Spring planting boom begins with careful planning of garden work. To get a decent harvest in the end and enjoy the fruits of your labor in the winter, you need to choose one of the 15 best cucumber varieties for the middle band. Some gardeners will want to grow these fruits in a greenhouse, while others - on their balcony. With the first glimpses of heat, most will switch to gardens, and the open ground is a completely different element. In this regard, for each of the mentioned labor sites you need to choose decent "inhabitants". The knowledge of these nuances will help farmers to achieve the best results.
Briefly about the main thing
When planting any culture should focus on weather conditions in the region. To do this, you can analyze the weather of previous years and make an overall picture, having determined the date. Then there is the process of waiting. As soon as the thermometer does not drop below + 5 ° C for 5-7 days, then it’s time to open the summer season. In the middle lane is approximately the month of May or the beginning of June. Still, sowing seeds for seedlings in the greenhouse is carried out 2-3 weeks before. In parallel with this, the farmer needs to solve four important questions:
landing place (garden, balcony or greenhouse);
harvest time (one of the summer months);
the duration of fruiting;
for what purposes growing: salting, canning, selling or eating fresh cucumbers.
The gardener must calculate the approximate date of carrying the seedlings into open ground and count back from it 21 days. In total, it will be mid-March or early April. This will be the approximate sowing time for seedlings.
Having decided on these moments, the summer resident should pay attention to the features of some varieties of green stuff. For example, early varieties of cucumbers bear fruit for a relatively short period. At the same time, their fruits can suffer from various pests and sores. Yet the advantages of such crops include the fact that in 40-50 days you can enjoy the first harvest.
The taste of these hybrids and early ripening is special, because their skin does not give bitterness. Some of them can even be canned or salted. However, it is important to understand that in the middle zone they are threatened by diseases that affect cucumbers. Then the farmer will have to fight with real / downy mildew or bacteriosis. In view of this, it is important for one's land to select the right type of culture.
Some mistresses practice sowing half of their “plantations” with varieties just for salting, and leaving the second for universal or salad varieties.
The top five for the greenhouse
Most do not want to deprive themselves of the pleasure to eat green stuff, so they choose this method of growing them. Cool outside the window is not a reason to rest on your laurels, because in the greenhouse / greenhouse you need to have time to do a lot. They rush to choose the best varieties of cucumbers for their greenhouses. The main features of such "sprinter" growth is that the side shoots of the plant do not need to pinch. The shortened weaving forms a compact bush. It is not very lush, so moisture is not collected in its foliage. After all, because of it, the stem can begin to rot, and the greenery becomes covered with powdery mildew. Among the many bred hybrids worth highlighting 5-tb, which are well suited for the mission "Greenhouse".
"Murashka F1" - a favorite of many
This variety is a generalist in the truest sense of the word. He perfectly fructifies in any conditions: greenhouse, vegetable garden or balcony. In addition, not afraid of bad weather conditions. Fruits tied even on cool days. Since the greens have excellent taste, they can be used for blanks of a different plan. Culture is also valued for:
early maturity (maximum 45 days);
high yield, because more than 3 ovaries form near the leaves;
visual appeal (thick bush grows medium size, not letting a lot of long shoots);
original taste: unsurpassed flavor, crunchy flesh and lack of bitterness;
dark green fruit (12 cm) is covered with black spikes, which are planted on large tubercles.
Such a characteristic makes this hybrid the first in the top five best varieties of cucumbers for the greenhouse. The age of seeds for sowing should be from 3 years and more. Before planting, it is important to disinfect them with a solution of potassium permanganate.
Germination varieties "Murashka F1" is very high, so the beds should be thinned. Otherwise, the plant will grow slowly. Moreover, a groove in the groove is made up to 5 cm.
