Breeding rabbits is a popular and profitable occupation. Many new farmers are attracted by the opportunity to earn money on breeding Fuzzies at home. That's because, at first glance, these animals are a gold mine for a novice businessman.
Breeding rabbits at home
Breeding rabbits at home is a good idea. With the right technique, this brings a good salary: animals get divorced quickly, their meat and fur are expensive, so such a business will cover all expenses in a year. But such an outcome is possible only with the proper maintenance and breeding of pets.
In order for home incomes to become a reality, it is necessary to learn about them as much as possible before buying eared ones. Without knowing how and what breed to choose, how to care for pets, what to feed them, where to keep and how to breed rabbits at home, you will not make much money. Not observing these elementary rules, there is a risk of facing pet diseases.
Where to buy
It is necessary to buy animals from farmers who have been breeding for a long time: this gives a wide selection of high-quality individuals. Also, these sellers are able to give a large number of tips for the care and breeding of rabbits. Separately, they are able to dwell on the problem of proper breeding of rabbits in order to develop them accordingly. The responsible breeders can clarify any information regarding animals.
For faster breeding it is necessary to pay attention to adults, but not rabbits. For adult rabbits, it is more clearly seen which breed they belong to and whether they meet all the necessary requirements.
It is recommended to buy more females for breeding and breeding rabbits: one male is enough for 10 rabbits.
Types of rocks
Before buying, you need to decide on the purpose of breeding rabbits as a means of obtaining meat, fur, or both, and on this basis choose a breed.
Those aimed at selling meat need meat breeds, which include:
- Russian ermine rabbit;
- New Zealand White;
- Gray Giant.
Choice of breed
Breeds for fur
Those who target the sale of rabbit fur should pay attention to the White Down Rabbit. Also have good fur Angora rabbits. The fur of the Silver and Vienna Blue breed is sold quickly.
Breeds for meat and fur
There are also breeds that, when bred, produce both fur and meat, these include:
When buying you need to pay attention to the health of the animal. The rabbit must have a mobile large body, shiny hair without bald patches. Ears should stick up (not in lop-eared rocks) and be pink inside. The nose of a healthy individual is mobile, the teeth bulge forward.
The abdomen should be soft and the back even, the genitals pink.
Rabbit cell content
Breeding of meat decorative rabbits is mainly produced in cages.
This method is the most common, since such a dwelling can actually be installed in any convenient place, while the rabbits will be protected from cold and rain.
The content of rabbits in the cages
The advantages of keeping rabbits in cages:
- It is easier to monitor the health of rabbits. This helps to prevent the death from infection of a large number of individuals.
- It is easier to feed the animals and get out of them.
- It is easier to carry out breeding individuals.
- The only acceptable breeding option for fur: wool does not deteriorate when kept in a single cage due to possible fights and dirt.
Cell Conservation Rules
The cages must be protected from rain, snow and wind, otherwise the pets have weakened immunity.
The floor is made of mesh: it helps with cleaning. The structure itself should be somewhere 73 × 62 × 45 cm for one animal. The walls of the dwelling are made of wood with a width of 1.5 cm. Bowls and drinking bowls should be installed in cages so that the animal can easily reach them without contaminating it.
Keep cells outdoors is best only in the warm season. In the winter it is advisable to carry the animals in a warm barn.
Content in the pits
Pit method most close to the natural conditions of the content of rabbits, but because pets in these better develop, multiply and have a more developed and strong immunity.
For breeding about 20 rabbits you need a recess of 1 m, the width of which is 2 × 2 m. You do not need to dig holes for pets, the rabbits themselves will do it, but you need to prepare their dwelling: reinforce the 3 walls of the pit with wooden planks, leaving only one under the hole.
It is better to keep rabbits in the pit in the basement or cellar. Indoors, it is advisable to make the light and place a few feeders near the wall. Even in winter, pets will be warm there.
Pros and cons of pit content
Among the advantages of pit keeping, it is noted that rabbits feel more comfortable and reproduction occurs faster than in cages. Cleaning here should be done much less frequently.
