Small apartments and small kitchens are an echo of the consequences of the Second World War, when many countries were forced to build a large number of housing in a short time and at low cost. The Soviet Union took advantage of the experience of France, which began to build cheap panel houses with low ceilings and very small rooms. Once this apartment was the ultimate dream of the common man. Needs are changing, but even in such a room you want to have all the benefits of civilization. Therefore, below we will describe how to design a small kitchen in 5 square meters. m with a fridge stylish and practical, as well as demonstrate successful solutions in the photo.
Finishing kitchen 5 square. m
Such premises are mainly located in the buildings of the old building, the so-called Khrushchev and Brezhnevka. Repair small kitchen 5 square. m may cause difficulty. It will be necessary not only to create a beautiful interior, but also to re-plan the situation, move communications, replace coverings, etc. Therefore such works with low-budget ones cannot be called. We'll have to come up with original ideas and apply non-standard solutions. Save on the design of the room can be, if some of the work done by yourself.
For the kitchen floor 5 square. m is better to use tile, stone, linoleum of good quality, moisture-resistant laminate. The floors of dark tones are perfectly combined with furniture made of solid wood or with imitation of this natural material. This combination of color shades will visually increase the height of the kitchen, and this solution will be supported by vertical stripes on wallpaper or curtains.
If the room has uneven walls, then it is worth laying in the estimate of a 5 square meter kitchen renovation. m the amount required to align the walls. The lining of such surfaces with sheets of drywall will allow you to further insulate, soundproof the housing, as well as hold new communications.
To decorate the walls using washable wallpaper. But it is enough to paint the walls with a light tone water-based paint. This option is more practical, such materials are not afraid of moisture, temperature fluctuations, as well as wash, without fear of the consequences.
Important! Visually increase the small space will help different textures and colors of materials. For example, for one of the walls a rich, cold shade is selected that visually separates it.
For finishing the apron over the desk fit various materials. Ceramic tiles, glass panels with a special coating, mosaic are resistant to hanging temperature, moisture, easy to clean and can last for many years.
Layout and repair of a small kitchen 5 meters, as in the bottom photo, includes ceiling trim. Only be sure to take into account its size and height. In a room with a small space, you can whiten the ceilings or install a tension option. If the height of the walls is more than 2.7 m, then the choice here is much wider, for example, suitable options from slats, drywall, wall paneling, etc.
Furniture for a small kitchen
Before you equip the kitchen 5 square meters. m, you need to decide: buy a ready-made kitchen set or order it in a furniture studio. The first option is simpler, but you have to carefully measure the room, look for the right furniture and appliances with certain parameters. In the second case, everything will be done for a specific room, taking into account the selected household appliances. Design a small kitchen 5 square. m with a fridge overlay on the photo.
Professional designers will tell you how to place all the necessary elements on a small square. In addition to the refrigerator and stove, you need a few cabinets for kitchen utensils and products. It is not necessary to put all small household appliances on the work surface. For a microwave, you can pick up a place on the windowsill, put the coffee maker on the open shelf of the top cabinet, etc. A similar kitchen layout of 5 meters with a refrigerator is shown in the photo.
A cabinet above the fridge will also place some things. If there are many shelves in the upper tier, then a space for a narrow top-loading washing machine is made at the bottom. In the old houses are often found kitchen 5 meters with a gas column. Such a thing can be disguised as one of the cabinets, which will not allow to violate a single concept of the interior.
A 5.5 square meter kitchen design implies a square table with a small tabletop in the corner. But it happens that small rooms do not even contain such an item. The way out will be various transforming models:
- Folding table and chairs: if they are no longer required, it is enough to fold them and put them in the closet;
- Folding tabletop: it can be successfully disguised as a wall cabinet or picture;
- Table-book: in the folded position, it has a compact size and can serve as a working surface;
- Increased sill: this model can be made in the whole wall, then additional storage system will appear below.
Create a kitchen project of 5 square meters. m with a refrigerator - not an easy task. Here you want to have all the necessary equipment that makes life easier for a modern busy woman. Even such a small space should be as conveniently organized as possible so that cooking becomes a process that is not only necessary but also pleasant.
Before you plan the kitchen you need to measure the area and make a list of necessary household appliances, as well as furniture. If the owners decided to do all the repairs themselves, then it is worth preparing a drawing with the dimensions of the room.
This drawing allows you to develop a plan for the placement of a headset, a dinner group, a refrigerator and other necessary items. Already at this stage it is determined how to place the furniture in the kitchen 5 meters. A small area allows you to put the kitchen in several ways.
This way of organizing the space of small kitchens does not overload the already modest room size. A small headset and all the necessary elements are located on one of the walls. The working surface of the table includes a hob and sink. From the width of the room depends on the number of cabinets that can be placed in two tiers: upper and lower. Often with linear placement, the refrigerator and the dining table are placed against the opposite wall. Looks like the photo on how the direct model for placing furniture in the kitchen is 5 meters with a refrigerator.
