A small kitchen in the apartment is not a reason to complain and grieve - any space can be expanded visually and in fact, if you look at it with the eyes of a designer. Some tips on the competent creation of interior design for a small kitchen, we present here in the photo gallery.
Proper placement of furniture, even a small room will help turn into a functional and harmonious kitchen.
Features of the design of a small kitchen
Each housewife has her own ratings - what is a small kitchen? Someone and 15 meters may be a little, and someone on 4 squares will create a cozy working area and will treat your family with delicious pickles and cakes. We will consider a typical kitchen of "Khrushchev" and panel high-rise buildings with an area of up to 10 square meters. meters Variants of creating a design of such a small kitchen you can see on our photos, and we will tell you how to bring them to life.
Built-in equipment saves space and allows full use of the work surface.
4 or 6 square meters is not so small, the main task is to accommodate only the most necessary, creating an ergonomic space where the hostess will be comfortable, comfortable, and the household comfortable.
In a small kitchen, you can use all sides by placing lower cabinets near the walls.
The main stages of creating the right design:
- Choosing the right style;
- The choice of materials that match the style and help visually enlarge the room;
- Proper placement of furniture;
- Selection of color palette.
Light pastel shades best fit into the interior of a small kitchen.
All tasks are united by the main goal - in a small space should get a stylish, comfortable, beautiful room, and not just a place where they cook food.
The white color of the facades visually expands the kitchen space, and the black worktop makes the interior more elegant.
Secrets of expanding space
Any, even the smallest kitchen space can be expanded both in fact and visually:
- You can combine the kitchen with the room, getting a kitchen-living room. Correctly zoned space, you get a full-fledged working area in the former kitchen area, and from the room, if you set a dining table there, you will get a cozy dining room.
- The choice for the decoration of the walls of light colors, warm shades of furniture for the kitchen can visually push the walls.
- Visually make the kitchen more capable of harmonizing with the furniture walls, glass furniture - a table, open or glazed cabinets.
- Expands the boundaries of the visual use in the decoration of the colors of two adjacent rooms - the hallway and the kitchen or kitchen and living room.
- It is not recommended to use wallpaper in a small kitchen, a large patterned decoration, colored curtains, dark shades of decoration and furniture.
- For windows, choose Roman blinds or rolls - even using transparent tulle, organza will “crush” psychologically.
Corner kitchen set is best suited for a small kitchen area
Try to leave in the kitchen only the necessary furniture and appliances. Do not overload the room with details, small objects - they will create the impression of clutter.
Narrow balcony can be equipped with kitchen cabinets and worktop for cooking
Proper placement of furniture in a small kitchen is also of great importance for creating a comfortable ergonomic space in which a woman has to spend a lot of time. The layout depends more on the shape of the room.
For square kitchen
Whatever we plan, but some functional elements of each kitchen - stove, sink - will be tied to a specific place, and the interior of a small area must be created on the basis of this. Therefore, the most commonly used standard methods of furniture arrangement
A bright kitchen with a linear suite allows you to place a dining table.
All of them involve the placement of a sink, stove and desktop, combined with a common worktop. The types of layout will differ only in the number and location of cabinets - low, wall-mounted, and their internal content.
Stylish small kitchen with ceiling cupboards and open shelves
A small kitchen can be part of a combined living room, then the U-shaped arrangement of furniture involves the installation of a bar, the functional purpose of which is to be a place for a morning breakfast, a snack. It will also help to zone the room - it will separate the working area from the living room.
In the design of a small square kitchen, you can successfully fit and use window sills - if you expand them, you can install a small narrow locker or refrigerator at the bottom. If design features allow, instead of a window sill, you can make a soft zone by equipping a sofa.
For a rectangular kitchen
If the kitchen room has an elongated and narrow shape, the only way to arrange furniture will be straight. It is better to replace a usual dining table with a bar counter, a reclining table-top or a transforming table. Then it will be easier for the hostess to move around the narrow room. Visiting the walls and changing the shape of the room will help staining the far wall in a darker tone. Curtains can be selected with a large pattern - they also visually shorten the “pencil case”.
