Types of juicers
In the era of fashion for a healthy and beautiful body, proper nutrition and physical exertion have become very popular in society. Smoothies, freshly squeezed vegetable and fruit juices are very popular lately. But to get high-quality juices you need a good juicer.
History of creation
The modern rhythm of life takes a lot of strength and energy from a person. Sleep, physical activity and proper nutrition help to fill them and improve overall health. Of course, fresh juice is a favorite and demanded drink. Its cooking is currently difficult to imagine without a juicer.
The history of this miracle is very interesting. She appeared in the middle of the 18th century and worked as a press. Juice, which made the old model of the juicer, was more like a vegetable and fruit puree. After 100 years, a model appeared, the progenitor of a modern juicer, which worked on the principle of a centrifuge. At the very beginning it was a cup with a motor attached to it. Starting from the 20th century, household appliances began to actively improve. First of all, there was a question about the problem of vibration during operation. It not only impeded the work, but also significantly reduced the period of operation of the unit. Today, juicers have not only a stylish and interesting design, but also a huge assortment of various functions.
Advantages and disadvantages
Juice that has just been squeezed has a large amount of vitamins, trace elements and fiber.. Juice is good and bad. They can not be drunk for people with peptic ulcer, diabetes, etc. Argued that the juice can not be done with the help of electrical devices. Because under the influence of metal is the destruction of vitamins. This is partly true. The harm and benefits of juice depend on the time when they are drunk. Already 10 minutes after preparation, its useful properties decrease and bacteria begin to multiply.
Citrus juicers are the most simple and budget options. You need to make juice on them manually and only from citruses. Screw machines allow you to get the juice due to the pressure on the product. They can make and tomato juice and crush sprouted grains for making drinks. Compared with the first option has more options for action. The disadvantage of this option is the duration of the process of making juice. This is due to poor performance. Given the mechanism of the juicer, do not buy units with plastic containers. The plastic version will last for a very short time. Centrifugal juicer is a more versatile option. It has a centrifuge, pusher, grater and separator (which helps separate the juice from the pulp). The most popular types of juicers are centrifugal and auger.
To fully use this item of household appliances is to choose it correctly. If you plan to manufacture only citrus juices, then you need to take a special machine. When choosing a model, it is worth considering the power, the higher it is, the less time will be spent on preparing fresh. Capacity volume for juice is important. For a large family, you should choose a larger bowl. To prepare a wide range of juices, you should choose a universal model. In the presence of the suburban area and abundant harvest, it is worth buying models with a capacity of 500 watts. A significant advantage of the juicer is its compact size.
Most kitchens can not boast a spacious area and in this case, the size does matter. Modern models have a large variety of functions, even in the middle and low price segment. The advantage of a large number of nozzles is the ability to squeeze the juice from small and large fruits.
Nozzles have an impact on the consistency of the finished juice. The advantage is the lever for fixing, which automates the process of getting fresh. The reverse serves for reverse rotation of the nozzle and helps to obtain a more uniform consistency of the product. A number of models have a system for regulating the amount of pulp in the juice and will help make the juice of any consistency. Direct supply of liquid to the glass will save clean dishes.
Of the minuses that buyers often face, the following indicators can be noted:
- Buying models with a narrowed neck will make cutting all fruits and vegetables into small particles. A narrow throat means a small power of the device itself.
- It is important to read the instructions carefully before operating the unit. Modern manufacturers offer on the market of products such models that are able to work, no more than 10 minutes. This is definitely written in the technical specifications. For the production of large quantities of juice you need to choose a model that lasts longer in time.
- Juicers with a lid and a container of thin plastic will not last long. During operation, any juicer vibrates, so thin material can simply not stand and fall apart. It is worth looking at models made of thick plastic or steel.
Experts identify 3 main types of juicers for industrial and home use.
The most common type is a centrifugal juicer. This type of model has a very simple internal device. Inside is a centrifuge - drive and filters on the sides. As a rule, it is an apparatus that works at high speeds. This type of juicer has one feature. When making juice, it heats it.
They exist with 2 types of separator. The conical separator discards the waste into a separate container, due to which it is very easy to clean this juicer. But the apparatus with a cylindrical separator, everything remains inside. Another disadvantage of such devices is a sufficient amount of noise that they create in the process.
The second type of juicers are augers, which allow you to get juice by pressing the product. Screw machines have less power and almost no noise. They can even survive the juice from the berries with bones, which centrifugal aggregates cannot do. Another advantage of such models is the small contact of juice with air in the process of its extraction. In addition, it does not heat the juice, which allows you to save the useful properties of the product.
There are significant drawbacks that can make you think about the acquisition of such a model. In terms of products, there are a number of strict limitations. It will be difficult to get juice from soft varieties of apples. By type of construction, they are vertical and horizontal. Horizontal squeeze well juice from greens and grains, but will not be able to squeeze the juice from fruits and vegetables. They are perfect for wheat germ, sea buckthorn, parsley, garlic, onions, raspberries and smoothies. They are mostly low-speed.
The third option are citrus juicers. (for oranges, for tangerines and grapefruits). On it you can make juice from kiwi.