Similar placement of furniture in the kitchen 5 square meters. m suitable for narrow through spaces. With this planning, the working area increases, which favorably affects the process of cooking. The main condition for the two-line model is the presence of a distance of at least 120 cm between the parallel sections of the headset.
Corner model for a small kitchen 5 square. m - the solution is optimal and practical. In such a headset, the tabletop area is increased, and the corner space itself is actively involved. Here you can place one of the cabinets with a modern retractable or rotating mechanism. When planning along the long side of the wall put a refrigerator, stove, and the short part is given under the built-in sink. In the opposite corner put a small dining table and chairs.
In this kitchen involved three walls, along which the working area is built. The central part includes a sink and a small hob. Then the tabletop will be conveniently located to the right, and the built-in household appliances on the left. The distance between the opposite parts should be not less than 120 cm. The U-shaped model of placement of the kitchen unit is suitable for a studio apartment, then the side with a working surface can separate the cooking zone from the rest of the space. On the reverse side of this table, you can make an adjacent bar.
Important! When planning a kitchen 5 meters with a refrigerator, it is necessary to note on the drawing such important points as the location of the door and window, switches, sockets, water and gas pipes, ventilation duct, etc.
Fridge in a small kitchen
The design of small kitchens in 5 square meters can fit the necessary appliances. The main items of this space are the refrigerator and stove. As for the latter, today you can pick up one hob without an oven. Especially if you do not like to cook, and the oven is not needed. There are models consisting of three, two or one burner. The plate will not take a lot of place on a working surface. And it can be mounted not along the wall, but across, which will save space even more.
For limited space, you should not choose a huge refrigerator, which will occupy a maximum area. A narrower model with various useful functions or a small device that can be put on any surface will become a more convenient option. If the kitchen design 5 square. m is a niche, then you can put a refrigerator there.
On some samples it is possible to hang the door for easy access to other items. Manufacturers offer non-standard in size and shape of the refrigerator for small kitchens with small freezers at the bottom or top.
In the design of a small kitchen area of 5 square meters. m tall fridge can be positioned as follows:
- On one side of the kitchen;
- At the entrance to the room;
- In the corner opposite the tabletop;
- To the left or right of the window, as in the photo.
There are not so many options, but in each case the most suitable for a specific room is selected. There are cold rooms of non-standard forms: horizontal or compact, of lesser height. For them, you can find a place under the table top. A minus of such models is a small volume for placing products, but it turns out additional space for cabinets or shelves.
Some experts advise for a limited space to purchase models of a separate type of refrigerator. Then the freezer can be placed under the work surface, hiding behind one of the facades, and the rest of the place next to the headset.
Lighting small kitchen
Even during the creation of a small kitchen project in 5 square meters. m you need to decide on the location of lighting devices, switches and sockets. In order for a compact room to not look dark, you need to organize several levels of lighting at least two.
The basic version consists of a chandelier located in the center of the ceiling. It can be replaced by several spotlights, but for this it is necessary to provide a suspended ceiling structure. But before you install the plasterboard surfaces or stretch ceilings, count how many centimeters the room height will then decrease.
Designers often suggest not to hang the central chandelier here. Since the area of the dining table and the work surface separates a small distance, it will be more practical to make local lighting of specific areas. Above the dinner group hang one or two lamps on long cords. Since the table is next to the wall, then above it you can hang a wall matte ceiling. See a similar design of a 5-meter kitchen in a real apartment in the photo.
The working surface needs auxiliary lighting. It is much more convenient to engage in cooking, if the light falls not from behind, but from the front top. This opportunity will give point lights, mounted in the upper visor kitchen furniture. The backlight can be located on the control panel of the fume cupboard, which will make the cooking process even more “transparent” and more convenient. Additionally, the top row of cabinets can be glued to the bottom with LED tape. Ideas to illuminate the interior of a small kitchen of 5 square meters. m look at the photo.
Home Improvement Tips
Clearly designed kitchen design 5 square. m with a refrigerator allows you to fit all the necessary elements and makes the space comfortable to use. This is achieved by optimizing the familiar environment. Designers suggest doing the following:
- Choose cabinets with sliding doors or rising doors.
- Use light transparent curtains in a small kitchen. Heavy dark drapes are able to visually steal the necessary space.
- If the built-in wardrobes close the radiators, make the doors in the form of grids, and in the windowsill cut out a rectangular hole and mask it with a metal grid.
- There is not enough space for the cabinets; place one of them above the dining area.
- Arrangement of a small kitchen involves the creation of a third, additional, tier kitchen unit, which will store important, but infrequently used things.
- A large mirror on the wall or a mirror apron will visually enlarge the room.
- You should not bring into the small room a lot of different decorative gizmos. Cluttered space seems less.
Other ideas for a small kitchen 5 square. m with a refrigerator, look at the photo.
In any, even a small room, you can make the interior cozy and practical. A great desire, a creative approach to familiar things, consultations with specialists - and a photo of the kitchen interior 5 square meters. m with a fridge will look like it just printed on the pages of a fashion magazine.