How to make beds
How to equip the greenhouse inside, where to start? Properly located beds will help to arrange the greenhouse as needed, an example is shown in the photo. Many people think that the beds can be arranged as you like, as long as it was nice and comfortable for the gardener to collect the fruits. But this is a common misconception. If you customize the beds at random, the harvest may not grow at all.
Dr. Agricultural Sciences J. Mitlider offered a convenient way to arrange the greenhouse inside. For optimal growth and development of plants for the passage of the created beds should be 90 cm. The width between the beds is 45 cm. This distance allows the plants to get as much air and light as they need for a quick and proper maturation.
There is another design option beds. The beds can be beautifully located on the cardinal points. Many gardeners have beds from north to south, which is correct. But it turns out that not all plants fit this placement. The location of the beds from west to east is the most winning production. In this case, the ultraviolet rays from morning to evening fully illuminate the plants, which gives them the opportunity to grow much faster.
What make tracks
After all the issues have been resolved with the beds, it is necessary to correctly put the tracks. Staging tracks can be in the center and parallel to the garden beds.
How to make a track in the center:
- if the greenhouse is small, then the distance from one end of the greenhouse to the other is simply measured, and a path is given in the center;
- if the passage is laid in the center, respectively, the beds will be located on the sides;
- the width of the central passage must be at least 50 cm.
Principles of creating parallel tracks:
During harvesting, very often from the beds gets the land on the track. Accordingly, to prevent this from happening, you need to protect the tracks. There are many ways to fence tracks. But the easiest and most convenient - fencing boards. Before you put the boards, they are treated with special means that protect the wood from fungi and rotting. The height of the boards should be 3 cm higher than the ground level.
We make ventilation and heating
Almost all greenhouse buildings have doors and vents. This means that ventilation can be carried out independently. The main thing - in a timely manner to open and close the vents and doors. This option is suitable for those who do not want to spend money on the purchase of special devices for ventilation of greenhouses. There will be expenses only for the purchase of a thermometer for determining the temperature and a device for detecting the humidity of the air. However, if it is difficult for you to constantly check the state of the greenhouse, you will have to install an automated system.
The automation system in the greenhouse is very easy to install. Moreover, for each cultivated crop it becomes possible to adjust the microclimate that it needs for full-fledged cultivation.
There are such automated ventilation systems:
- bimetallic system - based on the work of two metals, which differ in dissimilar coefficients of expansion;
- electrical installations - devices that we use often and in everyday life;
- Ventilation by means of hydraulics is a very convenient device. Special levers are installed at the top of the greenhouse, which are connected to the greenhouse windows, the principle of operation is simple: when the temperature is heated, the levers open when the temperature drops - the window leaf closes under the action of the levers.
If the greenhouse is made of polycarbonate, then the heating is carried out under the action of sunlight. But in cold weather, when there is no sun, the greenhouse is not heated. Then you have to resort to stove heating. One of the effective heating options is to install underfloor heating. Creating such a floor will not only heat the greenhouse from the inside, but also help create a favorable heating of the beds.
How to arrange racks
The internal arrangement can diversify shelves. It is very convenient to grow plants on the shelves. They help save space, look aesthetically pleasing. Productivity will improve markedly if you place several tiers in the greenhouse. However, to install racks, it is necessary to prepare a greenhouse. First you need to make a floor. It must be strong, durable and withstand great weight. Before you put the racks, the floor must be leveled. You can pour concrete, lay tiles or bricks. After the floor is made, you can put racks. The legs of the structure can be concreted into the floor for greater reliability.
Shelving can be made of wood. But you should know that beforehand it should be lubricated with special solutions. Shelving should not be too high, otherwise the light will not reach other plants. Shelving should be conveniently located, approximately at the level of the human eye.
Thus, there are many options for how to equip the greenhouse inside, examples can be seen in the photo.
How to make beds in a greenhouse (video)
Gallery: arrangement of greenhouses inside (15 photos)