The tile is one of the most popular finishing options for the bathroom. Repair is possible both for experienced craftsmen and beginners, the benefit of the video with detailed instructions for laying the tiles in the bathroom with their own hands is not small. To begin the finishing work, you first need to choose the right material, as well as carefully prepare the surface. You will also need to make room measurements to determine how many tiles will be needed for repairs.
A panel made of tiles of high quality hand-made will also look impressive and expensive
Where to start
Before proceeding directly to the laying of tiles in the bathroom, it is necessary to make measurements of the walls and floor to determine the total area. Calculate the number of tiles is very simple, just divide the area by the size of the tile. The result is rounded up, curbs are counted by the meter.
To begin, all calculations should be carried out.
Important! In the process of laying tiles in the bathroom did not find out that the material is not enough, you need to buy everything with a margin of 5%, and with a diagonal installation of 10%.
If you plan to lay tile in the bathroom, using an unusual variant of laying, it is worthwhile to draw a scheme in advance, taking into account the size of the pattern, colors, etc. The same is true when creating a mosaic, if you plan an individual sketch.
For the calculation, you can use a computer program
What are the criteria to choose tiles
To properly lay the tile in the bathroom, you need to choose a material that fits exactly under all conditions. This is not only the style of the interior and colors, the strength, water resistance, texture, etc., are taken into account. The shape and size are important - the complexity of tile laying often depends on them.
An important parameter for any coating, especially outdoor. According to the durability of the tile is divided into five classes. The fifth class is the most durable and is used for finishing the floor, but in a regular apartment there is no need for professional coverage.
To create a picture on the walls it is better to choose tiles from one collection.
For the floor decor of the bathroom is quite suitable material class below. For walls, it is enough to purchase less wear-resistant tiles of class 1 or 2.
For the bathroom floor is a special type of tile
The level of moisture absorption in tile varies, not every coating is suitable for a bathroom. In order not to be mistaken with the choice, you must carefully read the label. For wet rooms suitable material with a resistance class not lower than I or II on a scale from I to IV.
For rooms with high humidity should be selected waterproof tiles.
In addition to the Roman numerals in the designation can be the letters a and b, they denote the method of production - extrusion or pressing, respectively. For the bathroom are suitable both options.
Classes of wear resistance of ceramic tiles
How to lay tiles in the bathroom depends largely on its size. The choice is influenced by the size of the room space, as well as the particular layout, the number of difficult places (protrusions, pipes, niches, etc.). Too large tiles are not suitable for small rooms, it will visually reduce the space.
Bright tile will visually help to expand the space of a small bathroom.
Important! For hard-to-reach places or rounded shapes, it is better to choose a small tile or mosaic - they will not have to be cut for stacking.
With rounded shapes, mosaic tiles are easy to handle.
It is more convenient to put square and rectangular tiles in the bathroom, it is easiest to count by quantity, but such a design may seem too simple. If you want something more interesting, there is a polygonal tile of different sizes. It is difficult to style, but with its help, by combining sizes and colors, you can create original compositions.
The form of a tile can visually influence the perception of space. Thus, a vertically laid rectangular tile will visually make the ceiling higher, while a horizontal installation will expand the room itself.
The color range of tile is extensive, which allows you to choose the finish for any interior style. The tile can be both monophonic, and with an ornament. For small bathrooms it is better to choose light-colored coatings, and the design should not be too large or bright.
If the bathroom is spacious enough, the choice of colors is more extensive. You can use bright and dark colors, any ornaments and patterns. Also the accent wall of more saturated tone or trimmed with a mosaic will effectively look. This approach allows not only to diversify the interior, but also to zone the space.
Matt embossed surfaces can visually reduce the room is too spacious, making it more comfortable. At the same time, gloss and smooth tile visually expand a small space.
Important! The floor in the bathroom is better to lay out rough tiles, so as not to accidentally slip, but the walls can and should be left more smooth.
