Before repairing the bathroom, the question arises - what to use for wall decoration? It should be borne in mind that the bathroom is a place with high humidity and high temperatures, the selected material should not be afraid of water, withstand high temperatures and easy to wash. The decoration should be in harmony with the interior and be interesting. Ceramic tile seems to be a reasonable way out, but its installation is sometimes complicated, and I want the repair not to drag out. In this case, you can use plastic panels for finishing the bathroom with your own hands, even if you do it for the first time - there are a lot of training videos.
Plastic panels will help create a modern and functional interior of the bathroom.
How to choose PVC plates for wall cladding?
Facing the bathroom with plastic panels is an excellent alternative to ceramics or wood. Plastic will last a long time, it is not afraid of water, and in the building stores there is a wide choice of shapes, sizes and colors. You can easily choose a plain version or with ornaments to diversify the wall covering in the bathroom. To PVC plates served for a long time, you need to consider a few nuances when choosing:
- Try to choose panels with a large number of stiffeners - this is a guarantee of high strength.
- It is better to choose smooth tiles without embossing, depressions and protrusions. Otherwise, there will be a fungus, because cleaning textured walls is more difficult.
- The installation process of wide plates will take less time, but in case of an error you will spend much more material.
- When buying PVC plates, make sure that the color is uniform and the surface is not scratched.
Quality panels - the key to a good repair in the bathroom
Several options for colors and textures of PVC panels for repair in the bathroom with your own hands can be seen on the selection of photos below.
The blue color of the panels looks great in the interior of the bathroom
The advantages of plastic plating
The plastic panels for facing the bathroom have a number of unconditional advantages:
- Affordable price;
- Resistance to water and fungi;
- Ease of plating;
- Low cost of installation work;
- Large selection of colors and textures;
- The ability to hide communications (pipes, wires, etc.);
- Service life of 10 years;
- Easy to care.
Plastic is also easier to tile and stone, which allows the use of plating in bathrooms with thin walls.
Plastic panels on the market in a wide range
The drawbacks of plastic wall panels are smaller, but they should be taken into account. PVC, unlike tile, is less durable, it is easier to break. Also, the plastic coating does not breathe, and after 10-15 years it becomes fragile and loses aesthetic qualities, the paint fades, and the snow-white color turns yellow. With a strong impact on the surface of the plates may appear cracks and dents.
Plastic panels should be handled with care to avoid dents and cracks.
PVC panels for facing the bathroom there are many. At the stage of selection, you need to choose the appropriate colors and ornaments. If the bathroom is small, then for finishing it is worth choosing a uniform coating of light shades. It can be white, gray, pearl, beige, sand, pale blue, etc. Ideally, the surface of the plastic batten should be glossy, so the small room will visually become larger. If you want decor, it is better to choose a small non-contrasting ornament, otherwise the interior will look too bulky.
To implement the design idea, you can assemble two types of panels.
If the size of the bathroom allows, you can choose rich and dark colors for the lining up to black. Coal glossy walls can look luxurious in combination with the same floor. However, all plumbing and furniture should be white, pearl, dairy, to stand out from the background. I use saturated or dark plastic tiles, it is worth equipping the bathroom with good bright lighting. Under this condition, the interior will look harmonious, not overworking its gloom.
Important! Bathroom is recommended to sheathe the panels to hide the communications and irregularities of the walls, spoiling the appearance.
Plastic panels will help to hide all communications in the bathroom
With the help of properly selected patterns you can visually change the proportions of the bathroom. Plastic panels with horizontal stripes will make the room wider, but it visually understates the ceiling. Vertical lines, on the contrary, make the room taller, narrowing it. This is important to consider when choosing PVC plates. Variants of repairing a bathroom with PVC panels and panels of different colors and textures can be viewed in the overview video.
Where to start repair
It is best to decide before the repair where the communications will take place, after they disappear under the panels and it will be much more difficult to do any work. You also need to take care of the expansion of the bathroom, the batten with panels hides part of the space. How to prepare a bathroom for finishing with plastic panels with your own hands can be viewed on the training video.