"Emelya F1" - from the peasant to the prince
Initially, the breeders brought it as a salad sub-variety, but later many housewives began using fruits for canning / salinization. Hybrid "Emelya F1" easily endures cool cyclones, giving excellent yields in bad weather conditions. However, the ovaries, as well as the fruits, are developing more actively in rooms with heating systems. Characteristic features of this culture are:
flowering - female;
laying ovaries beam type;
40-45 days of the growing season;
spindle-shaped fruit, 15 cm long and weighing 120-150 g (diameter up to 4 cm);
thin skin and without taste of bitterness;
Krupnobugorchataya surface is covered with white spikes;
shade - deep green;
leaves slightly undulating with a smooth edge.
From one square meter a farmer can harvest from 12 to 16 kg of crop. However, it is important to ensure that no powdery mildew or a cucumber mosaic virus hits the leaves. This happens often with androgynous fruits.
Planting should be planted at a distance of 50-75 cm. Then the plant will be able to successfully develop in a greenhouse.
"Benefit F1" - the play is not over
From sowing to the appearance of full fruits, either 40 or 50 days can pass. At the same time, flowering (mostly female) is self-pollinated, without the intervention of insects. Each bosom of the leaflet has one pair (2 pieces) or a whole “quartet” (4 pieces) of the ovaries, 8 mm long. From them grow refined 10-centimeter Zelentsy oval.
From a small piece of land (1 m²) a farmer can get up to 6-8 kg of elegant gherkins. Behind the elastic fruit lies a delicate and sweetish taste. Zelentsy "Benefis F1" perfectly tolerate transportation and retain their properties during long-term storage. Many grow them for sale. The crop grows excellently in moist soils, which makes it resistant to the ruthless powdery mildew and root rot.
For seedlings their seeds are sown in late April. Transfer young seedlings on the land "land" experts recommend only a month later.
His styled "Alekseevich F1"
Despite such a loud title, these gherkins grow up to 8 cm in length. The girth of a miniature fruit in the form of a cylinder is not more than 4-5 cm. Nevertheless, many people prefer precisely the “Alekseevich” cucumber variety, because its yield is 14 kg / m². These greenhouses are suitable for pickling and salting. But for such purposes they need to be collected on time, when they are no larger than pickles or gherkins. Millions love them for unique features, namely:
crust without tubercles and sharp spines;
Zelentsy ripen almost simultaneously;
germination is observed before all other species;
fruits can be harvested after 38-43 days after germination;
tallness and branching average.
This culture bears fruit from May and almost until October. Inflorescences do not fall off and are rarely empty. Fruits grow smooth, not twisting.
For successful fruiting of the variety, it is necessary to maintain the temperature in the room not lower than 12-15 ° С
"Boy with a finger" comes from a fairy tale
The first fruits appear on the 40-45 day after sowing the seeds. Oval-shaped dark green cylinders covered with small spikes. The tubercles are not very clearly expressed. The peculiarity of this hybrid is that all cucumbers are the same size. The bush is so thickly hung with them that from the square. meters can collect up to 14 kg of such wealth. In addition, each individual instance will be:
weighing 50-60 g (keeping all its juiciness);
up to 10 cm;
3-4 cm in diameter (without dense skin).
In one bundle, the hostess will find up to 6 ovaries. It is remarkable, but empty flowers come across very rarely. The bush has an impressive appearance, but the shoots are weakly woven and do not grow much.
As the fruits outgrow, they need to be collected on time, that is, every 2 days or more often. As soon as they grow up to 6-8 cm in length, they are recommended to be plucked.
What seeds to go to the garden?
The protected soil and the favorable microclimate of the greenhouse will not replace the plants with fresh air, nourishing rain, and the rays of the spring sun. Especially since with an overall land plot you can get an unlimited amount of appetizing product. Understanding this, you should know which types of cucumbers for open ground are the best. It is these seeds that you need to take with you when leaving in the spring to the garden.
April F1 - The Early Spring Bird
This hybrid is not afraid of cold weather. The emergence of the harvest can be observed at 45 or 55 days after the germination of the first shoots. Some gardeners begin planting seeds very early. In such cases, you must use the film to create a greenhouse effect.
