Color has an effect on the mood and behavior of a person. Some colors soothe, relax, others - encourage to certain actions, therefore creating an interior design, it is important to choose the right color scheme for the room. When finishing the kitchen, the combination of colors in the interior can visually expand the space, which is often not enough, affect the perception - then the food will be especially tasty, and even the children will eat lunch with appetite.
Color for the kitchen is very important, because this is our mood!
Basic design rules
The main functions of color in the interior - changing the visual perception of the size, volume of the room, the division of the kitchen area into zones - working, eating area, psychological impact on the person.
Available kitchen sizes rarely suit the hostess. One is uncomfortable in a small room, the other - in a huge one. The correct combination of colors in the interior of the kitchen can visually change the parameters of the room. You yourself will notice that the room has become larger if you choose during the decoration:
- Light shades;
- Glossy surfaces;
- Bright tones.
The combination of mint with red and yellow makes the interior lighter and fresher
Dark, opaque coatings reduce space, bring objects closer, visually reduce the level of the ceiling.
Different effects on the human eye have warm and cold colors:
- Light cold tones expand walls;
- Warm shades create comfort in a spacious room.
choosing colors for the kitchen, should be guided by the location of the room
Knowing such optical properties of paints, you can change the visual perception of the kitchen - to expand the space, raise the ceiling, change the configuration of the room, for example, if it is a long, narrow “pencil case”, zoom in, pull away objects.
Making out the kitchen in different colors, you need to try not to overload the space
With the help of color schemes, it is possible to distinguish zones, kitchen objects: to separate the workplace of the hostess from the dining room. Often this technique is used in large kitchens, canteens, kitchens combined with the living room. In this case, zoning is possible both within the same color - the use of different shades, and contrast - the combination of completely different colors.
- The first is often used in the same room: the dining area and the place of cooking stand out with different tones of the same color, while maintaining the harmony of a single space.
- The second one is possible both with a combined kitchen and living room, as well as within a spacious kitchen. It is not necessary to draw up a working area with one paint, and a dining one with another. Here, use the rule 60/30/10, choosing a background color (60%), an additional tone (30%) and an accent (10%).
Purple and white were used as a kitchen zoning solution.
Psychological perception of color
Each person perceives the surrounding color palette in his own way. It is believed that 80% of the color affects the nervous system, and only 20% - on the eyes. In general, a person can recognize up to 10 million colors. Psychologists say:
- Warm shades - sunny yellow, red, red - improve the appetite, accelerate the heartbeat;
- Cold tones relax, slow down the reaction;
- Pastel shades - improve the work of the digestive system, awaken the appetite.
Cool shades of turquoise, pink, red and purple colors significantly refresh the interior of the kitchen
Important! This effect has a "pure" colors, mixed colors will be perceived by a person differently.
Color matching rules
The coloring divides the whole color palette into light - dark colors, warm - cold, pastel - rich. Achromatic - white, black, other colors - chromatic.
Designers came up with a color wheel, the center of which is a triangle (3 primary colors - red, blue, yellow). Triangle edges are complementary colors formed by the combination of the first three. Red plus blue will end up with purple, blue with yellow — green, and yellow with red, respectively, orange. Primary colors give each other the perfect combination.
Color wheel for the selection of colors in the interior of the kitchen
Contrast colors combine well with each other, in a circle they are opposite each other. Relatively contrasting colors are colors obtained by adding to two of the third shade — orange, lime green with adding yellow.
Organic combination of yellow, green and beige in the kitchen
Important! The most harmonious combinations of colors - 2 contrasting, 3 colors, forming a triangle on a circle, 4 - forming a square. These are the most complex color schemes.
Monochrome interior - white, white and black can be made completely not boring. White color creates a feeling of spaciousness, adds light to a small kitchen. White - the color of harmony, it eliminates the negative. Choosing a white tone for the design of the kitchen space, stop focusing on warm shades, they push the walls apart, adjust them to the positive.
White kitchen does not mean sterile blinding monotony - the snow facades of the kitchen unit can be complemented with marble stains on the countertop, with light patches on the artificial stone. Matt or chrome rails will also harmoniously fit into the interior of a monochrome white kitchen.
To achromatic interiors include combinations of black and white, because both do not carry the color load. Popular combinations of black and white in the following styles:
- High tech;
To complement the design of the kitchen space will be able to household appliances in the metallic body (silver, black), moldings, roof rails.
Illumination is of great importance in such a kitchen - cold snow-white will accentuate silvery details, make an accent on them, white furniture can be highlighted with colored LED tape.
About the influence of colors on the psyche, human behavior has already been mentioned above. The right combination of colors in the design of the kitchen will become a means of creating style, with the right selection of color variations, they will complement each other.