Where to start trim your own hands using PVC panels for the bathroom? Before starting repairs it is recommended to remove the old layer of plaster from the walls. This will not add extra centimeters, but it will even out the wall thickness ratio - the panels with the crate will take about the same space as the plaster with the old finish.
Saving space depends on the thickness of the plaster layer. Taking into account one wall, this seems to be too small an achievement, however, when transferring to the entire area of the bathroom, there may be enough free space for a narrow box cabinet or a hinged shelf. Given the dimensions of the premises in houses built during the Soviet period, even a few extra centimeters are important.
In Khrushchev, plaster is often made on the basis of sand and lime, so it will be quite simple to remove it from the walls. A much greater problem will be dust in the repair process, but you can escape from it by using a respirator and safety glasses. In order not to dirty the bath, it is better to cover it with a film.
Important! Even if the composition of the plaster is different from the sand-cement mixture, it is still better to get rid of it. It's harder and longer, but the additional centimeters of the square are worth it.
Before installing plastic panels in the bathroom is better to completely replace the old pipe. Why do you need it:
- Old corroded pipelines can leak at any time. If the pipes are hidden behind the panels, in case of an accident it is more difficult to fix the problem, you will have to disassemble a part of the wall, and this takes time, effort and money.
- In place of the old it is better to put plastic or metal pipes. They do not rust.
- Since the old pipes and so at least a few centimeters retreating from the walls, the thickness of the sheathing for plastic panels will be greater. As a result, the area of the bathroom will be significantly reduced, which is unlikely to have a positive effect on comfort.
In addition, new pipes will last much longer, unlike old ones, and modern materials are more durable.
Modern bathrooms can not do without sockets, they are necessary for a washing machine, shower cubicles with electronic filling, hair dryer, electric shaver, etc. Switches are also required, especially if the lighting is in several levels. Therefore, before plastering the bathroom with plastic panels, it is necessary to determine where the wires will go.
But the process of installing sockets and switches in PVC plates is no different from the same on drywall. To better understand how to separate the wiring under the plastic panels in the bathroom and install everything you need during the repair you can see the video with instructions.
Types of crates
So, finishing the bathroom is done step by step. First, the old coating is removed, then the pipes are replaced and, finally, wiring is done. However, this is not enough for the installation of plastic plates, you must make a crate - the frame. This is a rather long process, in time it is no less than preliminary work. In most cases, wood or metal is used for crates. Each material has its own advantages, disadvantages, as well as installation features.
Natural wood is a durable and durable material, but it is unlikely that it will last a long time in a bathroom. To prevent the wooden frame from permanent exposure to moisture and mold, pre-impregnation with an antiseptic and water-repellent coating is required.
To install a wooden sheathing, it is necessary to make a vertical marking on the walls. The distance between the slats depends on the size of the plastic tile, but usually it is no more than 40 cm. If you increase the pitch, the finish will begin to bend inward. Here are further step by step instructions:
- By marking, mounting brackets are installed at a distance of 40-50 cm from each other vertically;
- Further, the rails themselves are fastened, in order to fasten them to the fixing brackets, small screws 25 mm long will be required;
- For work are used slats 2x5 cm thick;
- In order for the frame to be installed smoothly, it is necessary to strictly maintain the verticals. For these purposes, you can use the building level.
After the wooden crate is ready, for greater strength it is worth fixing around the perimeter with special corners of a suitable size.
Metal Profile Frame
For the installation of wall panels in the bathroom with their own hands, in addition to wooden slats, metal profiles are used, the same as for the installation of drywall. The method of erection of the frame is identical to the wooden crate, however, instead of screws, small screws are used.
When installing metal guides, it should be borne in mind that from the side of the side wall it will not be possible to screw the extreme profiles to the mount. To fasten the bracket on the side of the side wall, you first need to fasten the profile from the accessible side, and then bend the fastener so that you can fasten it over the front side.
