A small kitchen is not the end of the world. Modern manufacturers offer many options for concise, functional furniture. It can satisfy all the needs of the owners in storage systems and work surfaces. Affordable materials will provide high-quality interior decoration, and modern household appliances that combine many functions will perfectly fit even in a limited area. If it is still difficult for you to believe that the design of small kitchens can be cozy and stylish, then we suggest reading our article and taking a look at the presented photos.
Design features of a small kitchen
A small kitchen is a whole epoch when typical buildings with a compact area were erected throughout the country. The ideology of the commune, when everyone lives together, studies and works near the house, was confirmed by the norms of SNiP, which carefully calculated to centimeters how much space a Soviet woman needs for cooking in small apartment kitchens. According to the new rules, the auxiliary area of residential apartments has been increased, therefore today houses with kitchens from nine meters are being built.
And what about those who have the very "strictly calculated" kitchen with a small area? First, it is necessary to determine the purpose of this room. If only food is prepared here, and the dining group is located in the living room, then this is one type of planning. And if it also serves as a dining room, you will have to use other methods to place at least a small dining table or a transforming surface.
And secondly, it is worthwhile to carefully measure out the available area, then consider the layout and design ideas of a small kitchen. Here some standard ways of setting furniture may not be suitable, bulky home appliances will not fit. And for the placement of kitchen utensils will have to come up with original solutions that will only benefit this interior. We need to take care of ergonomics, so that every centimeter is used with benefit.
Important! In addition to the arrangement of furniture, it is planned to move around the kitchen, this is especially important if the area is fairly limited.
Ways to visually expand the space
To achieve the desired functionality of the kitchen is impossible without some design techniques that will help to visually expand the space, adding volume to it.
So that the smallest kitchens do not look like branches of closets, their design assumes the presence of a lot of light, as in the photo. The gloom and twilight significantly "eat up" the space, so the windows are decorated with light bright curtains. Instead of night portiere enough to put blinds. We choose the lacquer surfaces of the facades with reflective properties, a mirror apron, and a glass worktop. And be sure to do several levels of lighting. For the kitchen with low ceilings will not fit bulky chandelier. It can be replaced with a wall canopy or a number of point lamps. Need and highlight the work area. And where to make it: on the eaves of the kitchen set or above the kitchen apron - the owners decide.
Making out the kitchen, stop your choice on light colors. They will help to significantly expand the room, make it clean and volume. The monochrome variant, sustained in light gray, sand, beige tones, and also in shades of white, is well suited. Perfectly pastel colors with light prints, with calm patterns and patterns available. You can dilute the unobtrusive background with bright accents with objects, but there shouldn't be too many of them. Large objects of a contrasting color will attract attention, forcing the room to visually “shrink”. White ceiling, light walls, furniture in tone - the best option. Correctly chosen color scheme of a small kitchen is shown in the photo.
Small kitchens, as a rule, do not have a good ceiling height. In order not to experience the feeling of a cramped doll box, choose the finish of light colors. Ceilings are usually suggested to just whiten. The built-in construction of drywall or stretched canvas will add beauty and originality, but just "eat up" the height of the walls. Help and some design tricks. For example, visually lift the ceiling wallpaper or curtains with vertical stripes. A good idea for a small kitchen would be a series of photographs or paintings hung over each other.
Door or arch
Ideal options would be to combine a kitchen with a closet or living room. But this method is not available to everyone, and going to the authorities to legitimize redevelopment can be a big headache. But to remove the door and replace the doorway with an arch is a simpler and more convenient option. You can also put a sliding model door or door-accordion.
Types of kitchen design
Whichever layout for the kitchen is chosen, it should:
- Create the illusion of a spacious room;
- Use the available space to the maximum;
- Be a model of convenience and functionality.
In order to reasonably and ergonomically place all the pieces of furniture in such a small kitchen, consider the various options for planning.
This method of placement involves placing the furniture in one line along the wall. These photos confirm how straight lines for furniture sets are suitable for small kitchens of brezhnevok and Khrushchev houses. Ideas for such a layout are quite simple in execution. There is no particular originality here, but the furniture in the kitchen is practical. In the center of the room appears free space, which is convenient to move. Hanging cabinets are also located on the side of the rest of the furniture. They may have different dimensions, but they need to be hung at such a height so as not to hit their heads against open doors.
This layout also includes placing the fridge in line with the rest of the headset. Or it is supposed to take it out of the kitchen. Linear layout leaves little space for the work surface. It can be increased by combining the table top with a window sill or a built-in sink, which, if necessary, can be closed, turning into a continuation of the desktop.
