wooden ceiling leaf, any type of lighting fixture will do. However, it will be rather laborious to mount point devices in such surfaces.
Lighting for each room
A corridor is often an uncomfortable narrow elongated or small square room. To shorten the long corridor, you can place the built-in lamps along the entire ceiling and direct the light down. And to increase the area of a small room should direct the light up.
Kitchen room - here the best option would be the combination of points and LED strip.
Sleeping room - here you can pick up any device from a small wall sconce to massive floor floor lamps.
For the living room, you can create a real unique ceiling design that will be the "highlight" of the whole dwelling. The photo of the ceiling lighting shows that the “starry night sky” effect can become such a ceiling.
The main condition for the type of lighting in the bathroom is a lot of bright high-quality light, due to which unwanted shadows from objects will not be discarded.