What breeds of rabbits for home breeding is better? This is the first question that occurs to the beginning rabbit breeder. The success of the farm depends not on the breed, but on how well a person approaches the job. It is important to understand for what purpose you will breed rabbits: to sell meat and skins or for yourself.
Popular rabbit breeds
In the world are popular 20 species.
There are several types of rabbits:
Crawls of meat breeds quickly gain weight and upon reaching six months of age they can be let into the meat. Fur breeds have a thick, soft woolen coat. Types of mixed orientation - the most popular among breeders, because their breeding allows you to get and meat products, and profitable to sell the skins.
Decorative animals are bred for pleasure as pets. Dwarf animals with long fur are bred in the conditions of an apartment to get knitting yarns.
When breeding fluffy need to take into account the climatic conditions of the region and select representatives who do not need special care. What breed of rabbits is best suited for breeding in the Russian climate?
We propose to consider the most popular breeds in order to have an idea about their content.
The first representative from our list is Flandre. In the territories of the post-Soviet space it takes root poorly. For its maintenance it is necessary to construct special heated cells, which is very expensive. In this case, Flandra is used for breeding many breeds of meat.
Flandre - a real giant compared to their relatives. Its body reaches 70 cm in length, and body weight reaches 10 kg. All over the world, this breed is valued for its tender, tasty meat and thick fur, which resembles kangaroo fur in structure.
Despite the high production performance, eared lucks require special care. Rabbit houses should be large. Representatives of the species consume a lot of feed. The little rabbits reach sexual maturity very late, so their birth is often accompanied by complications. However, if there is a sufficiently warm household building that can be adapted to their content, then there should be no problems with breeding.
New Zealand White Crawl and Baran Lop
The average body weight of the New Zealand representatives reaches 5 kg. Body muscular, lean. Distinguished pure white color. The head is small in size with erect short ears. Paws even on the soles are covered with thick fur.
New Zealand White Rabbit
Representatives of the breed very quickly gaining weight. Already by the age of 3 months, the rabbits gain 3 kg. Rabbits give large offspring to 12 rabbits. The character in rabbits is calm.
Lamb Fold - the species is very popular in Western Europe. As with Flandra, body length can reach 70 cm. Body weight 7-8 kg. Wool looks like velvet. Body lean with well-developed muscular system. The peculiarity of this type are hanging ears. Such a structure of the ears makes hearing of rabbits much worse. The nature of the animals calm and affectionate, so that they are often bred as pets in a residential environment.
White Down Crawl
On our territory you can find several varieties of this species. The color can be not only white, but also blue and black. The average body weight of animals - 4-5 kg. Case length - 51 centimeters.
White down rabbit
The fecundity of females is average. For one pregnancy, the rabbit can endure about 7 rabbits. Almost all representatives of fur breeds are well adapted to any climatic conditions. The fur of the breed is light and elastic.
Angora fur crawl
The Angora rabbit resembles a fluffy ball. Individuals of this species are often taken by children because of their benevolent, playful disposition. Their weight is only 3 kg.
Angora fluffy rabbit
Individuals of this species do not differ in precocity. Weight gaining very slowly. Rabbit for one okrol leads to 6 rabbits. Their wool requires special care. It is necessary to frequently cut hairs, for keeping warm dry cells.
Black brown crawl
Meat-skinned individuals are particularly popular among breeders due to their unpretentious care and good adaptability. The meat of this breed of rabbits has a special taste. The fur in color is similar to the fox-silver fox.
Black Brown Rabbit
Crawls quickly gain weight. Their average body weight is 5 kg. During one pregnancy, the female bears about 8 babies.
The unique color made this species in demand among fur lovers. Contrast spots resembling butterfly wings stand out clearly against a plain background. According to the color spectrum of the specks, there are such varieties:
- the black;
The view perfectly adapts to the climatic conditions of our territories. In addition to excellent wool, individuals have excellent meat, which is highly valued among gourmets. Females of this species are very prolific.
Soviet chinchilla craw
From the very name it is clear that the fur in color resembles the hair of chinchillas. Animal skins are widely used for the manufacture of fur coats and coats, not only as an imitation of chinchilla fur, but also in pure form.