Over the next 30 days, the ovary "together" are formed. However, the best performance recorded due to two factors: early planting and insect pollinators. Due to this, from his small plantation the farmer will harvest from 7 to 13 kg (from 1 sq. M) of harvest. These cucumbers are characterized by the following features:
large size: 20-25 cm;
optimum weight - from 200 to 250 g;
tubercles small and rarely located;
Zelenets does not turn yellow and does not outgrow.
Many people like to grow this crop, because it does not require special care. The bush has a compact form, because the branches themselves control the degree of their growth.
Planted seedlings in open ground is recommended for 15-20 days after sowing. Seeds deepen only 0.5 or 1 cm into the soil. You can make 2 parallel beds, between which there must be at least half a meter width.
"Masha F1", but without a bear
Among the 15 best varieties of cucumbers for growing in the middle lane, this is considered the leader in ripening speed. Only 35 days and a salad of fragrant gherkins will be an original addition to the festive table. Mass harvest is collected on the 40th day, which allows them to be canned. The result is that they are crispy and juicy. Distinctive features of the variety "Masha F1" are:
correct, almost even shape of the fruit (up to 10 cm);
bumpy surface with large tubercles;
sweet taste, without the slightest bitterness;
high yield over a long period;
tolerance for adverse conditions.
Mosaic virus and powdery mildew bypass the culture side. However, white rot or anthracnose may appear on the leaves and stalks over time.
To avoid damage to the bush with diseases, one should fertilize the soil with mullein or humus, and also disinfect the seeds before planting.
"Competitor" to all the rest
The branches of this hybrid are so strongly developed that they can reach 2 meters in length. With the help of graceful antennae, the plant clings to fences or other structures. Yellow flowers are formed on the stems, which emit pollen. Within only a few hours, it is viable, so plant a crop preferably near an apiary. As a result, after 1.5 months you can go to the garden with baskets for harvesting, and so on for the next 3 months. These greenhouses have:
12 centimeter fetus;
weight about 120 g;
long stalk (this is a bonus for the assembly);
ribbed surface, painted with white stripes.
Sudden temperature drops adversely affect fruiting. In this regard, the site must be protected from such anomalies, using different devices.
"Spring F1" - a source of refreshment
It belongs to the category of middle-ripening varieties, since the first fruits on the stem can be picked on the 55th day after seed germination. The inflorescences of the plant are pollinated due to the active work of the bees. Up to three knots are tied in one bundle, and the stem itself can start up to 5 shoots. Zelentsy reach 12 cm, gaining weight up to 100 g. Outwardly, they look like barrels of a light green shade with small pimples.
Since the black thorns are not very densely arranged, it is much more convenient to collect the fruits. These cucumbers retain their flavor characteristics even when salting, as well as canning.
To get about 25 kg of Zelentsov, you need to grow a variety in the trellis way. Otherwise, this figure drops to 5-7 kg.
"Ant F1" - this is not a detachment of Hymenoptera
About this hybrid variety of cucumbers you need to know that the stem does not allow long side shoots, so the bush is compact. Pollen flowering without the intervention of bees. The period of fruiting begins after 35 or more days. It used to be much earlier than other hides. Despite this, they bear fruit for a relatively short time. Externally, greenhouses resemble real ants, just under a magnifying glass:
rare black spikes;
smooth gradation of color from pale to swamp with pronounced white stripes near the nose;
oval-cylindrical shape of the fetus;
in a section happens to 4 cm;
pulp density is average.
Of course, they are several times larger in size than insects - almost 11 cm. In one bundle up to 3-7 cucumbers are tied at once. Therefore, from a small plot, the summer resident can expect up to 12 kg of abundant harvest.
When growing them in a container, seedlings should be watered, maintaining the temperature in the room not lower than 12 degrees. It is desirable to transfer to the soil already at the order on seedlings from 3 to 5 leaves.
"Erofey" from the Russian hinterland
This real wagon is like for any culinary experiments. The variety amazes everyone with its paradox. On a thick, magnificently growing bush miniature Zelentsy "flaunt themselves" (only 6-7 cm). These oblong fruits are somewhat similar to chicken eggs, but with some differences. The peel has small tubercles and is decorated with symmetrical light green stripes. The type of flowering in the variety "Erofey" is mixed.