Household juicer usually has less power and size than industrial. For large volumes you need to choose a powerful model with a wide neck. A wide-mouth juicer will allow you to place a whole fruit or vegetable and then shred is completely unnecessary. Such juicers are usually in demand for gardening, when you need to process a large number of products.
Domestic manufacturers offer a decent selection of models for a large amount of juice. Another good option in the harvest season will be a hydraulic juicer or simply a press. First, the apples need to be crushed, and then wrapped in a special bag, so that the drink was without pulp. Then the apples fall under the press with a drainage system, and the juice begins to drain into a specially prepared container. This device has a lot of advantages, especially with a limited budget. Such a mechanism is very cheap and can be made independently.
The press does not squeeze, but presses. Due to this waste, it turns out to be several times less and a large amount of useful substances is stored in the juice. The downside of such a device is that it is unprofitable to use it for making 1-2 glasses of juice for breakfast. Such a unit for the garden requires large volumes of products. Children love to be in the country and breathe fresh air. In addition, there are so many interesting things. So that they do not interfere with the preparation of juice for adults, children's juicer will come to the rescue.
Tasty juices without chemicals and various additives is very tasty and healthy. To get a good product it is worth looking at the pot. This device works very easily. Products are simply steamed, and the output is pasteurized juice, which is ready for spinning. Steam processing of products allows you to save the useful qualities of the juice. This is an ideal option for harvesting juice. The parameters of the pressure cooker is large, which implies the processing of large quantities of products.
The manual desktop juice extractor - a press still carries the name lever or piston. With it, at home you can get not only citrus juice, but also pomegranate and tomato. Although it is simple, but with its help it is easy to prepare a small amount of natural juice. Many people like freshly squeezed juice from the berries.
There are fruits that can not get the bones. In this situation, you should purchase a special machine for stone fruit. This may be a manual juicer - press, and maybe a screw. It is effective both for firm fruits, and for fruits with small stones. The only drawback of augers for berries is that their domestic companies produce in small batches.
To get a high-quality drink you should take care of purchasing a special unit. When consuming juice in a cookery, an ordinary electric juicer will do. There are also small juicers that make juice for a glass or a maximum of 2. Such a portable juicer is perfect for home when there are 1-2 people in a family. It is convenient and mobile and does not take up much space, and when you move it is easy to take with you. This portable model is a great option for lovers of traveling with comfort.
To save space and expand the range of household appliances in the kitchen, many are thinking about purchasing a double boiler. Steamer comes with a juicer and is useful for a family with small children who think about healthy eating. A vacuum model is also suitable for home use. It is securely fixed to the surface using a vacuum and will not move anywhere in the process.
For the juice of various fruits and vegetables should look after a versatile juicer. This multifunctional home assistant will be indispensable in everyday life. When choosing a modern model, one should pay attention not only to the material, power, but also the type of separator. As a rule, it is a cylindrical or conical shape. The last form of the separator involves the automatic separation of the cake. Accordingly, it is an easy-to-use juicer model.
Modern versions of the devices are so diverse that everyone can find a suitable one. They can be with ceramic, metal or plastic legs and with a body of the same materials. Options with the case may be different. It all depends on the design and manufacturer. Many people choose models of direct extraction, considering this juice more useful. Often purchased embedded juicer.
The built-in model, according to the owners, takes up much less space. Someone likes juice with pulp, and someone chooses for fruit and vegetable puree. There are options with self-cleaning, with two screws. For large volumes of juice and for a large family, some like the semi-industrial model. An effective self-cleaning model will appeal to busy hostesses. Of course the juicer is a real find and salvation for the raw foodist. The juicer can be plug, jack, screw and electronic.
The device refers to the subject of household appliances, through which receive fresh juice. Juicers have several technical characteristics, which should be guided in their choice. Need to pay attention to size. They may be bulky or compact. In the first case, such small juicers are convenient to use in any kitchen and get a small amount of juice. It is necessary to take into account their low productivity.
The classification of various devices also implies a separation according to the type of processing. Juicers can be designed for a specific type of fruit, and have a universal format. Any juicer consists of a body and a mechanism for processing fruit. The body, as a rule, is made of plastic, and inside it is metal. To lower the fruit there is a special hole, the size of which is worth paying attention to before buying. The larger the neck, the larger fruits can be launched into it. Another important parameter is the separator.
It is necessary to focus on the weight of the product and its performance. Carefully examine the power and speed if there is an electric motor. The screw juice extractor is quieter, and the manual one is practically silent. Before buying, you need to carefully read the description of the product, which lists all the main specifications.
The most elementary design of hand-held machines for the production of citrus juice. Universal devices have a wider range of applications. Filter grater, neck and separator, accessories universal juicer. Universal are divided into screw and centrifugal, each has its own characteristics in the device. The motor allows electric models to work well, the grinder helps to achieve better juice.
The mechanical juicer is powered by a lever that forces the press to press on vegetables and fruits. The manual model resembles a meat grinder, as long as the knife is sharp. A good attachment to which fruit is placed is important for a citrus machine. To disassemble such a machine will not be difficult. Some models also have a sieve that keeps the flesh from getting into the finished product.