Think carefully about the lighting - in a long narrow kitchen with a window at the end of natural lighting will not be enough - add a backlight to the desktop, light up the dining area. Consider ergonomics carefully:
- Hang up for dishes or put near the sink;
- Make the doors of the hinged lockers open upwards, and the lower ones - sliding or at least narrow;
- Use modern systems of railings, sliding carousels, baskets.
Important! The door to the kitchen can be made sliding or replace it with an arch. Then the next room should be decorated in the same style.
For the kitchen of irregular shape
Non-standard kitchen can be of a different type - with a niche, combined with a loggia, a balcony, combined with a living room.
- In the niche, you can put a refrigerator, a wardrobe, and if the parameters allow it, you can equip a place of eating there.
- Combining the two rooms is done with the aim of expanding the area - when combining a kitchen with a living room, the total area increases also through the corridor between them. The rules for arranging furniture and appliances in the kitchen area are common, as for a small kitchen, and how you can create a design of a small kitchen combined with a room in a modern style can be seen in numerous photos in our photo gallery.
- The kitchen with access to the loggia allows you to equip there at least a dining area, even a place to cook food. There you can also take out the refrigerator, thus freeing up a limited kitchen space.
Styles for a small space
When choosing a style and color palette for the interior of a small kitchen, you need to follow an important rule: the simpler the style, the cozier, more harmonious the room will be. For a small area fit modern styles: minimalism, hi-tech, rustic - Provence, eco-style. Some ethno-styles would be appropriate - Japanese, for example. Classic, baroque - require space. Wooden furniture, crystal chandeliers of one, pomposity and luxury of the other can not fit into small dimensions. Loft is possible when combining a kitchen with a dining room or a loggia - otherwise, in a limited room, pipes, brick walls will push and depress even more.
Important! Mediterranean style means light, space is also not the best choice for a very small kitchen.
When choosing the design and style of the kitchen room, observe the style of monotony - if the entire apartment is decorated in a classic style, country or loft will obviously be irrelevant here.
One of the most popular styles of modernity implies the absence of excessive decor, simple forms, good light. This does not mean that you need to paint the walls in white and put the "grandmother" plastic tables. The modern market offers a large selection of building materials that can create a comfortable ergonomic space. To decorate the walls in the kitchen of minimalist style, you can choose:
- Decorative plaster;
- Wall mural.
It will look good kitchen in light pastel colors: white, beige, milky shades can be supplemented with light wood furniture, white, peach tones of the glossy facades of the headset. A table made of transparent or colored plastic, glass of simple rectangular or oval, round shape will look harmonious against the background of light walls and furniture.
Want to add color? Make a bright accent kitchen apron, Roman curtains on the windows, a poster on the wall. This is not a limitation, but the observance of rule 60/30/10, when a bright accent becomes a visual “magnet” and the rest of the objects complement it. As a result, you get a bright, light-filled, but not boring kitchen. Look at the examples in the photo, and select the option that is close to you in spirit.
High-tech style focuses on the design of the room cutting-edge technical equipment. He rejects all other decorative elements. Therefore, it is necessary to build on the design of a small kitchen in the high-tech style from this. High-tech implies that the working space of the hostess will be equipped with the latest technology, which, taking into account the rule of the working triangle, will fit perfectly into the kitchen. Everything else - wall decoration, furniture, accessories - must be subordinate to this.
Therefore, it is better to choose to create a design in a small kitchen calm colors. If your stove, refrigerator, microwave oven is chosen in metallic color, you can create a monochrome kitchenette using only one or 2 colors: only white or black and white:
- Accent - chrome or matte handles, surfaces, cases of equipment;
- The background is cool white (if the handles and housings of the stove, of the refrigerator are chrome plated, then the facades should be dull)
- Additional color - silver, black.