In open ground, seedlings are transferred at a temperature of + 15 ° C. In this case, the beds need to weed, removing weeds and loose soil. During the growing season does not need to neglect top dressing. It is worth watering the culture in the evening hours.
In addition to the above-mentioned varieties, many farmers have successfully "collaborated" with other hybrid varieties. Among them is the popular "Phoenix", for which on the garden it is necessary to build a temporary shelter from the film. But this is only at first. While the "Far East" withstands almost all the vagaries of nature.
Grow even in the shade
Separate descriptions deserve varieties of cucumbers, which are suitable for shady places. Each suburban area has a different degree of relief. Because of this, there are areas that are heated by the sun is not fully. They do not recommend planting peppers, tomatoes or eggplants. In this scenario, greenhouses virtually no space in the garden. To help gardeners came breeders. They brought out several varieties of cucumbers, which perfectly "get along" in shady areas. They need to get acquainted closer.
"F1 firm secret" found
A rather humid microclimate is created in the shade. The genetic characteristics of this hybrid make it protected from powdery mildew, as well as moldy fungus. In turn, only one or two flowers are pollinated on the stem. After 38 days, young fluffy fruits appear in their place. They grow to almost 14 cm and weigh about 120 g. A sharp nose and a thin cucumber neck harmoniously complement each other. Its greenish skin is covered with sparse and randomly scattered pimples. The plant is mostly low-growing, so the crop is sown early.
"Murom 36" - the address of the monastery or factory
On the boundaries of the garden and garden, you can easily plant a whole "avenue" of this culture. On the expiration of literally 1.5 months, greens will be ready for use. Yet this hybrid is bred solely for salting. The main characteristics of the variety include the following:
relatively smooth surface covered with small tubercles;
length not more than 8 cm;
in section it resembles an ellipse.
Up to 15 of August, the plant bears fruit at a heightened pace. Based on 1 square. m turns 4 kg. Still, then the leaves and stalks fall into fungal diseases, which is why the culture gradually disappears.
Harvesting should be carried out in a short time. The peel literally gets a yellowish tint per day. Therefore, they should be plucked as often as possible.
How are we dear "Moscow evenings F1"
The yield of this hybrid type is more than 16 kg per square meter. This is despite the fact that it grows in partial shade. For residents of the middle band, this sort of real find. Gorgeous fruit with several tubercles reaches 14 centimeters in length. The advantages of this culture are:
female type of flowering (do not need pollination);
shoots lagging heavily;
branches are located on a powerful stalk;
almost simultaneous ripening.
Yet these greenhouses are afraid of a sharp drop in temperature, so they are not suitable for the autumn-winter season.
You can grow them using the trellis method or build a foundation in the shape of a hut.
Private garden on the balcony
The gardener's instinct manifests itself in many townspeople. However, due to the tight schedule and remoteness of rural areas, it’s not so easy to turn your ideas into reality. This trouble is solved very simply. To do this, just pick the best varieties of cucumbers for the balcony. As a result, an unprecedented appetite will be played out from the crisp sound of nibbling from the greens of all neighbors.
"Swallowtail F1" - almost relatives of large butterflies
Balconies, verandas, loggias, as well as greenhouses can be a great place for this gherkin type. The elongated stem releases short sprouts that do not grow. Refined rough leaves look exquisitely in the home interior. Due to its excellent taste, cucumbers are suitable for both salads and pickles. From one node grows up to 10 Zelentsov, 7 or 11 cm long (60-100 g each). The diameter of the fruit is no more than 3.5 cm. But not only the “Machaon” possesses such characteristics.
The following types of cucumbers “get along” perfectly with this culture:
This description includes only 15 of the best varieties of cucumbers for the middle band, but there are tens of thousands in the world. Yet without the hard work of a gardener, any of them will simply wither.
The best varieties of cucumbers for open ground - video