Hood for the kitchen with their own hands
Hood is a very important element of modern cuisine. Many housewives save on the hood or simply do not install it as useless, but in vain!
The kitchen hood blocks unpleasant odors, steam and grease, preventing them from settling on furniture, household appliances and other interior items. And for studio apartments, the hood is a must.
The most important thing in the kitchen hood - its performance, because it organizes continuous processing of air for an hour.
To determine the performance you need to multiply the area of the room by the height of the ceiling and the air replacement ratio from 6 to 10. The instructions for any device indicate the performance of a particular model.
Modern technology market offers a wide range of kitchen hoods. Let's try to understand the diversity of the much-needed attribute of modern cuisine.
Depending on the method of mounting hoods are divided into:
The simplest, but at the same time powerful hoods, dome-shaped, which are mounted above the stove.
This type of hood is also called passive. Dome hood does not have in its design of fans, complex sensors and other mechanisms - the hot air rises up through the ascending thrust.
Modern dome hoods are made of tin, decorated with glass and wood.
In terms of style dome hood resemble part of the chimney, look nice and succinctly.
The minus of the passive hoods is that they only work when the ventilation pipes are in working condition and may be useless if the ventilation passages in the apartment in the house of an old building are clogged.
It is better to use the dome hood in a large-sized kitchen in a private house, where heating devices are additionally functioning. The duct can then be led out through the wall.
Flat hoods have a compact size, but at the same time, they are no less effective in work, like dome ones.
This type of exhaust has in its device replaceable carbon or acrylic filters. Flat hoods are ideal for small rooms, they look stylish and beautiful, while having considerable power and good work.
In addition, flat hoods are quite easy to install. The only disadvantage of such a device is that filters need to be changed very often, which requires additional expenses and is not very convenient.
These hoods are mounted in the cupboard cabinet.
They do not take up much space, fit well into the interior and are almost imperceptible.
Recessed hoods are modular and telescopic. Modular hoods are small, and telescopic additionally equipped with a sliding panel. Embedded hoods can be installed independently, but, as a rule, kitchen furniture manufacturers install embedded hoods in the production of a headset.
Flat and recessed hoods are called active, since they work by the electric motor and are equipped with filters.
If the kitchen area allows, and the working surface of the stove is located in the center of the room, then it is better to prefer an island hood over the stove.
Will only solve the issue with the duct.
Features of work
Depending on the way of working, all kitchen hoods can be divided into those that clean the air, and those that clean it.
For those who, for whatever reason, have never had a kitchen hood, and for the first time they thought about purchasing it, at first it will not be easy to understand the diversity of the range. For clarity, consider each of the design in more detail.
These exhausts by means of an available exit to ventilation relieve the room from air saturated with steam and fat.
Consequently, the operation of such exhaust directly depends on the purity of the ventilation channel.
Flow hoods are mostly dome models of rather large sizes. Flow hoods are highly productive and very noisy, which can be a serious problem for owners of empathetic hearing, with such people in the kitchen for a long time. In connection with this fact, modern flow-through hoods are already produced with two fans in order to reduce the noise level without reducing their power.
Such extractors, also equipped with filters for cleaning, will cost several times more. Therefore, it is precisely this type of hood that is increasingly being made independently (we will speak about the features of manufacturing the hood with our own hands below).
Flow hoods are a wonderful design element, and made of glass, such models look very impressive.
The work of circulation hoods is based on the purification of air by filters: metal and conventional coal.
The first ones eliminate the smell of food in the kitchen and in the apartment, are easy to clean - they are easy to clean, the second ones clean the air, and they need to be replaced periodically about once every 4 months.
The most important advantage of the circulating type of exhaust is that they clean the air that already exists in the room, with the windows closed, there will not be a shortage of oxygen, and the ventilation will work as usual.
This type of hood is easy to install: you do not need to connect the hood with ventilation, you just need to install it at the right level and plug it into the socket.
Properly installed circulation hood is able to work effectively despite its compact size. These hoods thanks to the built-in filters are distinguished by good noise insulation.
Now the most popular are hoods that combine both the air outlet and its circulation, so the owner can independently choose the most suitable mode for him.
How to make your own hands
In consumer electronics stores, you can buy ready-made hood for every taste based on your preferences for its configuration, but, as a rule, good models are expensive.
In order to save, you can make a kitchen hood yourself, it will be less expensive for the price, besides, the hood made by yourself will be the most ideal addition for your kitchen, akin to a work of art.