Breed is appreciated also for high rates of weight gain. By 3 months of age, their weight is 3 kg. Rabbit can lead 8-10 rabbits for one okrol.
While deciding which breed is better to choose for breeding, it is recommended to pay attention to medium-weight rabbits. As for saving on feed, it all depends on the feed itself. For example, in Europe, experienced rabbit breeders and large farmers have long since switched to granulated feed. They are balanced and can provide rabbits with all the necessary minerals and vitamins for optimal growth and development.
In addition to the purchase of granulated feed, you do not need to make any extra costs. The only thing the rabbit body needs is a sufficient amount of water. With this diet, as it turned out, the most profitable breeding rabbits with average body weight. Their fecundity is rather high, and young stock very quickly catches up with weight.
Among the domestic rabbit breeders, medium-sized rabbits of such breeds are quite popular:
- Viennese blue;
- New Zealand red and white.
In addition to active weight gain, individuals of these species are distinguished by precocity and high sexual activity. The downtime interval for such individuals is much shorter than for large meat varieties. Females and male Giants reach sexual maturity 1.5 months later than the middle-sized representatives. The fur of individuals of medium size also differs in quality indicators for the better.
Differences and advantages of albinos
Deciding which breed will be more economical to breed, you should pay attention to the albino rabbits. There are several varieties of white rabbits. Among them are Butterfly, White Giant, Pannon, New Zealand. Albinos are distinguished by their calm balanced temperament.
Rabbits are not at all aggressive, so they do not spend their energy on conflicts within the species. Accordingly, to maintain the vital energy of the feed will need much less. Fat build-up is noticeably fast. All large livestock farms prefer for breeding albinos.
The benefits of keeping rabbits
Any novice farmer wonders if it is profitable to raise rabbits at all and what breed is better to have. If we analyze the world statistics and trends in the development of rabbit breeding, it will become clear that large breeds have lost their primacy. Even the countries in which they were previously considered wealth, began to refuse their breeding, because it is not profitable.
Recently, the most popular were New Zealand and California rabbits. Also, these trends are closely associated with the invention of new breeding technologies and the release of improved universal feed. Mid-size rabbits weighing up to 5 kg are distinguished by a quick weight gain. Already by the age of 3 months they can be allowed for slaughter. Individuals at this point already have a weight of 3 kg.
Today, accelerated rabbits are increasingly common in urban apartments. They are kept as pets. The character of rabbits is very calm, they get along well with children.
Trends rabbit in the territory of the Russian Federation
Despite the fact that throughout the world, individuals of medium size are very highly valued and distributed for the most part, accelerats remain in demand on the territory of Russia. For our breeders, purchasing pelleted feed is simply not affordable. It is much cheaper to feed animals with grass, which is very easy to get in the summer and prepare for the winter. Also, branches are used for feeding rabbits, grain waste, of which there is always enough in a private household.
One of the leading rabbit breeders, Mikhailov, proposed a new approach for optimal productive breeding. His system is based on studying the main needs of rabbits and aims to produce large-sized beef individuals. He proposed to keep the Giants open by a special semi-automated farm. Over time, his methods were improved.
To the question which breed of rabbits is better to choose for breeding, there is no definite answer. It is necessary to rely on target aspects and financial capabilities. Medium-sized albinos are economical in this respect: they have good performance and adaptability to any climatic conditions.
Rabbit breeding: the best breeds of rabbits and rabbits are giants. Breeds of rabbits: New Zealand, California, silver, Soviet Shinshila. The best rabbits Rabbits of meat breeds Breed of rabbits for a beginner. Councils of EvroFermy. The most profitable breeds of rabbits in home gardensCultivation of rabbits of the Californian breed in LPH Sakhon (Kharkiv region) I REFUSED from the Rabbits of the Californian breed ...
In European countries, granulated feed is used for feeding. In our territory, high-quality food of such a plan will be, firstly, problematic, and secondly, it will cost a lot. In our territories, a sufficient amount of juicy grass grows, which in combination with grain mash will be enough. In winter, rabbits are harvested hay. Unfortunately, our property, the accelerated rabbits, is absolutely not beneficial in breeding: they require keeping in large cages, which in the winter period will be problematic to heat.