Combination with other materials
It is not necessary to completely tile the bathroom with tiles, it is often combined with other finishing materials - plaster, vinyl wallpaper, paint, etc. In this case, the tile is usually used to decorate the walls in the bathroom and sink, the most damp places in the room. If the bathroom is combined, other materials can be used for finishing from the toilet. How can I put a tile in the bathroom, combining it with other options for decor, you can look at the photo.
What tools are needed
When a tile that is suitable in all respects is chosen, and the room is freed from furniture and unnecessary items, you can start preparing the tools that will be needed for further work. To put a tile in the bathroom with your own hands, as in the following video, you will need:
- Roulette and level;
- Drill for mixing tile glue;
- Soft sponge;
- Hard toothed spatula;
- Pad putter for processing joints;
- Plastic crosses to align the laying at the seams;
- Tile adhesive
Then it remains only to inspect the premises for irregularities that will have to be corrected before starting work, and proceed to the preparation of surfaces for laying the tiles in the bathroom, the process itself can be viewed in the video.
Before you put the tile in the bathroom with their own hands need to check whether there is a slope on the walls. This is easily done using a level wall must be strictly at a 90 degree angle. When deviating up or down, you will need to pre-level the surface with plaster. How this is done can be seen on the video, without even qualitatively putting tile in the bathroom will not work - such repairs risk not lasting for a long time.
If the angle between the wall and the floor deviates from the norm of 90 degrees, there may be ugly gaps in the masonry between the tiles, difficulty in installing a bath or shower tray (the appearance of large gaps that will have to be sealed with sealant), etc.
Before laying the tile on the bathroom walls, the surface must be prepared. First of all, the old coating is removed, if it exists, and the base is cleaned of dirt and dust. If there is a need to align the walls, it must be done.
Important! Do not lay the tile on top of the paint, do not be too lazy to remove it - the adhesion of the adhesive to the rough surface of the walls will be much stronger.
To properly lay the tile in the bathroom surface of the walls must be primed. It is also necessary to apply a layer of sealant, such treatment is especially important for areas in the bathroom and sink areas. It is necessary that under the tile does not start mold from too high humidity.
If you allow the spread of the fungus, to cope with it in the future will be very difficult, in the most neglected cases, you will have to completely change the finish. For waterproofing, you can use a special mastic, it does not affect the quality of adhesion of tile glue to the base. For greater reliability after laying tile the joints are additionally treated with sealant.
Laying tiles on the walls
How to put a tile in the bathroom can be viewed on the video, which will be interesting both for professionals and beginners. However, it would not be superfluous to describe the process in more detail. After leveling and priming the walls, it is necessary to prepare the glue correctly so that the tile lasts a long time.
To tile laid in the bathroom, lasted longer, you will need to use tile adhesive. It is sold in stores in the form of a dry mixture, which only needs to be diluted with water, following the instructions on the packaging.
It is especially important to monitor the amount of water so that the consistency of the adhesive solution does not turn out to be too thin or thick. There should also be no lumps, the mixture should be evenly stirred. For convenience, use a drill with a special nozzle, because it is very difficult and long to mix the glue with your own hands.
To start laying tiles in the bathroom you need to mark the walls so that the rows are strictly parallel to the floor. To control this, it is necessary to apply horizontal markings along the walls, it will be on it that subsequent rows of tiles will be leveled.
The marking line must be strictly parallel to the floor. For accuracy, use a level so that the line is perfectly level.
How to lay tiles in the bathroom
To properly put a tile, you will need to follow a number of recommendations:
- It is necessary to start laying tiles on the wall from the second row, counting is from the floor. The first row of tile at the initial stage remains empty, during installation it is worth focusing on the markup.
- Glue is applied to the base, not to the tile. For convenience, use a notched trowel, it will create the desired texture.
- You should not push too hard on the tile during installation, if you overdo it, ceramics can not stand and crack or break.
- Excess glue is removed with a foam sponge.