The following factors are considered to be cons:
- It is unsuitable if the goal is to obtain fur: in such an environment, the wool deteriorates, becomes dirty and coarse.
- Animals mate without human supervision, which is why there is a high risk of connections between close relatives, which leads to a decrease in the breed.
- Difficult process of cleaning and feeding.
- The rapid spread of infection.
The pit method of keeping is not suitable for places where groundwater flows: moisture accumulates in the pits, with the result that rabbits get sick.
For successful breeding rabbits you need to carefully prepare for mating. First, it is advisable to determine its appearance: group or steam room.
Selection of a pair is made taking into account the age of eared. Best suited male from 5 months to 3 years and the female from 9 to 10 months. Both partners must be ideal representatives of their breed, meet the standards.
Basic mating rules
To understand that the rabbit is ready for mating is easy in her behavior: she becomes overly active, does not eat. The female's genitals become very noticeable and pink. It is advisable to let the female to the female only to a moderately well-fed male, who previously had not more than one mating.
You need to sit down exactly the female, and not vice versa. Before mating, it is important to thoroughly rinse the entire cage, it is advisable to remove all unnecessary from it. After that, a male and a rabbit are put there.
At the end of the mating male falls on its side and makes a squeak or rumble.
The process is repeated after 5 days, but with another male. If during the second mating the female shows aggression towards the male, she most likely already wears rabbits, and therefore it makes no sense to insist on mating.
Meals during mating
Before mating, rabbits should be fed 3 times a day, but you should not overfeed. Also in the trough you need to add a little salt, fish oil and about 2 g of chalk. Barley grains, carrots, potatoes, silage, oats, bran, and hay should be included in the diet. In the summer, it is important to add fresh grass to the menu.
Pregnant females are distinguished by increased appetite and do not allow males to approach them. Already these signs give a signal to the farmer about the upcoming addition to the farm.
Another way to determine the pregnancy of a rabbit looks like this: you must take the female in your hands and touch the bottom of her belly. If the bulge is felt somewhere around 3 cm, the female is pregnant. A similar test is performed on the 15th day after mating.
Before the birth of the rabbit, it makes a nest and lays a litter out of its fluff.
Care for a pregnant rabbit
Nutrition during pregnancy and during feeding should also be varied. Nursing or pregnant females should be fed 3 to 5 times a day.
What to feed pets in such a crucial period? Food should be more fortified than the rest of the individuals. The diet should include roots, cereal feeds and vitamin supplements. Also, it will be helpful for rabbits to feed dandelion, sorrel, cereals and chalk. You should not give freshly picked grass: rabbits start diarrhea. 5-7 days before the birth of the offspring, silage and hay should be excluded from the diet of the female.
Fresh water should always be present in eared drinkers.
If the pet has no appetite, its coat has lost its shine, and the temperature is above 39 ° C, it has an infectious disease. The first security measure is to plant the infected animal from all the others in a separate cage in order to protect the rest of the pets. The next step is to invite a veterinarian to inspect the animal.
Rodents often suffer from common diseases, so when keeping eared in the basement, you should not leave food open. It is necessary to tightly close all the holes through which the mouse penetrates.
Disinfection of the room is recommended at least 1 time per week using special means. From the mold on the walls, many farmers treat the premises with lime, but before that you need to consult a veterinarian whether it is safe for pets or not.
From birth, you need to conduct preventive examinations and show pets to a specialist at least 1 time in 6 months. Many diseases are easier to cure in the initial stage.
Errors of inexperienced farmers
Many beginning breeders make the simplest mistakes in breeding rabbits: they forget to change the water in the drinkers, they don’t clean the cages at all and don’t change the litter there, don’t go to the veterinarians for vaccination against diseases, don’t know how to deal with a pregnant or lactating female, feed the eared ears, place the cells in places where the constant hot or constant draft.
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If the elementary rules for keeping rabbits are not followed, then the livestock will soon get sick and die out. The profitability of the entire enterprise will be very, very doubtful.