The recent trend towards redevelopment of residential premises is not a tribute to fashion, but a desire to expand the area and make the home more comfortable and functional. A popular variant of redevelopment is the combination of a kitchen and a living room, as a result of which a studio is created: a kitchen-living room of 18 sq m, the design of which can be made unique with careful study.
A spacious kitchen combined with a living room creates a cozy and functional union.
Pros and cons of combining
Having conceived redevelopment, you need to weigh all the advantages of creating a studio and the disadvantages. If we are talking about a one-room apartment, then in a single room, combined with a kitchen, there should be a sleeping area, a rest area, and a place for eating.
For a small apartment, the option of combining all zones in one room is ideal.
If you own 2-3-room apartments, often the kitchen and one room are small, and combining them will expand the functionality of the room.
- Interior kitchen-living room of 18 square meters. m, as seen in the photo, provides additional opportunities for placement of furniture, household appliances.
- Removing the partitions, you will increase the room at the expense of the corridor between the kitchen and the room. At least two windows appear in the combined room - it becomes lighter in the room and the kitchen.
- Comfort for the hostess and all family members - there is extra time for communication, without being distracted from work: the process of making evening tea can be combined with watching your favorite TV series, and while the mother cooks the soup, the son or daughter will talk about school affairs.
- If you often invite guests to the house, no need to go far with plates and cups, setting the table.
The elimination of partitions allows you to expand the space for the full use of all zones
And the presence of a second room will create a full bedroom. Neither the smells, nor the sounds coming from the kitchen, will not interfere with the full rest of someone from the family members.
Powerful hood will help cope with unpleasant odors in the kitchen
There is a reason to wonder whether it is convenient to combine the premises, because the requirements for maintaining a permanent order in the kitchen are increasing: all the crumbs and drops from the kitchen will often get into the living room, and you will have to clean the whole room, and very often.
Proper placement will avoid contamination of the entire area of the kitchen-living room
In addition, no, even the most powerful hood is not able to completely eliminate the smells of cooking food, so the room will need frequent ventilation.
A great source of fresh air is the balcony.
Coordination and redevelopment
Even if you inherited a small-fashioned Khrushchev, it is not always possible to expand it to create a studio: you need to get permission for redevelopment from local authorities and the housing commission. Important rules:
- It is forbidden to clean the bearing walls and exterior inside the apartment (if, for example, you want to combine a room or a kitchen with a loggia);
- The so-called wet zones cannot be transferred if there is a dwelling under your apartment;
- It is forbidden to connect the kitchen with the room if the apartment has a gas stove.
It is forbidden to tear down the partitions between the kitchen and the living room, if a gas stove is provided for in a one-room apartment
These are three important “not allowed” if you have conceived to realize the design project of the kitchen-living room of 18 sq. M. When all the paperwork is left behind, the walls are broken, then you can plan the interior.
The walls under the window blocks overlooking the loggia can be very effectively beat without demolition
To begin, take a plan of the apartment or draw your own. Assess the shape of the resulting room: square, rectangular or non-standard shape. Proceeding from this, let us single out the kitchen zone where the kitchen unit will be placed, and the dining-living room zone. Another option - the kitchen and eating area are separated from the seating area.
Important! Create a kitchen-living room design of 18 square meters. m should be in compliance with a single style while the allocation of functional areas.
We did not demolish the walls in order to build them again, therefore, choosing a zoning method using furniture, it is permissible to leave only low structures: for example, an open through shelving, a bar, a sofa. They will preserve the feeling of spaciousness in the room and at the same time delineate the cooking zones and the recreation area.
Important! The dining table or the hostess desktop can be an island zone separator.
If you buy furniture both in the kitchen and in the living room of the same color, you will keep the stylistic monotony, as, for example, in the kitchen kitchen design living room presented in the photo, 18 sq m with a sofa.
Unusual reception of zoning with the help of screens with live flowers placed between the workplace of the hostess and the living room, stands with ornamental plants.
An interesting solution would be to install a large floor-mounted or a backlit aquarium placed on a stand with live fish. In addition to the function of dividing the room into zones, the aquarium performs another role - the sound of water, the kind of splashing fishes affect the person soothingly.
Often, designers recommend allocating a kitchen with a living room of 18 sq m using a multi-level floor or using different materials for its decoration:
- In the kitchen - stoneware calm shades;
- In the living room - laminate flooring or parquet in the same or contrasting colors.
Different materials when finishing
The option of selecting zones can be seen in another photo: the living room design with a kitchen of 18 squares was created by creating color contrast. Well combined among themselves are different in texture and color wallpaper, painted wall and decorative plaster, ceramic tile and MDF panels.
Studio kitchen layout
Plan the location of furniture and other interior items you need to take into account the shape and size of the room. More often, the room after redevelopment takes a square look, and the most common arrangement of furniture is L-shaped or U-shaped. Both variants of the layout of the kitchen-living room of 18 sq m can be seen in the photo:
- The kitchen unit is located in the L-shaped corner, in the opposite corner there is a corner sofa and a table.