- To the seams between the tiles in the bathroom were the same width, use special crosses. The optimum width is a few millimeters.
- Each new row check for horizontal. Even the slightest deviation can lead to masonry distortions later. This may occur due to slightly different sizes of tiles, which occasionally happens in domestic ceramics.
- When facing corners and protrusions in the bathroom, you will need to trim tiles using a grinder or tile cutter.
- If you need to arrange the notches, you can simply break them down gently with pliers until you have a hole of the required size.
You can learn more about how to lay tiles on the bathroom walls with your own hands in a training video.
Before laying the tile in the bathroom will need to prepare the base. Like walls, the floor must be leveled so that the surface is perfectly level. To do this, use the screed, then the base is primed and, if necessary, covered with a layer of waterproofing.
Unlike walls, tiles start on the bathroom floor from the center. In order not to have to cut the material in the corners and around the edges, you will need to carry out accurate measurements. If you still have trim, try to put them in the most inconspicuous places, for example, under the bathroom. Otherwise, when laying the floor, you can use the same rules as when finishing walls. The choice of glue for floor tile installation depends on the quality of the base and the type of material chosen.
How to make space around the bath
If it is required to tile the bath, first a frame is erected capable of supporting the weight of ceramics. It can be built independently with your own hands or purchased ready. It is better to choose a sliding frame, it is convenient, because you do not need to disassemble the wall if you need to get to the communications under the bathroom. Next, marking, glue is applied to the frame, and the further process of laying is identical to the finish of the floor or walls.
If you want to install a shower tray, it can also be revetted with ceramics. In this case, the tile is placed on top of the pallet, and all the joints are closed using sealant. For decoration, you can choose a beautiful ceramic border or a lighter plastic version of it.
Important: neither the tray nor the bath should touch the tile; all gaps between them must be filled with sealant (foam, grout, silicone sealant, etc., depending on the width of the gap).
How to seal the seams
For sealing joints often used grout. The process itself looks like this:
- Wait until the tile glue is completely dry, only after that you can begin to treat the seams.
- Clean joints of glue residues, dust, etc. For this it is convenient to use an overlay spatula.
- Dilute the trowel mixture or buy ready-made, often this grout is available in plastic containers.
- The mixture should be creamy, not too liquid and not too thick.
- When applying grout, use a soft spatula, moving obliquely with respect to the gap line.
- Make sure that there are no empty spots, the mixture should be applied evenly.
Part of the grout will certainly remain on the tile, so when the mixture dries a little, wipe the tile with a damp sponge. However, try not to put pressure on the seams, in order not to accidentally spoil the not completely dried grout, otherwise you will have to apply it again.
The most common choice is white, but there may be other options. Grout can be a separate decorative element that will diversify the usual masonry. The easiest option is to choose a mix to match the tile. You can purchase ready-made color grouting or paint the solution yourself by adding a dye. Some trowels are produced with additional effects - mother of pearl, glitter, metallic, etc.
Additional seam protection
Joints in the masonry are the most vulnerable area for the fungus, it is easily and quickly spread from moisture. To protect the seams, you need to apply sealants on top of the grout or special antiseptic mixtures. Processing should be carried out only after complete drying of the solution.
The curb is necessary to hide the gaps between the bath or shower tray and the wall, since the sealant does not always look aesthetically pleasing. The simplest and easiest option for mounting is a flexible adhesive tape, it is great for small gaps, but it needs to be changed every 1-2 years.
Plastic borders are not afraid of water, but when choosing white shades should be borne in mind that the snow-white over time will turn yellow. Plastic is a good material for modern styles, especially high tech or minimalism. But for a classic bathroom, in order not to stand out from the style, you can choose a ceramic or stone curb. The principle of laying it is the same as that of the tile.
Important! Using any type of curb, always treat joints with sealant and antiseptic.
Laying tiles in the bathroom can be easily done with your own hands, without the help of experts. The installation process is quite simple, and if necessary, you can always see detailed videos, which clearly shows the whole process of work.