Independently, you can do as an exhaust passive type, and active. Consider both options.
In order to produce a dome hood, you need the following materials and components:
- galvanized U-shaped profile with a diameter of 15 mm;
- drywall, tin, non-flammable plastic, thick foil - any of these materials for the manufacture of boxes;
- batting or other soundproof material;
- a corrugated hose with a spigot (in case the air vent is located away from the exhaust);
- check valve;
- dowels, perforated area, measuring devices, as well as putty and paints for trimming hoods.
Before proceeding to the manufacture of hoods, it is first necessary to plan a place for its installation. It is necessary to adhere to the scheme, according to which the hood must be located at a distance not lower than 65 cm from the cooking surface, and the width of the hood corresponds to the width of the plate.
You can install the hood directly as above the stove, if there is also a vent. In the event that the ventilation is off to the side, it will be necessary with the help of corrugated hose to “pull out” the exhaust hood to the ventilation opening.
Many supply self-made exhaust hoods with ventilation, in this case it is necessary to remember about grounding. In addition, the hood will require a separate outlet.
Having decided on a place for a future hood, you can proceed to its manufacture.
At the first stage, make a rectangular frame out of a pre-prepared galvanized profile, one and a half times the size of your plate. It is necessary with the help of dowels to nail it to the ceiling.
Next, at a height of 65 cm from the plate, nail another profile equal to the width of the plate in a horizontal position. Based on this profile, assemble the frame in the form of a bell across the width of the slab, this will be the design of the hood. For the first time, place a support under the bottom frame so that it does not fall off, also connect the rectangular frame that you attached to the ceiling with the bottom one using the side edges.
The resulting frame in the form of a dome should be sheathed with plasterboard or any other refractory material.
When the vent does not fall into the dome, it is necessary to pull it towards the hood with the help of a corrugated hose. Connect the corrugated hose with the exhaust pipe and brew (if the hood is tin) or fix it with a sealant (when using drywall as the material for the hood).
In order that the air from the ventilation or from the street does not penetrate through the hood into the apartment, install a specially purchased back pressure valve.
In that case, if the hood is made of drywall, as a final step will only elevate it. The corners of the hood must be closed with a metal profile angle so that they do not crumble during operation. Putty on all joints and attachment points. The finished hood can be painted in the color you like or decorate in any other way. Thus, you can make a hood that blends perfectly with the interior of your kitchen.
In the event that you do not have time to manufacture the hood, you can install the purchased hood yourself. After reviewing the information above, it will not be difficult.
The main condition for the installation of the finished hood is to follow the rule of its location in the center at a height not lower than 65 cm from the stove, and the electrical part must be grounded. Instructions are attached to such hoods, so it will not be difficult to install it.
To produce an active hood, you will additionally need your former hood, which is in working condition, or a new, inexpensive, simple model. This hood and is taken as a basis.
Having collected all the main elements of the hood: the lower structure, the grate for the hood and the electric motor - make a frame from the slats and fasten it to the base. Type of frame choose based on the overall style of the kitchen and personal preferences. The main thing - that it could be installed duct. Cover the side walls of the dome with plywood or other lightweight refractory material. After the glue dries well, sand the surface, then you can begin to decorate the product. Next, you can proceed to the installation: the finished hood attach to the wall and place the duct into it.
Sometimes it happens that the hood does not work. If you know the internal structure of the hood, you can easily determine what is broken in it. The most common cause of failure is the fan. It is enough to remove the defective item and give it to a specialist for repair.
If you got such a necessary device as a hood, it is important to monitor the change of filters and cleaning the device from burning and grease in time.
Filters should be changed regularly, depending on their age. There are filters that have a manifesting inscription, as far as pollution. You need to wash the filters in water with the addition of soap or a special product specified in the filter's instruction manual.
As a rule, hoods are equipped with a light bulb, which lights up when it is turned on, a blown light bulb can also be replaced independently. If the touch control breaks down, the help of a specialist will be required.
It is also necessary to clean the hood regularly and with extreme caution.
That's all the basic rules for the care of kitchen hoods and features of repair. Thus, regardless of the severity of the breakdown, almost any hood can be repaired.
Modern models hoods equipped with a timer or remote control. Now the hostess does not have to wait for the time when the food will be fully cooked, you can use the timer, and the hood will turn off at the right time.
Everyone decides to buy a ready-made hood equipped with the latest technology, or independently make an original element of the interior, the main thing is that the hood will keep the air clean and the atmosphere at home cozy.