When combining paints, it is recommended to use the following techniques:
- Monochrome - the use of lighter or darker shades of the same color. For example, light green, spring greens, rich deep grass or lime, olive plus moss color.
- Related colors - located on the color wheel in close proximity to each other.
- Contrasting - are at opposite ends of the color wheel: lime - purple, yellow - blue, pink - lime.
- Akin to contrast when a third is added to two shades. Successful combinations - red with violet, pink or blue with lilac, violet.
When choosing combinations to create a kitchen design, consider the effect of colors on the human body and psyche:
- Red - causes arousal, increases pressure;
- Brown, wood - declines to melancholy, depressive state;
- Gray casts despondency, longing;
- Blue - declines to sleep.
Important! Light, pastel colors cause a surge of energy, dark - black and purple, anthracite, dark blue, on the contrary, lead to a breakdown, reduce vitality.
Design rule 60/30/10 recommends making color combinations when creating a kitchen interior, based on the main emphasis. This focal subject can be:
- Kitchen apron;
- Wall decoration;
This main subject of the kitchen should be a color spot, that is, those same 10%. Based on them, you need to choose a primary, background color and accentuate.
For example, with a bright red apron will harmoniously coexist gray, snow-white, brown, black trim, furniture. Choosing an apron of green tones, pay attention to the combination in the interior of the kitchen beige, herbal.
As already mentioned, the orange color improves mood, increases appetite. If there are people in your family who have a bad appetite, create a kitchen with orange notes - an apron, a tablecloth, textiles on the windows. Choosing what color combines orange in the interior of the kitchen, you can make the main color - lime, an additional - brown, and complete the interior with bright accessories.
Choosing a color for the kitchen
Determining the color scheme to create a kitchen interior, you need to proceed from your own preferences, taking into account the above tips on color combinations. The correct ratio of background and accent colors will allow you to create not only unique but also harmonious room design.
The choice of white to create a kitchen design in any style is just perfect. It is combined with all colors - both bright and pastel. Just avoid creating a “hospital” interior, painting walls white and choosing the same furniture. If you want to get a very bright space, there are many combinations of white kitchen with other colors.
You can choose white as a background, and the second, additional, light shade of natural wood. The emphasis can be any. For example, a kitchen set can be made from light beech, posters on the walls, textiles can be chosen in the warm color of milk chocolate, cocoa. Great combination for classic style, Provence, Chebbi-chic.
White kitchen set - a good addition to the walls painted in pastel colors, black countertop. Suitable design for minimalist styles, hi-tech. The versatility of white allows you to create both monochrome interiors and multi-color.
Designers recommend handling red carefully - it increases activity, can cause aggression, and anxiety in children.
Therefore, it is recommended not to use red paint as a background paint. The photo shows how to create a harmonious interior of the kitchen in red, combining it with other tones.
The best options - the combination of red with white, black, gray, brown. With blue, green, it looks extravagant, for the kitchen is too aggressive combination. Choose scarlet as an extra shade on a beige, light gray kitchen (furniture fronts) or use as an accent (chairs in the dining area, bright poster, vase).
Yellow and orange
Bright yellow, orange are considered warming, friendly tones. They are associated with summer, sun, sunflowers, oranges. Well suited for the kitchen, uplifting, awakening appetite. An incomparable orange tone can be used in the interior of a small kitchen with windows facing the north side - the room will be filled with sun, light.
Interesting results are obtained by combining bright colors in the interior of the kitchen with orange color:
It is important to choose the right options, to place accents.
This tone is most associated with the sea, the sky, so it can be used for interiors of Mediterranean, Scandinavian styles. In other style designs it is better to use it carefully.
Blue ebb can be a complement to white, milky, gray. You should not choose dark shades as the background, it is better to add blue notes in textiles, furniture in the kitchen.
Beige and brown
All shades of brown, soft, warm tones of beige symbolize unity with nature. Therefore, they are well suited for eco-style, rustic designs. Choosing which color combines beige, pay attention to the use of variations of green, orange and yellow in the kitchen interior.
Warm shades of a beige headset can be highlighted with wallpaper with a small floral design. The result is a small but cozy kitchen in a romantic Provence style.
Important! Fresh flowers in the interior of a beige kitchen - a great accent, emphasizing the unity of man with nature, creating home comfort.
Brown shades are most often represented in the interior of the kitchen using wooden parts - countertop, window sill, cabinet fronts, furniture for the dining area. Wood is an unchanging material when creating classic, rustic styles.
If you want to live brightly - color your everyday life using a harmonious combination of colors in the interior of the kitchen. Put accents, and you will realize that there are actually more color variations than rainbows. Proper use of them will expand the foreseeable boundaries of not only the space limited by kitchen walls, it will create your mood for every day.