Despite the fact that the metal crate is a little more difficult to install, the metal is superior to wood in many ways. The metal profile is not afraid of water, it does not start the mold, it does not rot from moisture, which is not the case with wood. How to mount a batten for finishing the bathroom with PVC panels can be viewed on the video.
Plastic slats are mounted by the same method as wood with metal. This crate has several advantages. Plastic slats are lighter in weight, they are more flexible, which means they will not crack under the weight of panels, as can happen to wood. Plastic easily carries water, but compared to natural wood or metal, it is more fragile.
What to consider when installing the frame
Since the bathroom is a place with a high concentration of humidity, it is best to choose more resistant materials for the frame - metal or plastic. These profiles do not require additional treatment to protect against pests, mold and water.
The direction of the rails depends on the stacking of the plastic panels. If you plan to lay the plates vertically, the frame should be directed parallel to the floor. When mounted horizontally, the rails are strictly vertical. In rare cases, diagonal styling is used, but it is technically more difficult to implement. In addition, a diagonal lining will require much more material, there will be a lot of trimming.
Important! Whichever direction you choose, rails should always be strictly perpendicular to the slabs.
If the walls in the bathroom are uneven, it is somewhat more difficult to sheathe them. Irregularities are pre-closed with wood or plastic pads. Also on uneven walls you need to use the level more often to monitor the accuracy of lines and masonry.
How to sheathe the walls
Once the crate is made, you can immediately proceed to the bathroom paneling with plastic panels. For fixing the plates, 25 mm screws will be required if the frame is metal or plastic. For a tree, you can use a construction stapler with brackets. In the video, you can consider in detail how to fix PVC panels with your own hands to the frame in the bathroom.
Each panel should be mounted strictly vertically, the seams should not deviate from the central axis of the batten. To check the flatness of the laying you need to periodically use the building level. Each part is attached to the groove of the previous one, and as a result, the screws will be hidden by the comb of the next plate. Thus, you can get almost seamless surface without visible fasteners. Similar facing looks much better. How to make repairs in the bathroom with your own hands, using plastic panels for the walls, you can see on the selection of photos below.
Important! The joints between the tiles must be treated with a transparent sealant to prevent water from getting inside. This is especially important if the frame is made of wood.
If there is a radiator or a clothes dryer in the bathroom, the surface under them should be protected with a heat reflector. Otherwise, PVC may deform under the influence of high temperature or lose its original color.
In order to fasten the PVC panels in the corners, an angular profile is required. The same is used when covering the walls with lining of plastic. With the help of such profiles, the joints in the lateral corners are fixed, however, there will be no need for L-shaped guides between the floor and the wall - this place will be hidden under the plinth.
Sometimes it is not enough to watch video tutorials on finishing the bathroom with plastic panels. There are a number of nuances that should be followed to make repairs as a result pleasing to the eye. Here are some simple tips:
- To diversify the lining, use plates of different widths. You can also alternate monochromatic and patterned panels, or pick up several colors for finishing.
- On the gloss, fingerprints and splashes of water are more noticeable.
- It is not necessary to mount the panel, just brought from the store. They should rest in the bathroom for at least an hour to gradually get used to the new conditions. If you hurry, the repair that has just been done will be damaged due to deformation of the skin.
- Facing should start from the most visible angle, then you will not have to cut the plates, and the finish will look the most attractive.
- In the corners, ledges, niches, etc., the most careful measurements and quality markings are required, in these places it is necessary to trim the panels correctly to the millimeter, so that there are no ugly gaps.
- If the water meter is installed in the bathroom, it should always be freely accessible. Therefore, in this area it is worth using a false panel to match the finish.
And of course, it is worth taking seriously the selection of material for the frame, correctly choosing colors and texture.
Facing the walls of the bathroom with plastic panels is carried out relatively quickly, much more time is spent on preparatory work and crates. The principle of fixing such plates differs little from drywall, but PVC does not require further decoration.