Should pay attention to additional accessories. For example, a pusher will help to avoid injury, and the legs, the suction cups, will make the device more stable. Disassembly and assembly when washing juicers should not take a lot of time. Internal parts must be made of stainless steel, then they will last a longer time. Schemes juicers depending on the type differ little among themselves.
As a rule, inside the juicer all parts are stainless steel. Outside, it can be plastic, ceramic, aluminum or stainless steel.
For the preparation of lemon juice can be used manual silicone juicer.
Principle of operation
The auger has a screw shaft that helps recycle products. His momentum has a powerful force, but they are very slow. The function of the centrifugal model is to operate the engine and centrifuge. When lowering products into the chute, they fall on the blade, then crushed and move to the sieve. Then they are milled using high speed and centrifuge power. A wiring diagram in such models is hermetically protected from moisture.
Most models are available in gray, black and white color. Many people want brighter models, in this case a red juicer for home use will be a good solution. Apparatus for producing citrus juice most often orange, yellow and green colors. Each manufacturer has its own color scheme of each model. Therefore, if there is a desire to acquire a device of a particular color, then you should take a closer look at some specific brand.
In order for the juicer to last longer, it is necessary to follow the rules of operation. Fruits and vegetables should be washed in cold water. Rotten areas must be cut and do not use hot water when washing. When buying a universal model for the house, you should not load products with seeds into it. They may damage the machine. It is important to carefully read the instructions before use. The manufacturer describes all the methods of safe operation on the unit. It is necessary to wash the device every time after use.
So, according to GOST, the noise level during the operation of the juicer should not exceed 74 dB. Based on GOST 18199-83, the efficiency of the device is calculated by the amount of filtered juice. Productivity is the amount of juice that is produced per unit of time.
How to choose
Before you go to the store for buying juicers, you need to decide on a number of points. It is important to know exactly which juice will most often be squeezed out and for how many family members. Universal models for home use are much more expensive than highly specialized devices.
Many people buy 2 juicers for use to fit your needs. But they take a lot of space and care power. Citrus juice lovers will have a special model for these fruits every day. In just a few minutes from 2 oranges you can get a glass of excellent juice. The versatile juicer can handle almost any kind of fruit and vegetable. Perhaps citrus fruits such a model will handle a little worse. Here you need to pay attention when buying a view of the separator.
In the presence of a cylindrical separator, more juice is obtained, but the waste will have to be removed manually. The conical separator at the outlet gives less juice, but all the cake goes into a special container and takes a little time to clean.
For farmers it is better to choose a manual screw press. It allows you to remain in the juice all the useful properties and trace elements, has a minimum of parts and a long service life.
Of course, the cost of a juicer depends on its type, purpose, performance and brand. Industrial juicers for catering and hotel business will cost from 32,000 rubles to 370,000 rubles. Juicers for home use average price range from 4,000 to 12,000 rubles. Simple models, including manual citrus juicers will cost less than 4,000 rubles.
Top best models
Many brands offer their models of juicers, praising their unique qualities and productive work.
Kuryanochka - popular and budget device from the domestic manufacturer. With this model, you can not only get juice, but also get mashed potatoes and starch from potatoes.
Sinbo - a brand that is owned by the Turkish company Deima. This brand has high quality, interesting design and budget cost. Most models are designed to squeeze the juice from all types of fruit. These are quite compact devices, and the juice is fed directly into the glass. Some units allow you to load the whole fruit.
Robot coupe - powerful model of the French brand. It has an automatic loading system without the use of a pusher. There is the possibility of making juice from hard varieties of fruits and vegetables.
Rodnichok is a product of the domestic manufacturer. A rather large apparatus weighing more than 6 kg. Thanks to its capacity in 60 minutes more than 50 kg of vegetables and fruits can be processed. However, the disadvantage of this model is that the pulp must be pressed manually. The device is unpretentious in care and easy to operate.
Marta - good juicers with a nice design and affordable price. Juicers of this brand are very powerful and will cope with large volumes of products.
Lentel It has a very affordable price, is suitable for making juice from soft and hard products, has a nice design and is extremely easy to use. It can work continuously for 3 minutes.
A premium class juicer for home use is represented by various brands. German, Korean, Japanese firms for the production of juicers are very popular. The Chinese juice extractors differ in reasonable price and average quality. Switzerland is home to centrifugal juicers.
Korea offers a large selection of screw juicers from reputable manufacturers. Turkish, French, American, Italian products for every taste and budget are on the market for consumers. All vehicles undergo mandatory testing before launch. Popular juicers are from manufacturers from Germany. All products pass a special test before entering the consumer market.
Nothing says better about a product than consumer reviews. Most people love the invention of a juicer. Mechanical or electrical, they are very popular. First of all, all buyers note the excellent quality of equipment, the quick preparation of juice and ease of operation. Modern reliable juice extractors are presented by the big range for every taste and a purse. Many consumers are sure that even at a fairly low cost, they were able to buy quite quality juicer models.