Important! Moldings, rails, baskets should be in the tone of the handles and finish - matte or shiny.
Another design option is to add a bright color. It can be a red apron or red chairs and a kitchen suite in gray, as in the photo, a combination of blue and gray, blue and cool white colors. The main thing is the emphasis on technology.
The cutting-edge style rejects boringness - bright colors, rich colors. Sunny yellow, orange orange - in combination with lilac, light green. Just let the color palette across the color palette into the small kitchen and enjoy. Yellow and orange - improve the appetite, uplifting, with such colors even a small space with a window overlooking the north side will seem flooded with light, the sun. Red, black, green, lime - all shades of the palette are possible, the main requirement of the style is glossy surfaces, bright accents. In such a kitchen will not be bored to anyone.
For the design of the kitchen in the Art Nouveau style, it is more often used to paint the walls with light, calm tones, wallpapering vinyl, resistant to high humidity, vaporization. The best choice is plain walls or a dull pattern - soft stripes, wavy lines.
The ceiling is plain matte, then all the surfaces of the furniture should be glossy, or a mirror stretch. But in this case, keep in mind that the mirror will visually stretch the room upwards, further narrowing the walls - it is better to choose such a ceiling option, as well as plasterboard multilevel options only in the kitchen combined with the living room. Then the ceiling will become a way of zoning the room.
Oriental cuisine and oriental style in general has recently become just more popular. Designers divide it in directions - Asian, Indian, Japanese. For a small kitchen, it is better to choose an Asian style, which is distinguished by smooth lines, lack of excesses and colorfulness.
Important! The smaller the kitchen area, the calmer the color palette should be.
For walls in Japanese, Chinese styles, you can use tiles that mimic rice paper, straw, bamboo. The working area can be decorated with tiles with traditional images of blossoming sakura, lotus or a wall above the dining area decorated with hieroglyphs - wise sayings.
The ceiling of a small kitchen in the oriental style can be left white, aligning it in advance, put a beautiful chandelier of a corresponding design in the center. Possible options for the ceiling:
- Stretch ceiling;
- Beams, slats made of wood.
The color combinations for Asian cuisine are dull. It is better to focus on natural shades - beige, green, brown. For Japanese design, be sure to use black color, for Chinese style - red, gold.
A small cozy kitchen in the style of Provence or Country - a cozy option for your home. Pay attention to the photo: modesty and simplicity, lack of bright details, pretentiousness and variegations make this kitchen design popular for both private houses and apartments in high-rise buildings. Provence - a small piece of French life, inspired by the fashion for vintage products, things created by yourself.
It is characterized by:
- Natural materials for walls and furniture;
- Calm color palette;
- The effects of aging;
- Small, discreet vegetative pattern;
- Good lighting without the use of LEDs, trendy spotlights, spotlights;
- Required textiles - curtains on the windows, pillows, capes on the couch, chairs;
- Vintage accessories, better made by hand;
- Fresh or dried flowers complement the design.
Presented on the photo design options for kitchen interior in the style of Provence give an exact image of what an ideal kitchen should look like, symbolizing the tranquility of rural life.
Country - another design option, reminiscent of the measured rural life. Comfort, warmth and simplicity - the main features of the style perfectly fit into a small space. Features - natural colors, materials - wooden furniture, the floor is made of stone or wood, warm light colors - beige, sandy, milky, olive.
Curtains made of cotton, flax on the windows, wild flowers in a vase on the table, soft kitchen utensils - cute little things that create comfort. They will make the evening gatherings a favorite family tradition.
A small kitchen gives a lot of room for imagination when creating a design. Do not regret that in a small space it is impossible to put a huge headset that you really liked. A small space has its own advantages - the main thing is the ability to create comfort, combined with well-thought-out ergonomics. As can be seen from the photos - options for organizing a small kitchen space - a lot.