- The suite is built with the letter “P”, it separates the kitchen and the living area, as shown in the top view of the photo, the bar counter, and the soft corner sofa is located opposite.
It is necessary to arrange the furniture so that it does not interfere with the freedom to move around the common space, tack, bypassing the corners.
Choosing and arranging furniture in the kitchen, pay attention to the fact that it should be in harmony in color and style with the overall design of the room. Do not clutter up the kitchen with furniture and appliances - do not forget: everything that stands and lies in the kitchen, you can see the guest in the dining room. Do not forget about the rule of the "triangle", think about the possibility to hide, disguise the refrigerator in the kitchen or just take it out of the room. This is the most bulky piece of furniture, which is quite difficult to “fit” into the space.
It is better to place the sink in the corner, saving the kitchen space, the stove closer to the window, observing the necessary requirements - there should be a working area between the sink and the stove.
Furniture needs to choose a functional, with a large number of closed wardrobe. Behind the doors you can hide some of the necessary kitchen appliances - a refrigerator, an oven. All dishes should be cleaned, because the kitchen, combined with the living room, becomes part of it.
If the apartment is the only room, it is worth considering options for transforming furniture, because here you will have to equip the sleeping area at night. The corner version of the sofa, which is transformed into a large ottoman for the time of night rest, will not take up much space.
If the apartment has a separate bedroom, put a small sofa and armchairs in the living room. If you want to create an interior dining room, put a round or oval table in the living area, surrounding it with chairs. Buffet or slide with dishes near the wall is one of the options for furnishing a room in a classic style. It will complement its large chandelier in the center.
TV can be hung on the wall or put on the cabinet. Place it in such a way that the programs can be viewed from both the kitchen area and the living room.
Important! Choose materials for furniture that are easy to clean, because, as already mentioned, smells and fats from the kitchen, even with a good hood, will penetrate into the room.
The choice of color for the design of the kitchen, combined with the living room, will depend on the style. For the kitchen-living room of 18 squares, you can choose a design in the Mediterranean style, high-tech, Provence, African, loft, retro. There are also many color combinations to choose from - from the classic - beige, coffee, peach to raspberry, lemon, indigo, the color of Burgundy wine. Consider the most relevant solutions.
He preaches free space, not cluttered with furniture, light shades in the design of the walls, which gives the room an additional visually open space.
Choose for this style soft sand tones, gray-steel, complementing them with bright accents. Light sand walls and upholstered furniture, complemented by bright brown with turquoise textiles - curtains in the kitchen, cushions on the sofas in the recreation area will be a good option for room decoration.
A strict combination is black and white contrast: the white glossy surface of the kitchen unit fronts, black chairs and a white sofa in the living area, a black glossy coffee table. White walls with black photo frames. It is necessary to withstand rigor, conciseness and manufacturability, which are so characteristic of high-tech style.
Provence involves a combination of bright colors that visually increase the area of the room, as can be seen in the photo, representing the design of the kitchen-living room 18 meters. As a base color, you can choose beige or white, draw a dim small floral pattern on the wall or a part of it, and add brighter green and purple hues to the kitchen.
Furniture preferred wood texture, for example, from white oak, as if burned in the sun.
Other combinations of French Provence style:
- Light blue, light green;
- Turquoise, pinkish;
- Dim orange and purple;
- White, beige;
- Terracotta in combination with lemon.
The photo shows how it is possible to zone the space with the help of lighting: for the kitchen, recessed spotlights are chosen, as if they were a line drawing off the border separating the cooking zone and the rest area. The living room assumes local lighting with the help of floor lamps, sconces.
Textiles play an important role in creating interior and comfort. To choose curtains, you need to take into account the style, chosen colors, not forgetting about important points - the curtains in the kitchen and room should be combined in style and material, but in the kitchen they require extra care. A good choice would be Roman blinds. For the kitchen, you can choose the option of double curtains - light organza + classical Roman curtains, for the living room - long, floor-length curtains - from air organza and the frameless version of the "Romans". Fabrics - cotton, polyester.
- Curtains on grommets - well fit in eco-styles, minimalism;
- Classic - always remains a classic, the main thing - to choose the right fabric - silk, jacquard.
A well combines a roller blind in the kitchen and a classic curtain in the dining-living room, such as in the photo. Made from the same fabric, they are also the principle of zoning space, defining the purpose of each zone.
Caring for a roller blind is simple: it will be raised or semi-elevated all day, therefore, it will absorb less fat and dirt from cooking, and special impregnation, which many curtain fabrics are now used for, will additionally protect the curtain, minimizing care.
When creating your kitchen-living room with an area of 18 square meters, be guided by the wishes of all the households, by the convenience, subordinating to him the whole design of the chosen style. Proper zoning, careful selection of materials for decoration, a thoughtful approach to the arrangement of furniture will create a harmonious and ergonomic space in your territory, despite the fact that it is limited to an area of 18 squares.