With a two-line layout, it is supposed to place all kitchen furniture along two walls. This is a good option for elongated or walk-through facilities. However, it should be borne in mind that between two rows of furniture should leave a distance of not less than 120 centimeters. This will allow two people to be in here and not interfere with each other.
To enhance the functionality of the kitchen, three main points - sink, stove, refrigerator - are placed on different sides. Sink and stove are usually located nearby, it is convenient for cooking. The refrigerator is placed on the opposite side, which prevents the whole space from cluttering up, but at the same time it is located in the working area. With a two-line layout, cabinets are hung on both sides of the kitchen. There is no space for a full-fledged dining table. It is either taken out to another room, or retractable shelves are used as the dining tabletop.
U-shaped kitchens assume the placement of furniture and household appliances along the three walls. This placement is quite convenient for cooking. Stove, sink and refrigerator are located nearby. You can cook almost standing in one place. Since everything is at hand, cooking takes less time and also does not take a lot of energy.
The advantage of such a kitchen is a smooth transition between the kitchen and the living room, especially if it is part of a large combined room. Successful this option for kitchens in Khrushchev and studio apartments. Each side of the u-shaped headset performs its task perfectly. On one are the storage areas: cabinets, refrigerator, shelves. On the other wall there is a place for cooking, on the third - a built-in sink and a zone for dishes. Together they create an ergonomic kitchen triangle.
Note! In the kitchen, combined with the living room, the boundary between the two key areas can be a bar counter, located above the working tabletop. Above it, you can make hanging rails for storing glasses.
Such a layout requires the placement of kitchen furniture in the shape of the letter D and occupies two adjacent walls. The opposite corner remains free for a small kitchenette and dining table. Ordered built-in kitchen in the form of the letter D places several cabinets on different walls, which will allow more efficient use of the area.
Corner furniture advantageously uses the space of the corner, for which a large wardrobe with a retractable shelf design is made here. Often mounts and a small sink. This is not always convenient, but leaves more space for the table top. The main part of the kitchen unit is located on the long wall, and the refrigerator and household appliances - on the other, shorter.
Household appliances and accessories
For a small kitchen, a small fridge is great, which saves space. Instead of a model with a wide door, it is better to put high and narrow. Today, there are many options for refrigerators in which the doors can be outweighed on different sides, so that it is convenient to use other pieces of furniture. A small family will be enough for a small model that is located under the table top.
Also under the common surface of the desktop can be placed a washing machine or dishwasher. When purchasing any household appliances and equipment, you need based on the needs of a particular family. For a family of 3-4 people do not buy a dishwasher, which takes enough space. Instead of a gas or electric stove with an oven, choose a hob for 2-3 burners. By placing it perpendicular to the wall, you can significantly save the surface of the desktop. The presented photo confirms, no matter how small the kitchen, it is better to order built-in furniture and equipment for it, as in the photo.
Prefer multifunctional household appliances. Now produced a huge amount of equipment designed to facilitate the work of the hostess. Some of them perfectly combine several functions at once. For example, the same multicooker will replace several pans at once, an oven for baking, and a frying pan. Jam and yoghurt can be made on it. When choosing kitchen utensils and household appliances do not forget about the unity of the design of the room. Various design ideas for a small kitchen are presented in the photo.
How to save space in the kitchen
Kitchen utensils do not happen much. Any hostess who is trying to buy a lot of items that make the process of cooking more convenient and fast knows this. The following ideas for a small kitchen will help you to use space wisely and profitably:
- To completely fill the cabinets, purchase wicker boxes, plastic baskets and rectangular containers;
- On one of the walls of the refrigerator is convenient to attach plastic baskets for spices, coffee, tea;
- On the doors inside the cabinets can be placed rather narrow containers, which will contain the necessary items;
- If there is a corner cupboard, it can be filled with pots and pans using special hooks, as well as a retractable stand.
- On the doors inside, glue a few hooks to hang the measuring containers;
- Covers, pots, ladles can be hung on a special perforated surface using miniature hooks;
- For knives, purchase a magnetic horizontal bar and attach it to the wall;
- If the kitchen has a dining table, then you can equip several shelves under the ceiling, as long as all the items on them are kept in a strict order;
- A small workplace increases due to a special board that will cover the sink while cooking;
- If the storage systems in the kitchen are quite compact, there is a narrow trolley on wheels with several shelves to accommodate many containers, boxes, packages.
Spectacular filling of the kitchen and stylish design, thought out to the last centimeter, will transform the stay in the kitchen from the burdensome necessity into a pleasant pastime. After all, it is much more interesting to do cooking in a room that is fully equipped for this. Where every thing is in its place and literally within walking distance. And various kitchen devices and appliances facilitate the work and reduce the time of employment. See real photos of the design of a small kitchen after repair and redevelopment.