It's no secret that the convenience of living in a house depends largely on the quality of the floors. The assembly of the basement slab is carried out using various materials: wood, concrete, special mixtures using the “self-leveling floor” technology. Floors in a private house should be smooth, durable, keep warm and have aesthetic qualities.
Types of floors
The question of what to make the floor in the house, often arises in the construction of their own homes. Therefore, there is a need for a detailed study of the types of sexes, taking into account their advantages and disadvantages.
Wood floors look spectacular, they meet environmental requirements, combine practicality and long service life, and allow for repairs as needed.
Installation of wood floor implies the presence of the following materials: timber at least 15 cm thick, edged boards not less than 2.5 cm thick, waterproofing and vapor insulating elements, insulation. The timber and boards must be taken dry, their humidity should not exceed 12%.
As a waterproofing suitable plastic film or roofing material. There are a huge variety of vapor barrier membranes on the market. Mineral wool plates, sheets of extruded polystyrene foam, expanded clay can serve as a heater. You will also need nails and screws, metal corners, a hammer and a screwdriver.
Installing a wooden coating goes through several stages. The first thing to do is to carefully level the ground on which the sand pad is then created. It is necessary to lay a waterproofing on it. If ruberoid is used, the overlap between the stripes is at least 15 cm.
Further along the perimeter of the house, a strapping bar is installed, to which logs are fastened with metal corners. All bars are pre-treated with protective compounds. The distance between the lags should be maintained, equal to the width of the insulation. If slabs of mineral wool are used, they are installed on the screed. This must be considered when installing the log.
Then a vapor barrier membrane, the joints of which are glued with a special adhesive tape, stretches over the lag and insulation overlap. The final stage involves the installation of boards. They are also recommended to be treated with protective compounds. The boards themselves should be nailed as closely as possible to each other. Note! Provence style house - 150 photos of ideas of unusual design
When the wooden floor is ready, it can be varnished, or lay linoleum on it.
Most often, concrete floors in a private house are arranged in utility rooms, but this option is also possible in residential areas. Fill the floor as follows.
If necessary, in the area of future pouring a small excavation pit 10 cm in depth is previously excavated. Then a cushion of sand not less than 5 cm thick is made, which is carefully rammed. The reinforcing mesh is laid out, beacons are set, by which it will be possible to monitor the surface evenness.
Concrete mortar is recommended to be laid from the angle of the side opposite the door, and it is desirable to avoid joints and fill in at one time.
The concrete will gain nominal strength after 28 days, after which it will be possible to proceed to the final finishing. Variants of such finishing are tile or linoleum on a thick base.
Linoleum is used in living rooms, tiles are laid in the hallway, bathroom and toilet, in the kitchen. Linoleum is glued to the concrete with special mastics, or simply lies loosely, fixed on the walls with a plinth. For laying tiles used special glue.
For the device of such floor in the private house special mixes which are independently leveled after their drawing are used. This is one of the most popular methods of flooring in country houses. The cost of the self-leveling floor depends on the manufacturer and brand of the mixture.
In addition, there are options for floors with a pattern or in color, which also affects the price. The foundation of the self-leveling floors is a concrete screed, the surface of which is treated with special primers to improve the coupling. Using a drill with a special nozzle, carry out the dilution of the bulk mixture with water. The solution is applied to the primed base in small portions and rolled out with a needle roller to remove air bubbles.
The finished floor for the best set of strength is covered with plastic wrap, if it is specified in the instructions for the mixture. After the solution finally hardens, it can be coated with polyurethane varnish to add shine.
The coating will be ready for full use in a week, and you can move around within 12 hours after pouring. The peculiarity of this sex is that it is often used as the main one. But you can also lay a carpet on top, lay parquet or laminate.
If there is a financial opportunity and the floors are made in the living room, then it is best to use three-dimensional or decorative self-leveling floors. To do this, you need to think about what kind of pattern will be located on the floor, and then contact the company specializing in these issues. She will make a photo of the floor in the house, making a printout on the banner of the required size. Subsequently, according to a special technology, this banner will be installed on the floor, making the room stylistically very attractive.
Floor heating technology
The most convenient and practical option is the device of a heat-insulated floor in the private house. There are floors with water and electrical system. Electric floors are popular in small rooms of apartments or country houses. The main condition for the installation of electric floors is the presence of a power supply line capable of operating under heavy loads.
Electric floor heating system has only the disadvantage that it consumes more electricity.
In the case of floor heating in large rooms, in which there is also no central heating, it makes sense to use water floors, since they can significantly save energy.
The water floor as a heat source has water heated by the boiler, circulating through the pipes mounted in the floor. The role of the heating elements is given to metal-plastic pipes (there are options for the use of plastic pipes). They are laid on the sub floor and are connected to the supply and return manifold via a distribution mechanism. The water circulating in the pipes has a temperature of + 35-45 ° С. Higher temperatures would make the floor uncomfortable, and subsequently lead to its destruction.
Water heating system has several advantages:
- heating costs are reduced due to the low coolant temperature;
- as an independent unit allows efficient use of living space (in the absence of radiators);
- cost-effective compared to the electric floor heating system, despite the high installation costs
What kind of floors to make in a private house in each case is always decided individually. At the same time, it is necessary to measure the purpose of the floors, their price and the quality of the materials used. Knowing the subtleties of all the options, the advantages and disadvantages of a particular type of floor, you can eventually achieve a unique result, while obtaining the best floors for yourself.